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Summary Report for:
45-2093.00 - Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals

Attend to live farm, ranch, or aquacultural animals that may include cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses and other equines, poultry, finfish, shellfish, and bees. Attend to animals produced for animal products, such as meat, fur, skins, feathers, eggs, milk, and honey. Duties may include feeding, watering, herding, grazing, castrating, branding, de-beaking, weighing, catching, and loading animals. May maintain records on animals; examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; assist in birth deliveries; and administer medications, vaccinations, or insecticides as appropriate. May clean and maintain animal housing areas. Includes workers who shear wool from sheep, and collect eggs in hatcheries.

Sample of reported job titles: Breeding Technician, Cowboy, Egg Gatherer, Farm Hand, Farrowing Worker, Herdsman, Livestock Handler, Milking Worker, Ranch Hand, Vaccinator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Feed and water livestock and monitor food and water supplies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Drive trucks, tractors, and other equipment to distribute feed to animals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine animals to detect illness, injury, or disease, and to check physical characteristics, such as rate of weight gain. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide medical treatment, such as administering medications and vaccinations, or arrange for veterinarians to provide more extensive treatment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix feed, additives, and medicines in prescribed portions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect, maintain, and repair equipment, machinery, buildings, pens, yards, and fences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Move equipment, poultry, or livestock from one location to another, manually or using trucks or carts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean stalls, pens, and equipment, using disinfectant solutions, brushes, shovels, water hoses, or pumps. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mark livestock to identify ownership and grade, using brands, tags, paint, or tattoos. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Herd livestock to pastures for grazing or to scales, trucks, or other enclosures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shift animals between grazing areas to ensure that they have sufficient access to food. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order food for animals, and arrange for its delivery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform duties related to livestock reproduction, such as breeding animals within appropriate timeframes, performing artificial inseminations, and helping with animal births. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Milk animals such as cows and goats, by hand or using milking machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Segregate animals according to weight, age, color, and physical condition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Patrol grazing lands on horseback or using all-terrain vehicles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain growth, feeding, production, and cost records. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Groom, clip, trim, or castrate animals, dock ears and tails, or shear coats to collect hair. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spray livestock with disinfectants and insecticides, or dip or bathe animals. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Animal husbandry equipment — Cattle chutes; Dehorners; Feed trailers; Milking equipment sterilizers (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Animal shearing or clipping equipment — Animal hair clippers; Animal hair trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Animal watering machines — Automatic watering devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Animal weighing scales — Electronic animal scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Backhoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood collection syringes — Blood drawing syringes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bridles — Horse bridles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conveyor screw — Feed conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Egg inspection or collecting equipment — Egg candlers; Egg grading machines; Egg washing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Feed mixers — Automated feed batch mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fog or mist generators — Fumigators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grease guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Disinfectant sprayers; Insecticide sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Incubators or brooders for poultry — Poultry incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Farm trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Livestock identification equipment — Ear taggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Livestock trailers — Animal trailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Milking machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nebulizer or accessories — Nebulizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Post hole digger — Post hole diggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators — Dust and particulate respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saddles — Horse saddles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Skid steer loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snowplow attachments — Snowplows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Veterinary castration instruments — Castration equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Animal vaccination syringes; Balling guns; Insemination syringes; Veterinary intravenous IV sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Veterinary nail trimmers or cutters — Hoof trimmers; Nail trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — BCL Landview Systems WinCrop; Farm Works Software Trac See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Perform animal breeding procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Package agricultural products for shipment or further processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Care for animals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine animals to detect illness, injury or other problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove skin or other body parts from animals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat animal injuries or illnesses. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare materials or solutions for animal or plant use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Transport animals, crops, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate farming equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 45% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 58% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 20% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 58% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 39% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Under Cover — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 33% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 39% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 40% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 40% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 49% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 37% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 54% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 33% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 21% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 35% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 26% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 36% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 31% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 26% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 36% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 24% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 34% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Less than high school diploma
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: R

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $11.02 hourly, $22,930 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 78,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 25,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Agricultural Workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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