Summary Report for:
47-1011.00 - First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.
Sample of reported job titles: Construction Foreman, Construction Superintendent, Construction Supervisor, Field Supervisor, Foreman, Job Superintendent, Project Superintendent, Site Superintendent, Superintendent, Supervisor
Also see: Solar Energy Installation Managers
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Supervise, coordinate, or schedule the activities of construction or extractive workers.
- Read specifications, such as blueprints, to determine construction requirements or to plan procedures.
- Inspect work progress, equipment, or construction sites to verify safety or to ensure that specifications are met.
- Locate, measure, and mark site locations or placement of structures or equipment, using measuring and marking equipment.
- Coordinate work activities with other construction project activities.
- Assign work to employees, based on material or worker requirements of specific jobs.
- Estimate material or worker requirements to complete jobs.
- Confer with managerial or technical personnel, other departments, or contractors to resolve problems or to coordinate activities.
- Order or requisition materials or supplies.
- Analyze worker or production problems and recommend solutions, such as improving production methods or implementing motivational plans.
- Train workers in construction methods, operation of equipment, safety procedures, or company policies.
- Record information such as personnel, production, or operational data on specified forms or reports.
- Provide assistance to workers engaged in construction or extraction activities, using hand tools or other equipment.
- Arrange for repairs of equipment or machinery.
- Suggest or initiate personnel actions, such as promotions, transfers, or hires.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers — Insulated adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Ammeters — Clamp-on meters
- Bench vises
- Biscuit jointers — Biscuit joiners
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Steel chisels
- Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers
- Concrete spreaders — Screeds
- Desktop computers
- Detonator box — Blasting machines
- Digital cameras
- Dump trucks
- Ear muffs — Protective ear muffs
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- Fall protection lanyard — Safety lanyards
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Flatbed trailers — Flatbed truck trailers
- Floats — Concrete floats
- Flowmeters — Flow meters
- Gas generators — Gas-powered generators
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Acetylene welding equipment; Oxyfuel gas welders
- Glass cutters
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- Hold down clamps — Glass holders
- Hygrometers — Humidity meters
- Insulated screwdriver — Insulated screwdrivers
- Kettle exchangers — Fuel-burning kettles
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Bubble levels; Precision levels
- Lifts — Glass lifters
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers
- Lockout devices — Power lockouts
- Manlift or personnel lift — Aerial personnel lifts; Manlifts; Swing stages
- Measuring rods — Surveying rods
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welding equipment
- Metal markers or holders — Marking gauges
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Megohm meters
- Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
- Personal computers
- Pipe bending tools — Pipe benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Pipe vises
- Pipe wrenches
- Planing machines — Planers
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Mortar mixers
- Plumb bobs
- Power buffers — Power polishers
- Power drills
- Power grinders
- Power nail guns — Power nailers
- Power saws — Band saws; Saber saws; Table saws
- Pressure indicators — Pressure meters
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Protective gloves — Glass gloves; Safety gloves
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Putty knives
- Refrigerant compressors — Refrigerant reclamation equipment
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety harnesses
- Saws — Hand saws
- Screwdrivers — Flat head screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers
- Scribers — Scoring tools
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Arc welding equipment
- Skid steer loaders
- Spot welding machine — Welders
- Squares — Combination squares; Layout squares
- Stamping dies or punches — Hydraulic knock-out punches
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Suction cups — Vacuum cups
- Surface thermometers — Analog temperature analyzers; Digital temperature analyzers
- Tablet computers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Tongs — Glass tongs
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes
- Track excavators — Tracked excavators
- Trenching machines — Trenchers
- Trowels — Brick trowels; Pointing trowels
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Vacuum pumps
- Voltage or current meters — Voltmeters
- Welding masks
- Wheel bulldozers — Wheeled bulldozers
- Wheel loaders
- Wire cutters
- Wire drawing machine — Wire pulling machines
- Wire lug crimping tool — Hydraulic crimping tools; Wire crimpers
- Wireline grabs — Slickline fishing tools
- Wood chisels
Technology used in this occupation:
- Calendar and scheduling software — FranklinCovey TabletPlanner; Scheduling software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software ; Intuit QuickBase; Mi-Co Mi-Forms Client; Sage 300 Construction and Real Estate
- Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Facilities management software
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
- Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Project management software — HCSS HeavyJob; Microsoft Project ; Oracle Primavera P6 Enterprise Portfolio Project Management
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Video conferencing software — Microsoft NetMeeting
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Detailed Work Activities
- Direct construction or extraction personnel.
- Inspect equipment or tools to be used in construction or excavation.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Record operational or environmental data.
- Train construction or extraction personnel.
- Measure work site dimensions.
- Estimate construction project labor requirements.
- Communicate with other construction or extraction personnel to discuss project details.
- Monitor construction operations.
- Coordinate construction project activities.
- Estimate materials requirements for projects.
- Evaluate projects to determine compliance with technical specifications.
- Assist skilled construction or extraction personnel.
- Order construction or extraction materials or equipment.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 85% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 72% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Telephone — 84% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 73% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 69% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 71% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 51% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 61% responded “Extremely important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 54% responded “Very important results.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 56% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 55% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 46% responded “Very important.”
- Time Pressure — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 50% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Spend Time Standing — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Physical Proximity — 40% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 34% responded “Very important.”
- Level of Competition — 41% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Electronic Mail — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 41% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 34% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 28% responded “Very important.”
- Letters and Memos — 25% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 28% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 24% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 31% responded “Very important.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|39||High school diploma or equivalent|
|33||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: ERC
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$29.84 hourly, $62,070 annual|
|Employment (2014)||578,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Faster than average (9% to 13%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||103,600|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- American Council for Construction Education (ACCE) , 1717 North Loop 1604 East, Suite 320, San Antonio, TX 78232-1570. Phone: (210) 495-6161. Fax: (210) 495-6168.
- American Institute of Constructors (AIC) , 400 N Washington St., Suite 300, Alexandria, VA 33702. Phone: (703) 683-5053.
- Construction Management Association of America (CMAA) , 7918 Jones Branch Dr., Suite 540, McLean, VA 22102-3307. Phone: (703) 356-2622. Fax: (703) 356-6388.