Summary Report for:
47-2022.00 - Stonemasons
Build stone structures, such as piers, walls, and abutments. Lay walks, curbstones, or special types of masonry for vats, tanks, and floors.
Sample of reported job titles: Mason, Stone Derrickman and Rigger, Stone Mason, Stone Setter
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Lay out wall patterns or foundations, using straight edge, rule, or staked lines.
- Shape, trim, face and cut marble or stone preparatory to setting, using power saws, cutting equipment, and hand tools.
- Set vertical and horizontal alignment of structures, using plumb bob, gauge line, and level.
- Mix mortar or grout and pour or spread mortar or grout on marble slabs, stone, or foundation.
- Remove wedges, fill joints between stones, finish joints between stones, using a trowel, and smooth the mortar to an attractive finish, using a tuck pointer.
- Set stone or marble in place, according to layout or pattern.
- Clean excess mortar or grout from surface of marble, stone, or monument, using sponge, brush, water, or acid.
- Lay brick to build shells of chimneys and smokestacks or to line or reline industrial furnaces, kilns, boilers and similar installations.
- Replace broken or missing masonry units in walls or floors.
- Smooth, polish, and bevel surfaces, using hand tools and power tools.
- Drill holes in marble or ornamental stone and anchor brackets in holes.
- Repair cracked or chipped areas of stone or marble, using blowtorch and mastic, and remove rough or defective spots from concrete, using power grinder or chisel and hammer.
- Remove sections of monument from truck bed, and guide stone onto foundation, using skids, hoist, or truck crane.
- Construct and install prefabricated masonry units.
- Dig trench for foundation of monument, using pick and shovel.
- Position mold along guidelines of wall, press mold in place, and remove mold and paper from wall.
- Line interiors of molds with treated paper and fill molds with composition-stone mixture.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abrasive stones — Grinding stones
- Air compressors — Pneumatic air compressors
- Angle grinder — Angle grinders
- Blocks or pulleys — Rope and pulley systems
- Blow torch — Hand torches; Heating torches; Oxygen lances
- Bridge cranes — Gantry cranes
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Angle chisels; Cape chisels; Flat chisels; Hand tracers (see all 8 examples)
- Conventional truck cranes — Truck cranes
- Cutting machines — Stone splitters
- Demolition hammers — Chipping hammers
- Dollies — Stone dollies
- Double ended stud — Shims
- Dust collectors — Dust collection systems
- Ear muffs — Protective ear muffs
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- End cut pliers — Stone nippers
- Facial shields — Full face shields
- Flat taper file — Vixen files
- Floats — Grout floats
- Forklift or elevator accessories or supplies — Boom lifts; Forklift booms
- Forklifts — Masonry forklifts
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grinding or polishing machines — Polishing machines
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hammers — 12 pound sledge hammers; Bush hammers; Cross pein sledge hammers; Stone mason's hammers (see all 6 examples)
- Hand clamps — Carry clamps
- Hand sprayers — Hand held sprayers
- Hard hats — Masonry hard hats
- Hoes — Mortar hoes
- Hoists — Hydraulic hoists; Power hoists
- Jacks — Hydraulic jacks
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Laser levels; Masonry levels
- Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Lifelines
- Lifting hooks — Lewis pins; Stone lifting clamps
- Loading equipment — Lifting spreaders
- Masks or accessories — Dust masks; Safety masks
- Pallet trucks — Slab trolleys
- Personal computers
- Picks — Rock picks
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Drum mortar mixers; Electric mortar mixers; Horizontal shaft mixers; Mixing drills (see all 6 examples)
- Plumb bobs — Laser plumb bobs; Masonry plumb bobs
- Pneumatic grinders — Pneumatic stone grinders
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers; Pneumatic chisels
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Power buffers — Stone polishers
- Power drills — Drill machines; Hammer drills
- Power grinders — Mini grinders; Stone grinders
- Power routers — Stone routers
- Power saws — Circular saws; Concrete saws; Masonry saws; Wet stone saws
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Steam cleaning equipment
- Pry bars — Pinch bars; Setting bars
- Respirators — Dust and particulate respirators
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Rulers — Folding rulers
- Safety glasses — Masonry safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest systems; Safety harnesses
- Scaffolding — Stationary scaffolds; Swing-stage scaffolds
- Shovels — Round point shovels
- Slings — Rigging equipment
- Sponges — Stone cleaning sponges
- Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers
- Straight edges — Masonry straight edges
- Suction cups — Lifting suction cups; Vacuum lifts
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes; Story pole tape measures
- Templates — Wooden templates
- Trowels — Buttering trowels; Margin trowels; Pointing trowels; Tuck pointers (see all 7 examples)
- Utility knives — Masonry utility knives
- Wedges — Stone splitting wedges
- Wet or dry combination vacuum cleaners — Wet-dry vacuums
- Winches — Cable winches; Electric winches
- Wire brushes — Steel wire stone brushes
- Workshop cranes — Portable cranes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
Detailed Work Activities
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Cut tile, stone, or other masonry materials.
- Apply mortar.
- Remove excess materials from finished construction projects.
- Install masonry materials.
- Load materials into construction equipment.
- Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
- Align masonry materials.
- Apply decorative masonry finishes.
- Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
- Dig holes or trenches.
- Position construction forms or molds.
- Drill holes in construction materials.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 85% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 73% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others
- Spend Time Standing — 17% responded “More than half the time.”
- Physical Proximity
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 12% responded “Very little freedom.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 34% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 21% responded “More than half the time.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 31% responded “Extremely important.”
- Telephone — 12% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 18% responded “More than half the time.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 21% responded “Moderate results.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 29% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 14% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 22% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 13% responded “Limited responsibility.”
- Time Pressure — 21% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 17% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment
- Level of Competition — 11% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 77% responded “40 hours.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 24% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Exposed to High Places — 66% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
Interest code: R
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$18.21 hourly, $37,880 annual|
|Employment (2012)||14,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Much faster than average (22% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||5,600|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.