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Summary Report for:
47-2181.00 - Roofers

Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, or related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.

Sample of reported job titles: Industrial Roofer, Metal Roofing Mechanic, Residential Roofer, Roof Mechanic, Roof Service Technician, Roofer, Roofing Technician, Sheet Metal Roofer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Inspect problem roofs to determine the best repair procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up scaffolding to provide safe access to roofs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Align roofing materials with edges of roofs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and maintain equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cement or nail flashing strips of metal or shingle over joints to make them watertight. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install, repair, or replace single-ply roofing systems, using waterproof sheet materials such as modified plastics, elastomeric, or other asphaltic compositions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut felt, shingles, or strips of flashing to fit angles formed by walls, vents, or intersecting roof surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install vapor barriers or layers of insulation on flat roofs. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut roofing paper to size using knives; and nail or staple roofing paper to roofs in overlapping strips to form bases for other materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cover exposed nailheads with roofing cement or caulking to prevent water leakage or rust. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install partially overlapping layers of material over roof insulation surfaces, using chalk lines, gauges on shingling hatchets, or lines on shingles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cover roofs or exterior walls of structures with slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, gravel, gypsum, or related materials, using brushes, knives, punches, hammers, or other tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove snow, water, or debris from roofs prior to applying roofing materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply alternate layers of hot asphalt or tar and roofing paper to roofs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate roofing materials and labor required to complete jobs, and provide price quotes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spray roofs, sidings, or walls to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures, using spray guns, air compressors, or heaters. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Waterproof or damp-proof walls, floors, roofs, foundations, or basements by painting or spraying surfaces with waterproof coatings or by attaching waterproofing membranes to surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mop or pour hot asphalt or tar onto roof bases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply plastic coatings, membranes, fiberglass, or felt over sloped roofs before applying shingles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Smooth rough spots to prepare surfaces for waterproofing, using hammers, chisels, or rubbing bricks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Glaze top layers to make a smooth finish or embed gravel in the bitumen for rough surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply gravel or pebbles over top layers of roofs, using rakes or stiff-bristled brooms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Punch holes in slate, tile, terra cotta, or wooden shingles, using punches and hammers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply modular soil- and plant-containing grids over existing roof membranes to create green roofs. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply reflective roof coatings, such as special paints or single-ply roofing sheets, to existing roofs to reduce solar heat absorption. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach solar panels to existing roofs, according to specifications and without damaging roofing materials or the structural integrity of buildings. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install attic ventilation systems, such as turbine vents, gable or ridge vents, or conventional or solar-powered exhaust fans. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install layers of vegetation-based green roofs, including protective membranes, drainage, aeration, water retention and filter layers, soil substrates, irrigation materials, and plants. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install skylights on roofs to increase natural light inside structures or to reduce energy costs. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install solar roofing systems that have energy-collecting photovoltaic panels built into roofing membranes, shingles, or tiles. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air dryers — Hot air blowers; Roof dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Angle brackets — Adjustable roof brackets; Fixed-roof brackets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Anvils — Slaters' anvils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bituminous material distributors — Bitumen applicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blocks or pulleys — Hoisting wheels; Long ladder hoisting wheels; Short ladder hoisting wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Double-lock seamers; Propane torches; Single seamers; Torches (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chalk lines — Chalk line markers; Roofing layout tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chip Spreaders — Gravelers; Hot or cold process power gravelers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Grooving tools; Seaming chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cutting machines — Power roof cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fall protection lanyard — Safety lanyards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Nail hammers; Plastic hammers; Seaming hammers; Slate hammers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hatchets — Carpenters' hatchets; Metric roofing hatchets; Standard roofing hatchets; Wood shingling hatchets (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns — Hot air welding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hip and ridge — Roofing spades; Shake tear-off tools; Shingle rippers; Tear-off shovels (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Hydraulic swing beam hoists; Power hoists; Shingle ladder hoists; Trolley track hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic hand crimp tool — Hand crimpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kettle exchangers — Double-burner pump kettles; Single burner draw kettles; Single burner pump kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders — Chicken ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid leak detectors — Electronic leak detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetic tools — Rolling magnetic sweepers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual press brake — Bench-mount hand brakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal folding machine — Cleat benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe bending tools — Downspout crimpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic nail drivers — Pneumatic air nailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power nail guns — Roofing coil nailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Circular saws; Gas-powered chop saws; Reciprocating saws; Shingle saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors — Roof pitch finders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Spud bars; Spud/scraper bars; Wrecking bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Nail pullers; Nail strippers; Scraper/pullers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Hand punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punching pliers — Core cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Putty knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rivet tools — Pop rivet guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Roofing mop — Tar mops See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest systems; Safety belts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety hooks — Roof hooks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety shoes — Korker cleats; Roofing shoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding — Ladder jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding handrail — Roofing guardrails See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding stabilizers — Ladder braces; Ladder levelers; Ladder standoffs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scales — Triangular scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seam welder — Seam finishing machines; Semiautomatic welding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Clipping shears; Foot squaring shears; Membrane slitters; Slate cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal pliers — Hand roofing double seamers; Seaming pliers; Tinsmith pliers; Two-handed edgers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — Shingle shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Heat welders; Soldering irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Staple guns — Hammer tackers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Swaging tools — Rotary machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips — Compound snips; Snips; Straight snips; Tin snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Sheet metal hand tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels — Pointing trowels; Round-point trowels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Angle knives; Draw knives; Roofing knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood chisels See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Energy cost evaluation software; Humidity and vapor drive calculation software; Roof Calculator software; Top View software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — AppliCad software; ASR Software TopView LE; DigiTools Roof CAD; Ziatek RoofDraw (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — CADAFIS Roofing software; Insight Direct ServiceCEO; RoofLogic software; Wintac Pro Software (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Maintenance record software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Pour materials into or on designated areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut carpet, vinyl or other flexible materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect work sites to determine condition or necessary repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply adhesives to construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install solar energy systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate construction project labor requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install doors or windows. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate materials requirements for projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install roofing materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply paint to surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install green structural components, equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove debris or vegetation from work sites. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 89% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 78% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 72% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 73% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 65% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 67% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 41% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 61% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 15% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 61% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 54% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 46% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 65% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 28% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 39% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 24% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 44% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 58% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 18% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 19% responded “Limited freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 42% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 48% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 35% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 31% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 66% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 37% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 59% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 50% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 51% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 59% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work Schedules — 82% responded “Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration).” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   High school diploma or equivalent Help
34   Less than high school diploma
14   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.19 hourly, $35,760 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 133,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 42,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Roofers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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