Skip navigation

Details Report for:
47-2181.00 - Roofers

Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, or related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.

Sample of reported job titles: Roofer, Roof Mechanic, Roof Service Technician, Roofing Technician, Metal Roofing Mechanic, Sheet Metal Roofer, Industrial Roofer, Residential Roofer

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
80   Core Inspect problem roofs to determine the best repair procedures.
79   Core Set up scaffolding to provide safe access to roofs.
79   Core Align roofing materials with edges of roofs.
78   Core Clean and maintain equipment.
78   Core Cement or nail flashing strips of metal or shingle over joints to make them watertight.
77   Core Install, repair, or replace single-ply roofing systems, using waterproof sheet materials such as modified plastics, elastomeric, or other asphaltic compositions.
76   Core Cut felt, shingles, or strips of flashing to fit angles formed by walls, vents, or intersecting roof surfaces.
76   Core Install vapor barriers or layers of insulation on flat roofs. Green Task Statement
75   Core Cut roofing paper to size using knives; and nail or staple roofing paper to roofs in overlapping strips to form bases for other materials.
75   Core Cover exposed nailheads with roofing cement or caulking to prevent water leakage or rust.
75   Core Install partially overlapping layers of material over roof insulation surfaces, using chalk lines, gauges on shingling hatchets, or lines on shingles.
71   Core Cover roofs or exterior walls of structures with slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, gravel, gypsum, or related materials, using brushes, knives, punches, hammers, or other tools.
70   Core Remove snow, water, or debris from roofs prior to applying roofing materials.
81   Supplemental Apply alternate layers of hot asphalt or tar and roofing paper to roofs.
78   Supplemental Estimate roofing materials and labor required to complete jobs, and provide price quotes.
76   Supplemental Spray roofs, sidings, or walls to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures, using spray guns, air compressors, or heaters. Green Task Statement
74   Supplemental Waterproof or damp-proof walls, floors, roofs, foundations, or basements by painting or spraying surfaces with waterproof coatings or by attaching waterproofing membranes to surfaces.
73   Supplemental Mop or pour hot asphalt or tar onto roof bases.
71   Supplemental Apply plastic coatings, membranes, fiberglass, or felt over sloped roofs before applying shingles.
69   Supplemental Smooth rough spots to prepare surfaces for waterproofing, using hammers, chisels, or rubbing bricks.
67   Supplemental Glaze top layers to make a smooth finish or embed gravel in the bitumen for rough surfaces.
56   Supplemental Apply gravel or pebbles over top layers of roofs, using rakes or stiff-bristled brooms.
56   Supplemental Punch holes in slate, tile, terra cotta, or wooden shingles, using punches and hammers.
Not available Not available Apply modular soil- and plant-containing grids over existing roof membranes to create green roofs. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Apply reflective roof coatings, such as special paints or single-ply roofing sheets, to existing roofs to reduce solar heat absorption. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Attach solar panels to existing roofs, according to specifications and without damaging roofing materials or the structural integrity of buildings. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install attic ventilation systems, such as turbine vents, gable or ridge vents, or conventional or solar-powered exhaust fans. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install layers of vegetation-based green roofs, including protective membranes, drainage, aeration, water retention and filter layers, soil substrates, irrigation materials, and plants. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install skylights on roofs to increase natural light inside structures or to reduce energy costs. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install solar roofing systems that have energy-collecting photovoltaic panels built into roofing membranes, shingles, or tiles. Green Task Statement

back to top

Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Blocks or pulleys — Hoisting wheels; Long ladder hoisting wheels; Short ladder hoisting wheels
Blow torch — Double-lock seamers; Propane torches; Single seamers; Torches (see all 7 examples)
Hammers — Nail hammers; Plastic hammers; Seaming hammers; Slate hammers (see all 5 examples)
Hatchets — Carpenters' hatchets; Metric roofing hatchets; Standard roofing hatchets; Wood shingling hatchets (see all 5 examples)
Hip and ridge — Roofing spades; Shake tear-off tools; Shingle rippers; Tear-off shovels (see all 8 examples)
Hoists — Hydraulic swing beam hoists; Power hoists; Shingle ladder hoists; Trolley track hoists
Power saws — Circular saws; Gas-powered chop saws; Reciprocating saws; Shingle saws
Pry bars — Spud bars; Spud/scraper bars; Wrecking bars
Pullers — Nail pullers; Nail strippers; Scraper/pullers
Scaffolding stabilizers — Ladder braces; Ladder levelers; Ladder standoffs
Shears — Clipping shears; Foot squaring shears; Membrane slitters; Slate cutters
Sheet metal pliers — Hand roofing double seamers; Seaming pliers; Tinsmith pliers; Two-handed edgers
Tinners snips — Compound snips; Snips; Straight snips; Tin snips
Utility knives — Angle knives; Draw knives; Roofing knives

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Energy cost evaluation software; Humidity and vapor drive calculation software; Roof Calculator software; Top View software
Computer aided design CAD software — AppliCad software; ASR Software TopView LE; DigiTools Roof CAD; Ziatek RoofDraw (see all 7 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — CADAFIS Roofing software; Insight Direct ServiceCEO; RoofLogic software; Wintac Pro Software (see all 5 examples)
Project management software — Maintenance record software
Spreadsheet software
Word processing software

See all 74 T2 categories

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
65   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
48   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
47   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
46   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
40   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
40   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
40   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
39   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
37   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
35   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
33   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
32   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
26   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
26   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
25   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
23   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
22   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
21   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
19   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
19   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
18   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
17   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
16   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
15   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
15   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
15   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
13   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
12   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
12   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
63   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
60   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
56   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
41   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
41   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
28   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
25   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
25   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
22   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
22   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
22   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
16   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
10   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
10   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
10   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
69   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
69   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
66   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
66   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
60   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
60   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
60   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
56   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
56   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
56   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
47   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
47   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
44   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
41   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
41   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
41   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
38   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
35   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
31   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
31   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
28   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
22   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
19   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
19   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
19   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
19   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
13   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
74   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Apply adhesives to construction materials.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas.
  • Remove debris or vegetation from work sites.
  • Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces.
73   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
73   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
72   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Estimate construction project labor requirements.
  • Estimate materials requirements for projects.
69   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply paint to surfaces.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Cut carpet, vinyl or other flexible materials.
  • Drill holes in construction materials.
  • Install doors or windows.
  • Install green structural components, equipment or systems.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures.
  • Install roofing materials.
  • Install solar energy systems.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
69   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect work sites to determine condition or necessary repairs.
67   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
66   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
66   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
65   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
65   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
64   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
64   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
62   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
62   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
61   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
60   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
57   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
56   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
55   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
54   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
53   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
48   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
47   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
45   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
44   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
41   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
37   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
37   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
35   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
35   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
34   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
32   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
31   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
28   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
21   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
21   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
20   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
19   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
17   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
12   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


100     Every day
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


89     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


88     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


77     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


78     Very important results
18     Important results
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


72     Very high responsibility
20     High responsibility
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


73     Very high responsibility
18     High responsibility
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


65     Continually or almost continually
25     More than half the time
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


67     Continually or almost continually
25     More than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


41     More than half the time
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


61     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


45     Extremely important
26     Very important
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


73     Every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


15     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


61     Continually or almost continually
11     More than half the time
16     Less than half the time
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


54     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
11     About half the time
20     Less than half the time
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


39     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


46     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


65     Constant contact with others
32     Occasional contact with others
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


28     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


39     Extremely important
11     Important
15     Fairly important
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


14     More than half the time
24     Less than half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


44     A lot of freedom
26     Some freedom
12     Limited freedom
18     Very little freedom
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


50     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Never
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


19     Every day
58     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


18     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


14     Some freedom
19     Limited freedom
17     Very little freedom
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


60     Every day
19     Never
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


18     Extremely important
40     Very important
42     Important
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


18     Extremely important
48     Very important
23     Important
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


32     Extremely serious
35     Serious
11     Fairly serious
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


31     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


26     Extremely important
66     Important
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


37     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


31     More than 40 hours
59     40 hours
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


35     Highly competitive
50     Moderately competitive
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


11     Extremely important
51     Very important
16     Important
19     Not important at all
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


56     Every day
42     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


12     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
59     Once a month or more but not every week
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


11     Seasonal (only during certain times of the year)
82     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


18     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


18     Continually or almost continually
16     More than half the time
38     Less than half the time
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


32     Every day
25     Once a year or more but not every month
42     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


50     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


34     Once a year or more but not every month
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


18     Moderately automated
32     Slightly automated
37     Not at all automated
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


15     Continually or almost continually
43     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


16     Once a week or more but not every day
69     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


44     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


12     Every day
85     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
88     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


82     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


97     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


99     Never

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   High school diploma or equivalent Help
34   Less than high school diploma
14   Post-secondary certificate Help

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
72   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
70   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
66   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
66   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
66   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
63   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
63   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
60   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
60   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
58   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
57   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
57   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
57   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
50   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
48   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
48   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
39   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
28   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

back to top

Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2044.00 Tile and Marble Setters
47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook   Green Occupation Green
47-2053.00 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers
47-2121.00 Glaziers
47-2132.00 Insulation Workers, Mechanical   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
47-2142.00 Paperhangers
47-2161.00 Plasterers and Stucco Masons
47-2171.00 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers Bright Outlook
47-3012.00 Helpers--Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-4031.00 Fence Erectors Bright Outlook

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $17.08 hourly, $35,520 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 133,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 42,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (70% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Roofers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

back to top