Summary Report for:
49-9052.00 - Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers
Install and repair telecommunications cable, including fiber optics.
Sample of reported job titles: Cable Splicer, Cable Technician, Cable Television Technician (CATV Technician), Combination Technician, Field Service Technician, Installation and Repair Technician (I & R Technician), Installer, Lineman, Outside Plant Technician, Service Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Travel to customers' premises to install, maintain, or repair audio and visual electronic reception equipment or accessories.
- Inspect or test lines or cables, recording and analyzing test results, to assess transmission characteristics and locate faults or malfunctions.
- Splice cables, using hand tools, epoxy, or mechanical equipment.
- Measure signal strength at utility poles, using electronic test equipment.
- Set up service for customers, installing, connecting, testing, or adjusting equipment.
- Place insulation over conductors or seal splices with moisture-proof covering.
- Access specific areas to string lines or install terminal boxes, auxiliary equipment, or appliances, using bucket trucks, or by climbing poles or ladders, or entering tunnels, trenches, or crawl spaces.
- String cables between structures and lines from poles, towers, or trenches and pull lines to proper tension.
- Install equipment such as amplifiers or repeaters to maintain the strength of communications transmissions.
- Lay underground cable directly in trenches or string it through conduits running through trenches.
- Pull up cable by hand from large reels mounted on trucks; then pull lines through ducts by hand or with winches.
- Clean or maintain tools or test equipment.
- Explain cable service to subscribers after installation and collect any installation fees that are due.
- Compute impedance of wires from poles to houses to determine additional resistance needed for reducing signals to desired levels.
- Use a variety of construction equipment to complete installations, such as digger derricks, trenchers, or cable plows.
- Dig trenches for underground wires or cables.
- Dig holes for power poles, using power augers or shovels, set poles in place with cranes, and hoist poles upright, using winches.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Articulating boom lift — Bucket trucks
- Banders — Cable tie guns
- Boring machines — Borers
- Cable reels — Cable trees; Motorized cable reels
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Derricks — Digger derricks
- Diagonal cut pliers — Dikes
- Electrical power sensors — Cable locators
- Electronic measuring probes — Probe picks
- Extension pole — Gopher poles
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hex keys — Hex sets
- Ladders — Extension ladders
- Leak testing equipment — Signal leakage detectors
- Level meter — Signal level meters
- Levels — Bubble levels; Torpedo levels
- Light bulb changer — Lamp extractors
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers
- Longnose pliers
- Metal cutters — Sheet metal cutters
- Multimeters — Digital multimeters
- Needlenose pliers
- Non contact sensors — Intelligent field devices
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Power buffers — Polishing pucks
- Power drills — Cordless drills
- Power meters — Digital power meters
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punchdown tools
- Reflectometers — Optical time domain reflectometers OTDR
- Resin guns — Syringes
- Saws — Drywall saws
- Screwdrivers — Flathead screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers
- Shears — Cable slitters; Duct knives
- Sheaves or pulleys — Cable sheaves
- Signal generators — Tone generators; Tone sets; Tone tracers
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Specialty wrenches — Can wrenches
- Staple guns — Strap guns
- Stripping tools — Buffer strippers; Cable jacket strippers; Cable strippers; Sheath removal tools (see all 5 examples)
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tow trucks — Winch trucks
- Trenching machines — Cable plows; Trenchers
- Two way radios
- Videoscopes — Inspection scopes
- Wire cutters — Electricians' snips
- Wire lug crimping tool — Combo crimping tools; Wire lug crimping tools
- Wire or cable cutter — Cable cutters
- Wire wrapping tool — Wire wrap guns
Technology used in this occupation:
- Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
Detailed Work Activities
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Maintain work equipment or machinery.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Collect payments for good or services.
- Climb equipment or structures to access work areas.
- Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Dig holes or trenches.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Install audio or communications equipment.
- Measure equipment outputs.
- Lay cables to connect equipment.
- Test communications equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Analyze test or performance data to assess equipment operation.
- Move large objects using heavy equipment.
- Inspect telecommunications equipment to identify problems.
- Explain use of products or services.
- Assemble structural components.
- Calculate requirements for equipment installation or repair projects.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 81% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 89% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 85% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 63% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Telephone — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 53% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 54% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 47% responded “Extremely important.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 65% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 48% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 59% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Very important results.”
- Exposed to High Places — 33% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 52% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 42% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Standing — 51% responded “More than half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 34% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 29% responded “Extremely important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 40% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 30% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 24% responded “Extremely important.”
- Physical Proximity — 35% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 47% responded “About half the time.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 27% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 48% responded “About half the time.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|61||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: RE
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$26.18 hourly, $54,450 annual|
|Employment (2012)||135,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||41,200|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Line Installers and Repairers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.