Summary Report for:
51-2011.00 - Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers
Assemble, fit, fasten, and install parts of airplanes, space vehicles, or missiles, such as tails, wings, fuselage, bulkheads, stabilizers, landing gear, rigging and control equipment, or heating and ventilating systems.
Sample of reported job titles: A&P Technician (Airframe and Powerplant Technician), Aircraft Line Assembler, Assembler, Assembly Riveter, Fabricator, Helicopter Technician, Sheet Metal Assembler and Riveter (SMAR), Sheet Metal Mechanic, Structures Mechanic, Structures Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Align and fit structural assemblies manually, or signal crane operators to position assemblies for joining.
- Assemble prefabricated parts to form subassemblies.
- Assemble, install, and connect parts, fittings, and assemblies on aircraft, using layout tools, hand tools, power tools, and fasteners such as bolts, screws, rivets, and clamps.
- Position and align subassemblies in jigs or fixtures, using measuring instruments and following blueprint lines and index points.
- Cut, trim, file, bend, and smooth parts, and verify sizes and fitting tolerances in order to ensure proper fit and clearance of parts.
- Read and interpret blueprints, illustrations, and specifications to determine layouts, sequences of operations, or identities and relationships of parts.
- Align, fit, assemble, connect, or install system components, using jigs, fixtures, measuring instruments, hand tools, or power tools.
- Join structural assemblies, such as wings, tails, or fuselage.
- Layout and mark reference points and locations for installation of parts or components, using jigs, templates, or measuring and marking instruments.
- Adjust, repair, rework, or replace parts and assemblies to eliminate malfunctions and to ensure proper operation.
- Attach brackets, hinges, or clips to secure or support components or subassemblies, using bolts, screws, rivets, chemical bonding, or welding.
- Inspect or test installed units, parts, systems, or assemblies for fit, alignment, performance, defects, or compliance with standards, using measuring instruments or test equipment.
- Fit and fasten sheet metal coverings to surface areas or other sections of aircraft prior to welding or riveting.
- Clean, oil, or coat system components as necessary before assembly or attachment.
- Set, align, adjust, or synchronize aircraft armament or rigging or control system components to established tolerances or requirements using sighting devices and hand tools.
- Install and connect control cables to electronically controlled units, using hand tools, ring locks, cotter keys, threaded connectors, turnbuckles, and related devices.
- Fabricate parts needed for assembly or installation, using shop machinery or equipment.
- Set up or operate machines or systems to crimp, cut, bend, form, swage, flare, bead, burr, or straighten tubing, according to specifications.
- Weld tubing and fittings or solder cable ends, using tack-welders, induction brazing chambers, or other equipment.
- Install mechanical linkages and actuators, and verify tension of cables, using tensiometers.
- Verify dimensions of cable assemblies or positions of fittings, using measuring instruments.
- Mark identifying information on tubing or cable assemblies, using etching devices, labels, rubber stamps, or other methods.
- Select and install accessories in swaging machines, using hand tools.
- Form loops or splices in cables, using clamps and fittings, or reweave cable strands.
- Cut cables and tubing, using master templates, measuring instruments, and cable cutters or saws.
- Swage fittings onto cables, using swaging machines.
- Assemble prototypes or integrated-technology demonstrators of new or emerging environmental technologies for aircraft.
- Capture or segregate waste material, such as aluminum swarf, machine cutting fluid, or solvents, for recycling or environmentally responsible disposal.
- Clean aircraft structures, parts, or components, using aqueous, semi-aqueous, aliphatic hydrocarbon, or organic solvent cleaning products or techniques to reduce carbon or other harmful emissions.
- Monitor robotic assembly equipment, such as snake-arm robots, used to assemble, seal, or swage aircraft structures.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Bearing fitting tool kits — Bearing installation tools
- Box end wrenches — Ratcheting box wrenches
- Calipers — Dial calipers
- Deburring tool — Burring tools
- Desktop computers
- Ear muffs — Protective ear muffs
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- Guide jig — Material guiding jigs; Trunnion centering tools
- Hand clamps
- Hand reamer — Line reamers
- Height gauges — Pin protrusion gauges
- Hoists — Power hoists
- Hydraulic press brake — Metal bending equipment
- Metal markers or holders — Electrochemical etching devices
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Milling machines
- Nut drivers — Nut wrenches
- Offset screw driver — Offset screwdrivers
- Pick or place robots — Assembly robots
- Pipe bending mandrel — Pipe bending mandrels
- Pneumatic drill — Pneumatic drills
- Positioning jig — First assembly jigs
- Power drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power riveter — Rivet guns
- Power saws
- Power screwguns
- Protective gloves — Anti-vibration gloves; Safety gloves
- Rivet tools — Alligator jaw compression riveters; Autoriveters; Metal bucking bars; Recoilless rivet hammers (see all 6 examples)
- Rolling press — Beading tools
- Safety glasses
- Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers
- Sealant adhesive robots — Adhesive application robots
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Arc welding equipment
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Spanner wrenches
- Specialty wrenches — Case wrenches; Gear shaft wrenches; Input wrenches; Spline key wrenches (see all 6 examples)
- Spot welding machine — Spot welding equipment; Tack welding equipment
- Swaging tools — Bearing staking tools
- Taper pin reamer — Precision tapered reamers
- Templates — Drafting templates; Mylar index templates; Setup templates
- Thickness measuring devices — Thickness gauges
- Torque wrenches — Fuel control wrenches; Torque drivers; Trunnion wrenches
- Track cranes — Overhead cranes
- Tube end finisher — Tube crimping tools
- Ultrasonic examination equipment — Ultrasonic inspection equipment
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Welding robots
- Wire or cable cutter — Cable cutters
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
Detailed Work Activities
- Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
- Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
- Assemble metal structures.
- Signal others to coordinate work activities.
- Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
- Operate cutting equipment.
- Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications.
- Inspect installed components or assemblies.
- Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information.
- Assemble electrical or electronic equipment.
- Clean workpieces or finished products.
- Install mechanical components in production equipment.
- Operate welding equipment.
- Operate metal or plastic forming equipment.
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Replace worn equipment components.
- Repair parts or assemblies.
- Solder parts or workpieces.
- Connect supply lines to production equipment or tools.
- Apply lubricants or coolants to workpieces.
- Sort recyclable materials.
- Assemble electromechanical or hydraulic systems.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 98% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 94% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 81% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 45% responded “Some freedom.”
- Contact With Others — 56% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
- Consequence of Error — 21% responded “Fairly serious.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 66% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Standing — 36% responded “More than half the time.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 31% responded “Very important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 11% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 26% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 21% responded “Important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 28% responded “About half the time.”
- Physical Proximity — 47% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 22% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 28% responded “Important.”
- Electronic Mail — 24% responded “Never.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 42% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 42% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Level of Competition — 59% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 29% responded “More than half the time.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 27% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 28% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 21% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 39% responded “More than half the time.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$23.24 hourly, $48,340 annual|
|Employment (2012)||42,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||9,100|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Assemblers and Fabricators . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.