Summary Report for:
51-7021.00 - Furniture Finishers
Shape, finish, and refinish damaged, worn, or used furniture or new high-grade furniture to specified color or finish.
Sample of reported job titles: Finish Repair Worker, Furniture Finisher, Furniture Repairer, Hand Sander, Lacquer Sprayer, Sander, Sealer Sander, Sprayer, Stain Wiper, Utility Spray Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Mix finish ingredients to obtain desired colors or shades.
- Brush, spray, or hand-rub finishing ingredients, such as paint, oil, stain, or wax, onto and into wood grain and apply lacquer or other sealers.
- Smooth, shape, and touch up surfaces to prepare them for finishing, using sandpaper, pumice stones, steel wool, chisels, sanders, or grinders.
- Select appropriate finishing ingredients such as paint, stain, lacquer, shellac, or varnish, depending on factors such as wood hardness and surface type.
- Fill and smooth cracks or depressions, remove marks and imperfections, and repair broken parts, using plastic or wood putty, glue, nails, or screws.
- Distress surfaces with woodworking tools or abrasives before staining to create an antique appearance, or rub surfaces to bring out highlights and shadings.
- Examine furniture to determine the extent of damage or deterioration, and to decide on the best method for repair or restoration.
- Paint metal surfaces electrostatically, or by using a spray gun or other painting equipment.
- Recommend woods, colors, finishes, and furniture styles, using knowledge of wood products, fashions, and styles.
- Remove old finishes and damaged or deteriorated parts, using hand tools, stripping tools, sandpaper, steel wool, abrasives, solvents, or dip baths.
- Follow blueprints to produce specific designs.
- Disassemble items to prepare them for finishing, using hand tools.
- Wash surfaces to prepare them for finish application.
- Remove accessories prior to finishing, and mask areas that should not be exposed to finishing processes or substances.
- Treat warped or stained surfaces to restore original contours and colors.
- Confer with customers to determine furniture colors or finishes.
- Replace or refurbish upholstery of items, using tacks, adhesives, softeners, solvents, stains, or polish.
- Remove excess solvent, using cloths soaked in paint thinner.
- Stencil, gild, emboss, mark, or paint designs or borders to reproduce the original appearance of restored pieces, or to decorate new pieces.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable handwrenches
- Air compressors
- Belt sander — Belt sanders
- Cleaning brushes — Scrubbing brushes
- Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels
- Domestic clothing irons — Steam irons
- Drying cabinets or ovens — Baking ovens
- Flat hand file — Flat hand files
- Hacksaw — Mini hacksaws
- Hammers — Finishing hammers
- Hand clamps — Adjustable hand clamps
- Hand sprayers — Spray guns
- Heat guns
- Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks
- Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
- Minivans or vans — Work vans
- Offset socket wrenches — Offset socket wrench sets
- Orbital sander — Orbital sanders
- Paint brushes — Grain combs; Multipurpose paintbrushes; Overgrainers; Pencil brushes
- Paint mixers — Paint agitators; Power paint mixers
- Paint rollers
- Paint sprayers — Computer numerically control CNC spray painting machines; Electrostatic spray guns; Power paint sprayers
- Power buffers — Electric buffers
- Power drills — Cordless power drills
- Power grinders
- Power nail guns — Automatic nail guns
- Power planes — Power planers
- Power sanders
- Power screwguns — Power screwdrivers
- Pressure or steam cleaners — High pressure water sprayers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Nail punches
- Putty knives
- Respirators — Canister-type face masks; Protective respirators
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets; Soft mallets
- Sanding machines — Stroke sanders
- Saws — Handsaws
- Scrapers for paint application — Paint scrapers
- Screwdrivers — Multipurpose screwdrivers
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Oil stones
- Spanner wrenches
- Squares — Layout squares
- Storage tanks — Dipping tanks
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tumblers or polishers — Barrel tumblers
- Wedges — Timber wedges
- Wet mops — Mop brushes
- Wood chisels — Spokeshaves
Technology used in this occupation:
No knowledge met the minimum score.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
Detailed Work Activities
- Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
- Mix ingredients to create specific finishes.
- Select production input materials.
- Advise others on ways to improve processes or products.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Clean workpieces or finished products.
- Operate painting or coating equipment.
- Remove accessories, tools, or other parts from equipment.
- Operate grinding equipment.
- Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
- Shape surfaces or edges of wood workpieces.
- Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications.
- Repair furniture or upholstery.
- Exposed to Contaminants — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 89% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 89% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 59% responded “Extremely important.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 73% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 54% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 42% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 30% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 42% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 47% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Contact With Others — 25% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 58% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 20% responded “Minor results.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 27% responded “Never.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 62% responded “40 hours.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 54% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Consequence of Error — 43% responded “Very serious.”
- Physical Proximity — 32% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 41% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 30% responded “Extremely important.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 37% responded “Never.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 28% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
|Title||Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed|
|Education||Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.|
|Related Experience||Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.|
|SVP Range||(Below 4.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|58||Less than high school diploma|
|42||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: RA
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$13.85 hourly, $28,810 annual|
|Employment (2014)||17,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||3,000|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Woodworkers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.