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Summary Report for:
51-9121.00 - Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

Set up, operate, or tend machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products, including glassware, cloth, ceramics, metal, plastic, paper, or wood, with lacquer, silver, copper, rubber, varnish, glaze, enamel, oil, or rust-proofing materials.

Sample of reported job titles: Coater Adjuster, Coater Operator, Hand Sprayer, Industrial Painter, Machine Operator, Painter, Powder Coater, Press Operator, Silk Screen Operator, Spray Painter

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Observe machine gauges and equipment operation to detect defects or deviations from standards, and make adjustments as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine paint flow, viscosity, and coating quality by performing visual inspections, or by using viscometers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Weigh or measure chemicals, coatings, or paints before adding them to machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select appropriate coatings, paints, or sprays, or prepare them by mixing substances according to formulas, using automated paint mixing equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up and operate machines to paint or coat products with such materials as silver and copper solution, rubber, paint, glaze, oil, or rustproofing materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Turn dials, handwheels, valves, or switches to regulate conveyor speeds, machine temperature, air pressure and circulation, and the flow or spray of coatings or paints. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start and stop operation of machines, using levers or buttons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record operational data on specified forms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start pumps to mix solutions and fill tanks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate auxiliary machines or equipment used in coating or painting processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill hoppers, reservoirs, troughs, or pans with material used to coat, paint, or spray, using conveyors or pails. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform test runs to ensure that equipment is set up properly. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean machines, related equipment, and work areas, using water, solvents and other cleaning aids. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Thread or feed items or products through or around machine rollers and dryers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach hoses or nozzles to machines, using wrenches and pliers, and make adjustments to obtain the proper dispersion of spray. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove materials, parts, or workpieces from painting or coating machines, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transfer completed items or products from machines to drying or storage areas, using handcarts, handtrucks, or cranes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach and align machine parts such as rollers, guides, brushes, and blades, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine, measure, weigh, or test sample products to ensure conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Hold or position spray guns to direct spray onto articles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place items or products on feedracks, spindles, or reel strands to coat, paint, or spray them, using hands, hoists, or truck lifts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and apply stencils, computer-generated decals, or other decorative items to finished products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Paint small items and perform touch-up painting, using paint brushes. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Abrasive discs — Abrasive disc wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Atomizers — Rotary atomizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Gas torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coating machines — Product coating machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compressed air gun — Compressed air systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gravity pump — Airless gravity pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Handcarts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Electric hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint application system — Electrostatic paint systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Specialized paint brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint mixers — Automated paint mixing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Air-assisted spraying systems; High volume low pressure HVLP spray guns; Low volume high pressure LVHP sprayers; Paint spray guns (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Steam cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators — Protective respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sand blasting machine — Sand blasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slip joint pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermal spray machine — Thermal spray systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vehicle lift — Trucklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Viscosimeters — Paint viscometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — Wire cleaning brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Workshop cranes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Materials requirement planning MRP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — Time recording software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix ingredients to create specific finishes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select production input materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weigh finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load materials into production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate painting or coating equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate mixing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Feed materials or products into or through equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate pumping systems or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position raw materials on processing or production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Connect supply lines to production equipment or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect finishes of workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test chemical or physical characteristics of materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct test runs of production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Attach decorative or functional accessories to products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move products, materials, or equipment between work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 93% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 86% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 60% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 54% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 53% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 46% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 49% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 40% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 34% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 39% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 33% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 32% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 38% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 30% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
49   High school diploma or equivalent Help
35   Less than high school diploma
16   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $15.13 hourly, $31,460 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 84,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 15,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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