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Summary Report for:
51-9124.00 - Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

Set up, operate, or tend spraying or rolling machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products, including glassware, cloth, ceramics, metal, plastic, paper, or wood, with lacquer, silver, copper, rubber, varnish, glaze, enamel, oil, or rust-proofing materials. Includes painters of transportation vehicles such as painters in auto body repair facilities.

The occupation code you requested, 51-9121.00 (Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 51-9124.00 (Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Automotive Painter (Auto Painter), Automotive Refinish Technician (Auto Refinish Tech), Coater Operator, Hand Sprayer, Industrial Painter, Paint Technician, Powder Coater, Silk Screen Operator, Spray Painter, Top Coater

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Hold or position spray guns to direct spray onto articles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill hoppers, reservoirs, troughs, or pans with material used to coat, paint, or spray, using conveyors or pails. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start and stop operation of machines, using levers or buttons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine paint flow, viscosity, and coating quality by performing visual inspections, or by using viscometers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach hoses or nozzles to machines, using wrenches and pliers, and make adjustments to obtain the proper dispersion of spray. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Turn dials, handwheels, valves, or switches to regulate conveyor speeds, machine temperature, air pressure and circulation, and the flow or spray of coatings or paints. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Observe machine gauges and equipment operation to detect defects or deviations from standards, and make adjustments as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine, measure, weigh, or test sample products to ensure conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Thread or feed items or products through or around machine rollers and dryers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Weigh or measure chemicals, coatings, or paints before adding them to machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate auxiliary machines or equipment used in coating or painting processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove materials, parts, or workpieces from painting or coating machines, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record operational data on specified forms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and apply stencils, computer-generated decals, or other decorative items to finished products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust controls on infrared ovens, heat lamps, portable ventilators, or exhaust units to speed the drying of surfaces between coats. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply primer over any repairs made to surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply rust-resistant undercoats and caulk and seal seams. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Buff and wax the finished paintwork. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean equipment and work areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Disassemble, clean, and reassemble sprayers or power equipment, using solvents, wire brushes, and cloths. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dispose of hazardous waste in an appropriate manner. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill small dents or scratches with body fillers and smooth surfaces to prepare for painting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix paints to match color specifications or original colors, stirring or thinning paints, using spatulas or power mixing equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor painting operations to identify flaws, such as blisters or streaks, and correct their causes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate lifting or moving devices to move equipment or materials to access areas to be painted. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove grease, dirt, paint, or rust from surfaces in preparation for paint application, using abrasives, solvents, brushes, blowtorches, washing tanks, or sandblasters. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sand and apply sealer to properly dried finish. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up portable equipment, such as ventilators, exhaust units, ladders, or scaffolding. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spray prepared surfaces with specified amounts of primers and decorative or finish coatings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Use brush to hand-paint areas in need of retouching or unreachable with a spray gun. See more occupations related to this task.

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Technology Skills

  • Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Facilities management software — Maintenance management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Industrial control software — Robotic painting software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Inventory control software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Materials requirement planning MRP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — Time recording software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Abrasive discs — Abrasive disc wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches; Adjustable wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air exhausters — Exhaust units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Atomizers — Rotary atomizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Blow torches; Gas torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coating machines — Product coating machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compressed air gun — Compressed air systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gravity pump — Airless gravity pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Handcarts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns — Hot air guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Electric hoists; Hoisting equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared lamps — Infrared drying lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Hydraulic jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders — Step ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe console or dumb terminals — Computer terminals See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manlift or personnel lift — Manlift buckets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint application system — Electrostatic paint systems; Paint booths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Paint application brushes; Specialized paint brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint mixers — Automated paint mixing equipment; Power paint mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint robots — Robotic paint equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint rollers — Paint application rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — High volume low pressure HVLP spray guns; Low volume high pressure LVHP sprayers; Paint spray guns; Paint sprayguns (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Portable buffers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power riveter — Rivet guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Steam cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators — Protective respirators; Respiratory protection equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sand blasting machine — Sand blasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slip joint pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stencils or lettering aids — Paint stencils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermal spray machine — Thermal spray systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vehicle lift — Trucklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Viscosimeters — Paint viscometers; Viscosity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — Wire cleaning brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Workshop cranes See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

No knowledge met the minimum score.

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Skills

  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load materials into production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Feed materials or products into or through equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate painting or coating equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect finishes of workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Connect supply lines to production equipment or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Attach decorative or functional accessories to products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weigh finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare surfaces for finishing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dispose of trash or waste materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix ingredients to create specific finishes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 95% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 20% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 11% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 18% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 12% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 52% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 30% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 48% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 24% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 58% responded “Limited freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 43% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, counter and rental clerks, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
57   High school diploma or equivalent Help
37   Less than high school diploma
4   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Certifications Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests

Interest code: RCI   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2019) $18.34 hourly, $38,150 annual
State wages
Local wages
 
Employment (2019) 151,400 employees
Projected growth (2019-2029) Slower than average (1% to 2%) Slower than average (1% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2019-2029) 14,500
State trends
 
Top industries (2019)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data external site and 2019-2029 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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