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Summary Report for:
51-9194.00 - Etchers and Engravers

Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials. Includes such workers as etcher-circuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers.

Sample of reported job titles: Acid Etch Operator, Computer Engraver, Electronic Engraver Operator, Engraver, Etcher, Laser Engraver, Mechanical Engraver Operator, Metals Engraver, Photo Engraver, Screen Making Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Adjust depths and sizes of cuts by adjusting heights of worktables, or by adjusting machine-arm gauges. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Engrave and print patterns, designs, etchings, trademarks, or lettering onto flat or curved surfaces of a wide variety of metal, glass, plastic, or paper items, using hand tools or hand-held power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position and clamp workpieces, plates, or rollers in holding fixtures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine machine settings, and move bars or levers to reproduce designs on rollers or plates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine engraving for quality of cut, burrs, rough spots, and irregular or incomplete engraving. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and compute dimensions of lettering, designs, or patterns to be engraved. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start machines and lower cutting tools to beginning points on patterns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and polish engraved areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine sketches, diagrams, samples, blueprints, or photographs to decide how designs are to be etched, cut, or engraved onto workpieces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare etching chemicals according to formulas, diluting acid with water to obtain solutions of specified concentration. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Observe actions of cutting tools through microscopes and adjust stylus movement to ensure accurate reproduction. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Reduce artwork to be used, using reduction cameras. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sandblast exposed areas of glass to cut designs in surfaces, using spray guns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set reduction scales to attain specified sizes of reproduction on workpieces, and set pantograph controls for required heights, depths, and widths of cuts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Neutralize workpieces to remove acid, wax, or enamel, using water, solvents, brushes, or specialized machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect etched work for depth of etching, uniformity, and defects, using calibrated microscopes, gauges, fingers, or magnifying lenses. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare workpieces for etching or engraving by cutting, sanding, cleaning, polishing, or treating them with wax, acid resist, lime, etching powder, or light-sensitive enamel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Insert cutting tools or bits into machines and secure them with wrenches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Print proofs or examine designs to verify accuracy of engraving, and rework engraving as required. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transfer image to workpiece, using contact printer, pantograph stylus, silkscreen printing device, or stamp pad. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sketch, trace, or scribe layout lines and designs on workpieces, plates, dies, or rollers, using compasses, scribers, gravers, or pencils. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Guide stylus over template, causing cutting tool to duplicate design or letters on workpiece. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove completed workpieces and place them in trays. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Carve designs and letters onto metal for transfer to other surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select and insert required templates into pattern frames beneath the stylus of a machine cutting tool or router. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut outlines of impressions with gravers, and remove excess material with knives. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill etched characters with opaque paste to improve readability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Brush or wipe acid over engraving to darken or highlight inscriptions. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Applicator brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Arbors — Hand arbors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench grinder — Bench grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench vises See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Binocular benchtop microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Burnisher — Burnishing tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coating machines — Whirler machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Drafting compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cross and straight pein hammer — Chasing hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Benchtop drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Engravers — Gravers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding or polishing machines — Polishing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Horizontal turning center — Engraving lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ink or stamp pads — Stamp pads See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnifiers — Magnifying lenses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnifying lamp — Magnifying lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal engraving machine — Automatic feeding eyelet machines; Laser engraving systems; Pantograph engraving machines; Rotary engraving machines (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint systems ovens — Curing ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Precision file sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printed circuit board making system — Reduction cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Precision rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses — Protective glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers — Scriber markers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Semiconductor process systems — Contact printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Sheet metal shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shot blasting machine — Sandblasting spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Silk screen printing machines — Silkscreen printing devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultraviolet UV lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Work benches — Work tables See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Computer aided design CAD and computer aided manufacturing CAM system — Computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing CAD/CAM engraving software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — Delcam ArtCAM Express; Gravograph GravoStyle; Western Engravers Supply Vision EXPERT See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspected printed materials or other images to verify quality. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix substances to create chemical solutions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate photographic developing or print production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cutting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Set equipment controls to meet cutting specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine production equipment settings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect finishes of workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position patterns on equipment, materials, or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply solutions to production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate equipment to print images or bind printed images together. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 89% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 84% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 82% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 81% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 72% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 18% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 13% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Degree of Automation — 22% responded “Moderately automated.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 19% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 13% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 13% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 72% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 75% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 17% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 14% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
47   High school diploma or equivalent Help
27   Less than high school diploma
25   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $14.06 hourly, $29,250 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 10,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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