Summary Report for:
51-9195.07 - Molding and Casting Workers
Perform a variety of duties such as mixing materials, assembling mold parts, filling molds, and stacking molds to mold and cast a wide range of products.
Sample of reported job titles: Bed Laborer, Caster, Fabricator, Injection Molding Machine Operator, Machine Operator, Mold Mechanic, Molder, Molding Line Assistant, Molding Line Operator, Press Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Brush or spray mold surfaces with parting agents or insert paper into molds to ensure smoothness and prevent sticking or seepage.
- Clean, finish, and lubricate molds and mold parts.
- Separate models or patterns from molds and examine products for accuracy.
- Pour, pack, spread, or press plaster, concrete, liquid plastic, or other materials into or around models or molds.
- Operate and adjust controls of heating equipment to melt material or to cure, dry, or bake filled molds.
- Read work orders or examine parts to determine parts or sections of products to be produced.
- Load or stack filled molds in ovens, dryers, or curing boxes, or on storage racks or carts.
- Set the proper operating temperature for each casting.
- Measure and cut products to specified dimensions, using measuring and cutting instruments.
- Remove excess materials and level and smooth wet mold mixtures.
- Melt metal pieces, using torches, and cast products, such as inlays and crowns, using centrifugal casting machines.
- Select sizes and types of molds according to instructions.
- Trim or remove excess material, using scrapers, knives, or band saws.
- Align and assemble parts to produce completed products, using gauges and hand tools.
- Withdraw cores or other loose mold members after castings solidify.
- Bore holes or cut grates, risers, or pouring spouts in molds, using power tools.
- Construct or form molds for use in casting metal, clay, or plaster objects, using plaster, fiberglass, rubber, casting machines, patterns, or flasks.
- Verify dimensions of products, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, vernier gauges, or protractors.
- Tap or tilt molds to ensure uniform distribution of materials.
- Patch broken edges or fractures, using clay or plaster.
- Locate and scribe parting lines on patterns, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, squares, or depth gauges.
- Smooth surfaces of molds, using scraping tools or sandpaper.
- Measure ingredients and mix molding, casting material, or sealing compounds to prescribed consistencies, according to formulas.
- Assemble, insert, and adjust wires, tubes, cores, fittings, rods, or patterns into molds, using hand tools and depth gauges.
- Repair mold defects, such as cracks or broken edges, using patterns, mold boxes, or hand tools.
- Engrave or stamp identifying symbols, letters, or numbers on products.
- Place forms around models and separately immerse each half portion of a model in plaster, wax, or other mold-making materials.
- Operate molding machines that compact sand in flasks to form molds.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Belt conveyors
- Blow molding machines — Extrusion blow molding machines; Squeeze molding machines; Stretch blow molding machines
- Blow torch — Propane torches
- C clamps
- Calipers — Dial calipers; Vernier calipers
- Casting machines — Centrifugal casting machines; Continuous casting machines; Die casting machines
- Cleaning scrapers
- Core drying ovens — Drying oven units
- Dehydrating machinery — Rotary dryers
- Desktop computers
- Die casting machine — Compressing machines
- Floor or platform scales — Industrial platform scales
- Foundry crucibles — Melting kettles
- Foundry flasks — Foundry molding flasks
- Foundry ladles — Hand ladles
- Foundry molds — Foundry mold boxes
- Grease guns
- Grinding machines
- Hold down clamps — Holding clamps
- Injection molding machines
- Mainframe console or dumb terminals — Computer terminals
- Metal band sawing machine — Band saws
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Pulverizing machinery — Pulverizers
- Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers
- Squares — Combination squares
- Thickness measuring devices — Depth gauges
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Utility knives — Trimming knives
Technology used in this occupation:
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Detailed Work Activities
- Select production equipment according to product specifications.
- Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
- Place materials into molds.
- Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
- Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Mix substances to create chemical solutions.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Apply parting agents or other solutions to molds.
- Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators.
- Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
- Load items into ovens or furnaces.
- Clean workpieces or finished products.
- Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production.
- Stack finished items for further processing or shipment.
- Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions.
- Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Build production molds.
- Operate heating or drying equipment.
- Apply lubricants or coolants to workpieces.
- Adjust position of molds during processing.
- Remove workpieces from molds.
- Repair templates, patterns, or molds.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 81% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 63% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 58% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 62% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 51% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 49% responded “Some freedom.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 46% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 55% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Physical Proximity — 41% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 63% responded “40 hours.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 38% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 49% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 31% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 34% responded “More than half the time.”
- Consequence of Error — 32% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 37% responded “Extremely important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 28% responded “Minor results.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 39% responded “Very important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 24% responded “High responsibility.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 31% responded “Not important at all.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 51% responded “Never.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Employment data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Industry data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
|Median wages (2014)||$14.34 hourly, $29,820 annual|
|Employment (2012)||42,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||17,000|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.