Summary Report for:
51-9195.07 - Molding and Casting Workers
Perform a variety of duties such as mixing materials, assembling mold parts, filling molds, and stacking molds to mold and cast a wide range of products.
Sample of reported job titles: Bed Laborer, Caster, Fabricator, Injection Molding Machine Operator, Machine Operator, Mold Mechanic, Molder, Molding Line Assistant, Molding Line Operator, Press Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Read work orders or examine parts to determine parts or sections of products to be produced.
- Trim or remove excess material, using scrapers, knives, or band saws.
- Pour, pack, spread, or press plaster, concrete, liquid plastic, or other materials into or around models or molds.
- Engrave or stamp identifying symbols, letters, or numbers on products.
- Brush or spray mold surfaces with parting agents or insert paper into molds to ensure smoothness and prevent sticking or seepage.
- Assemble, insert, and adjust wires, tubes, cores, fittings, rods, or patterns into molds, using hand tools and depth gauges.
- Clean, finish, and lubricate molds and mold parts.
- Separate models or patterns from molds and examine products for accuracy.
- Set the proper operating temperature for each casting.
- Load or stack filled molds in ovens, dryers, or curing boxes, or on storage racks or carts.
- Align and assemble parts to produce completed products, using gauges and hand tools.
- Operate and adjust controls of heating equipment to melt material or to cure, dry, or bake filled molds.
- Select sizes and types of molds according to instructions.
- Withdraw cores or other loose mold members after castings solidify.
- Patch broken edges or fractures, using clay or plaster.
- Repair mold defects, such as cracks or broken edges, using patterns, mold boxes, or hand tools.
- Measure and cut products to specified dimensions, using measuring and cutting instruments.
- Smooth surfaces of molds, using scraping tools or sandpaper.
- Measure ingredients and mix molding, casting material, or sealing compounds to prescribed consistencies, according to formulas.
- Remove excess materials and level and smooth wet mold mixtures.
- Operate molding machines that compact sand in flasks to form molds.
- Place forms around models and separately immerse each half portion of a model in plaster, wax, or other mold-making materials.
- Verify dimensions of products, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, vernier gauges, or protractors.
- Construct or form molds for use in casting metal, clay, or plaster objects, using plaster, fiberglass, rubber, casting machines, patterns, or flasks.
- Bore holes or cut grates, risers, or pouring spouts in molds, using power tools.
- Locate and scribe parting lines on patterns, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, squares, or depth gauges.
- Tap or tilt molds to ensure uniform distribution of materials.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Belt conveyors
- Blow molding machines — Extrusion blow molding machines; Squeeze molding machines; Stretch blow molding machines
- Blow torch — Propane torches
- C clamps
- Calipers — Dial calipers; Vernier calipers
- Casting machines — Centrifugal casting machines; Continuous casting machines; Die casting machines
- Cleaning scrapers
- Core drying ovens — Drying oven units
- Dehydrating machinery — Rotary dryers
- Desktop computers
- Die casting machine — Compressing machines
- Floor or platform scales — Industrial platform scales
- Foundry crucibles — Melting kettles
- Foundry flasks — Foundry molding flasks
- Foundry ladles — Hand ladles
- Foundry molds — Foundry mold boxes
- Grease guns
- Grinding machines
- Hold down clamps — Holding clamps
- Injection molding machines
- Mainframe console or dumb terminals — Computer terminals
- Metal band sawing machine — Band saws
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Pulverizing machinery — Pulverizers
- Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers
- Squares — Combination squares
- Thickness measuring devices — Depth gauges
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Utility knives — Trimming knives
Technology used in this occupation:
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Detailed Work Activities
- Select production equipment according to product specifications.
- Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
- Place materials into molds.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Mix substances to create chemical solutions.
- Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
- Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes.
- Apply parting agents or other solutions to molds.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators.
- Clean workpieces or finished products.
- Load items into ovens or furnaces.
- Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production.
- Stack finished items for further processing or shipment.
- Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
- Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
- Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Operate heating or drying equipment.
- Build production molds.
- Adjust position of molds during processing.
- Apply lubricants or coolants to workpieces.
- Remove workpieces from molds.
- Repair templates, patterns, or molds.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 78% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 69% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 45% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 43% responded “Extremely important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 51% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 57% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 40% responded “More than half the time.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 39% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 35% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 28% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 34% responded “Very important.”
- Physical Proximity — 34% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 37% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 37% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Consequence of Error — 30% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 32% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 37% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 28% responded “Moderately competitive.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|57||High school diploma or equivalent|
|28||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Employment data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Industry data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
|Median wages (2014)||$14.34 hourly, $29,820 annual|
|Employment (2012)||42,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||17,000|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.