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Details Report for:
19-4091.00 - Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health

Perform laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health, under the direction of an environmental scientist, engineer, or other specialist. May collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing.

Sample of reported job titles: Environmental Health Specialist, Environmental Specialist, Environmental Technician, Laboratory Specialist, Laboratory Technician, Process Laboratory Specialist, Public Health Sanitarian, Sanitarian, Water Quality Analyst, Water Quality Specialist

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
81   Core
Discuss test results and analyses with customers.  Green Task Statement
76   Core
Record test data and prepare reports, summaries, or charts that interpret test results.  Green Task Statement
75   Core
Develop or implement programs for monitoring of environmental pollution or radiation.  Green Task Statement
74   Core
Investigate hazardous conditions or spills or outbreaks of disease or food poisoning, collecting samples for analysis.  Green Task Statement
72   Core
Calibrate microscopes or test instruments.  Green Task Statement
69   Core
Provide information or technical or program assistance to government representatives, employers, or the general public on the issues of public health, environmental protection, or workplace safety.  Green Task Statement
66   Core
Collect samples of gases, soils, water, industrial wastewater, or asbestos products to conduct tests on pollutant levels or identify sources of pollution.  Green Task Statement
66   Core
Monitor emission control devices to ensure they are operating properly and comply with state and federal regulations.  Green Task Statement
64   Core
Inspect sanitary conditions at public facilities.  Green Task Statement
63   Core
Examine and analyze material for presence and concentration of contaminants, such as asbestos, using variety of microscopes.  Green Task Statement
63   Core
Inspect workplaces to ensure the absence of health and safety hazards, such as high noise levels, radiation, or potential lighting hazards.  Green Task Statement
62   Core
Develop or implement site recycling or hazardous waste stream programs.  Green Task Statement
61   Core
Perform statistical analysis of environmental data.  Green Task Statement
61   Core
Analyze potential environmental impacts of production process changes and recommend steps to mitigate negative impacts.  Green Task Statement
61   Core
Set up equipment or stations to monitor and collect pollutants from sites, such as smoke stacks, manufacturing plants, or mechanical equipment.  Green Task Statement
60   Core
Make recommendations to control or eliminate unsafe conditions at workplaces or public facilities.  Green Task Statement
60   Core
Distribute permits, closure plans, or cleanup plans.  Green Task Statement
57   Core
Maintain files, such as hazardous waste databases, chemical usage data, personnel exposure information, or diagrams showing equipment locations.  Green Task Statement
53   Core
Calculate amount of pollutant in samples or compute air pollution or gas flow in industrial processes, using chemical and mathematical formulas.  Green Task Statement
67   Supplemental
Direct activities of workers in laboratory.  Green Task Statement
63   Supplemental
Weigh, analyze, or measure collected sample particles, such as lead, coal dust, or rock to determine concentration of pollutants.  Green Task Statement
63   Supplemental
Initiate procedures to close down or fine establishments violating environmental or health regulations.  Green Task Statement
61   Supplemental
Prepare samples or photomicrographs for testing and analysis.  Green Task Statement
61   Supplemental
Determine amounts and kinds of chemicals to use in destroying harmful organisms or removing impurities from purification systems.  Green Task Statement
55   Supplemental
Develop testing procedures.  Green Task Statement
48   Supplemental
Conduct standardized tests to ensure materials or supplies used throughout power supply systems meet processing and safety specifications.  Green Task Statement

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — FishXing; Flood modeling software; HEC RAS; Visual OTTHYMO (see all 7 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Autodesk Softdesk
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Microsoft Access Hot technology
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software Hot technology ; ESRI ArcView; Geomechanical design analysis GDA software; Trimble GPS Pathfinder Office (see all 7 examples)
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Air pollutant samplers — Digital hand meters; Handheld laser particle counters; Particulate monitors
  • Air samplers or collectors — Air sampling impingers; Bioaerosol impactors; Indoor air quality IAQ monitors; Particulate samplers (see all 6 examples)
  • Air sampling pumps — Air sampling primary flow calibrators; Area sampling pumps; Sequential air samplers
  • Air velocity and temperature monitors — Air current test kits; Velometers
  • Anemometers — Velocity meters
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Centrifuges
  • Binocular light compound microscopes
  • Chemical absorption gas analyzers — Passive samplers for organic vapors
  • Colorimeters — Colorimetric field sampling devices
  • Darkfield microscopes — Phase contrast microscopes
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Sewer surveillance cameras
  • Digital cameras
  • Flame ionization analyzers — Flame ionization detectors FID
  • Flowmeters — Electronic pump calibrators; Flow monitoring equipment; Pilot tubes; Pump flowmeters
  • Gas detector tubes — Detector tubes; Freon detectors; Halogen leak detectors
  • Graphics tablets — Digitizing tablets
  • Hydrocarbons analyzers or detectors — Chlorinated hydrocarbon testing equipment; Halide meters
  • Hygrometers — Humidity sticks
  • Ion analyzers — Photoionization detectors PID
  • Laboratory bailers — Water sampling bailers
  • Laboratory diluters — Dilution systems
  • Laser printers
  • Logging instruments for water wells — Interface probes; Water well depth meters
  • Luxmeters
  • Manometers — Micromanometers
  • Microscope slides
  • Moisture meters — Carpet sampling pump kits
  • Multi gas monitors — Landfill gas collection systems; Landfill gas detection systems
  • Nephelometers
  • Notebook computers
  • Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
  • Open stream water level recorders — Water level recorders
  • Oxygen generators — Zero air generators
  • Ozone generator — Ozone generators
  • Paint tester — Lead surface sampling kits
  • Peristaltic pumps
  • Permeability testing apparatus — Infiltrometers
  • Personal computers — Pocket personal computers PC
  • pH meters
  • Plotter printers — Large-format plotters
  • Polarizing microscopes — Polarized light microscopes
  • Portable data input terminals — Field data collection computers
  • Radon detectors — Radon detection devices
  • Salinity meter — Salinity meters
  • Sampling pumps — Centrifugal water sampling pumps; Low-flow pumps; Purge pumps; Water sample extraction pumps (see all 6 examples)
  • Single gas monitors — Carbon monoxide monitors; CO2 monitors
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Soil augers
  • Soil testing kits — Lead soil sampling kits; Soil vapor extraction units
  • Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Noise dosimeters; Noise logging analyzers; Noise monitoring instruments; Sound level meters
  • Spectrophotometers
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclaves
  • Still cameras — 35 millimeter cameras
  • Vibration testers — Vibration monitors
  • Water analyzers — Chloride test kits; Hach field kits; Water chemistry analysis equipment
  • Water samplers — Lead water sampling kits; Water sample extraction tubes; Water sampling augers; Water sampling pumps

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
77 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
74 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
68 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
66 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
65 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
65 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
61 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
59 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
57 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
57 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
56 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
52 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
50 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
50 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
48 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
48 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
42 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
40 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
40 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
38 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
35 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
33 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
33 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
29 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
26 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
26 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
26 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
21 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
18 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
18 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
8 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
2 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
69 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
66 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
66 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
60 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
56 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
53 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
47 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
35 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
35 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
28 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
28 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
25 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
16 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
69 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
56 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
53 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
47 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
47 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
44 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
44 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
41 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
41 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
38 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
38 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
31 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
31 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
28 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
28 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
28 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
28 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
25 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
25 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
25 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
25 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
13 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
10 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
86 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
85 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
80 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
80 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
79 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
74 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
74 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
72 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
71 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
71 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
69 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
69 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
67 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
67 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
65 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
65 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
60 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
60 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
59 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
59 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
58 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
58 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
57 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
55 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
51 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
50 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
49 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
48 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
47 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
46 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
44 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
43 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
42 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
41 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
38 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
37 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
35 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
32 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
31 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
27 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Confer with clients to exchange information.
  • Record research or operational data.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Develop environmental sustainability plans or projects.
  • Direct natural resources management or conservation programs.
  • Calibrate scientific or technical equipment.
  • Advise others on matters of public policy.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
  • Assess compliance with environmental laws.
  • Collect environmental data or samples.
  • Inspect equipment to ensure proper functioning.
  • Inspect areas for compliance with sanitation standards.
  • Analyze chemical compounds or substances.
  • Analyze geological samples.
  • Analyze environmental data.
  • Research environmental impact of industrial or development activities.
  • Set up laboratory or field equipment.
  • Determine methods to minimize environmental impact of activities.
  • Prepare biological samples for testing or analysis.
  • Advise others on business or operational matters.
  • Prepare documentation for permits or licenses.
  • Develop environmental research methods.
  • Test quality of materials or finished products.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


91     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


86     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


86     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


45     Extremely important
41     Very important
14     Important
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


52     Every day
33     Once a week or more but not every day
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


36     Every day
50     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


32     Constant contact with others
50     Contact with others most of the time
18     Contact with others about half the time
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


29     Every day
57     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


23     Every day
64     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


41     Extremely important
36     Very important
14     Important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


50     More than 40 hours
50     40 hours
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


27     Every day
41     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


27     Extremely important
41     Very important
18     Important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


18     Very important results
45     Important results
27     Moderate results
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


27     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


33     Every day
33     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


14     A lot of freedom
55     Some freedom
14     Limited freedom
18     Very little freedom
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


32     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


27     Very high responsibility
23     High responsibility
32     Moderate responsibility
14     Limited responsibility
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


14     Every day
41     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


14     A lot of freedom
45     Some freedom
18     Limited freedom
18     Very little freedom
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


23     Extremely serious
27     Very serious
14     Serious
32     Fairly serious
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


18     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


14     Very high responsibility
32     High responsibility
27     Moderate responsibility
23     Limited responsibility
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


32     Very important
41     Important
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
55     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


32     Highly competitive
32     Moderately competitive
23     Slightly competitive
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


29     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


27     Moderately close (at arm's length)
50     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
23     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


32     More than half the time
41     About half the time
27     Less than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


14     Continually or almost continually
14     More than half the time
32     About half the time
41     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
41     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
36     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


43     About half the time
43     Less than half the time
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
41     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


48     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


27     Very important
50     Fairly important
14     Not important at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


45     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


32     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


27     Once a month or more but not every week
59     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


32     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


77     Less than half the time
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


14     About half the time
82     Less than half the time
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a year or more but not every month
45     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


18     About half the time
77     Less than half the time
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


55     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
45     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


14     About half the time
82     Less than half the time
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


27     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


23     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


27     Moderately automated
41     Slightly automated
32     Not at all automated
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


71     Less than half the time
29     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


50     Less than half the time
45     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


36     Once a year or more but not every month
55     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


27     Fairly important
64     Not important at all
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


41     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


32     Once a year or more but not every month
64     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
55   Bachelor's degree
14   Associate's degree
14   Master's degree

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
83 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
45 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
6 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
84 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
83 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
80 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
75 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
71 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
71 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
71 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
69 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
66 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
63 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
58 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
58 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
57 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
50 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
44 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
50 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
45 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
42 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2015) $20.69 hourly, $43,030 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 36,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Faster than average (9% to 13%) Faster than average (9% to 13%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 18,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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