Summary Report for:
11-9013.03 - Aquacultural Managers
Direct and coordinate, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities of workers engaged in fish hatchery production for corporations, cooperatives, or other owners.
Sample of reported job titles: Aquaculture Cooperative Marketing Director, Aquaculture Director, Aquaculture Program Director, Facility Operations Manager, Farm Operations Technical Director, Fish Hatchery Manager, Hatchery Manager, Hatchery Supervisor, Recirculating Aquaculture Systems Specialist, Shellfish Manager
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Grow fish and shellfish as cash crops or for release into freshwater or saltwater.
- Monitor environments to ensure maintenance of optimum conditions for aquatic life.
- Supervise and train aquaculture and fish hatchery support workers.
- Determine, administer, and execute policies relating to operations administration and standards, and facility maintenance.
- Collect and record growth, production, and environmental data.
- Direct and monitor trapping and spawning of fish, egg incubation, and fry rearing, applying knowledge of management and fish culturing techniques.
- Direct and monitor the transfer of mature fish to lakes, ponds, streams, or commercial tanks.
- Account for and disburse funds.
- Determine how to allocate resources and to respond to unanticipated problems, such as insect infestation, drought, and fire.
- Conduct and supervise stock examinations to identify diseases or parasites.
- Devise and participate in activities to improve fish hatching and growth rates, and to prevent disease in hatcheries.
- Prepare reports required by state and federal laws.
- Identify environmental requirements of a particular species, and select and oversee the preparation of sites for species cultivation.
- Operate and maintain cultivating and harvesting equipment.
- Confer with biologists, fish pathologists, and other fishery personnel to obtain data concerning fish habits, diseases, food, and environmental requirements.
- Coordinate the selection and maintenance of brood stock.
- Collect information regarding techniques for fish collection and fertilization, spawn incubation, and treatment of spawn and fry.
- Design and construct pens, floating stations, and collector strings or fences for sea farms.
- Scuba dive to inspect sea farm operations.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers — Multipurpose pliers
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors
- Air compressors — Air compression equipment
- Air pumps — Aeration pumps
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Temperature monitors
- Biological filter media — Biological filters
- Blow torch — Propane torches
- Cages or its accessories — Fish holding pens
- Centrifugal pumps — Centrifugal water pumps
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Commercial fishing nets — Dip nets; Fry nets
- Commercial fishing reels — Seine reels
- Dissolved oxygen meters — Handheld dissolved oxygen meters
- Electronic counters — Fish counters
- Flowmeters — Digital flowmeters
- Forklifts — Utility forklifts
- Gas generators — Gas-powered generators
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Lawnmowers — Power mowers
- Marine hatchery equipment — Aquaculture tanks; Cage nets; Fish transfer pumps; Fish traps (see all 12 examples)
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Ozone water treatment equipment — Ozone generators
- Personal computers
- pH meters — pH probes
- Pipe or tube cutter — Tubing cutters
- Pipe wrench or stillson wrench — Pipe wrenches
- Pneumatic nail puller — Power nail pullers
- Power drills — Cordless power drills
- Power nail guns
- Power saws — Portable power saws
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Round file — Round metal files
- Screwdrivers — Phillips screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Squares — Layout squares
- Tongue and groove pliers
- Turbine pumps — Turbine water pumps
- Ultraviolet disinfection equipment — Ultraviolet light UV water disinfection systems
- Utility knives
- Water analyzers — Water test kits
- Water filters — Screen filters
- Water meters — Water level monitors
- Water trucks — Tanker trucks
- Wood chisels — Woodworking chisels
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Statistical analysis software
- Calendar and scheduling software — Staff scheduling software
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software ; Fish stocking databases; Hatchery database systems; Microsoft Access
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Project management software — AquaSoft Farm Manager
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Time accounting software — Time reporting software
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
- Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
Detailed Work Activities
- Perform manual agricultural, aquacultural, or horticultural tasks.
- Monitor facilities or operational systems.
- Conduct employee training programs.
- Supervise employees.
- Compile operational data.
- Develop organizational policies or programs.
- Direct organizational operations, projects, or services.
- Implement organizational process or policy changes.
- Maintain operational records.
- Manage agricultural or forestry operations.
- Analyze financial records to improve budgeting or planning.
- Approve expenditures.
- Determine resource needs.
- Develop emergency response plans or procedures.
- Evaluate quality of materials or products.
- Maintain regulatory or compliance documentation.
- Prepare reports related to compliance matters.
- Coordinate with external parties to exchange information.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 95% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 65% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 75% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Contact With Others — 45% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 65% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 50% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 55% responded “Some freedom.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 50% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 35% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 40% responded “High responsibility.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 40% responded “Some freedom.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 45% responded “Important results.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 35% responded “Important.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 30% responded “Important.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Letters and Memos — 45% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 35% responded “About half the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 45% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Consequence of Error — 30% responded “Very serious.”
- Spend Time Standing — 35% responded “About half the time.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 25% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 40% responded “Important.”
- Physical Proximity — 40% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|26||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: ERC
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers.
Employment data collected from Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers.
Industry data collected from Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers.
|Median wages (2015)||$30.85 hourly, $64,170 annual|
|Employment (2014)||930,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||158,400|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.