Details Report for:
15-1143.00 - Computer Network Architects
Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.
Sample of reported job titles: Network Analyst, Network Consultant, Network Engineer, Network Manager, Networking Systems and Distributed Systems Engineer, System Programmer, Systems Analyst, Systems Engineer, Telecommunications Analyst, Telecommunications Engineer
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Adjust network sizes to meet volume or capacity demands.
- Communicate with customers, sales staff, or marketing staff to determine customer needs.
- Communicate with system users to ensure accounts are set up properly or to diagnose and solve operational problems.
- Coordinate installation of new equipment.
- Coordinate network operations, maintenance, repairs, or upgrades.
- Coordinate network or design activities with designers of associated networks.
- Design, build, or operate equipment configuration prototypes, including network hardware, software, servers, or server operation systems.
- Design, organize, and deliver product awareness, skills transfer, or product education sessions for staff or suppliers.
- Determine specific network hardware or software requirements, such as platforms, interfaces, bandwidths, or routine schemas.
- Develop and implement solutions for network problems.
- Develop and write procedures for installation, use, or troubleshooting of communications hardware or software.
- Develop conceptual, logical, or physical network designs.
- Develop disaster recovery plans.
- Develop network-related documentation.
- Develop or maintain project reporting systems.
- Develop or recommend network security measures, such as firewalls, network security audits, or automated security probes.
- Develop plans or budgets for network equipment replacement.
- Develop procedures to track, project, or report network availability, reliability, capacity, or utilization.
- Estimate time and materials needed to complete projects.
- Evaluate network designs to determine whether customer requirements are met efficiently and effectively.
- Explain design specifications to integration or test engineers.
- Maintain networks by performing activities such as file addition, deletion, or backup.
- Maintain or coordinate the maintenance of network peripherals, such as printers.
- Monitor and analyze network performance and data input/output reports to detect problems, identify inefficient use of computer resources, or perform capacity planning.
- Participate in network technology upgrade or expansion projects, including installation of hardware and software and integration testing.
- Prepare design presentations and proposals for staff or customers.
- Prepare detailed network specifications, including diagrams, charts, equipment configurations, or recommended technologies.
- Prepare or monitor project schedules, budgets, or cost control systems.
- Research and test new or modified hardware or software products to determine performance and interoperability.
- Supervise engineers or other staff in the design or implementation of network solutions.
- Use network computer-aided design (CAD) software packages to optimize network designs.
- Visit vendors, attend conferences or training sessions, or study technical journals to keep up with changes in technology.
- Communicate with vendors to gather information about products, alert them to future needs, resolve problems, or address system maintenance issues.
Tools used in this occupation:
- Access servers — Lightweight directory access protocol LDAP servers; Remote access servers
- Broadband aggregators — Broadband aggregation equipment
- Computer servers — Domain name servers DNS; File servers; Mail transport servers; Network-attached storage NAS equipment (see all 6 examples)
- Desktop computers
- Digital telephones — Voice over internet protocol VoIP systems
- Digital testers — Bit error rate testers BERT
- Firewall network security equipment — Firewall equipment
- Frequency analyzers — Spectrum analyzers
- Hard disk arrays — Redundant array of independent disks RAID systems
- High end computer servers — Workstations
- Integrated services digital network ISDN testers — Integrated services digital network ISDN analyzers
- Interferometers — Optical spectrum analyzers
- Mainframe computers
- Multimeters — Network multimeters
- Network analyzers — Asynchronous transfer mode ATM analyzers; Local area network LAN analyzers; Network connectivity testers; Wide area network WAN analyzers (see all 9 examples)
- Network cable management panel assembly — Network cabling systems
- Network channel or data service units — Channel banks; Network channel service units CSU or data service units DSU
- Network management or monitoring device — Packet analysis equipment
- Network routers — Computer network routers
- Network service concentrators or hubs — Intelligent hubs
- Network switches — Computer network switches; Local area network LAN switches; Voice switches; Wide area network WAN switches
- Network traffic controller — Wireless network controllers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Power meters — Fiber optic power meters
- Protocol analyzers
- Radio frequency data communication equipment — Radio frequency RF antennas
- Reflectometers — Time domain reflectometers
- Server load balancer — Load balancers; Network server load balancers
- Storage area network SAN switch — Storage area network SAN switches
- Tablet computers
- Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment
- Voice data video cable tester — Communication cable testers
- WLAN wireless access network equipment and components — Wireless access points WAP; Wireless local area network WLAN controllers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Access software — Access management software; Remote access software
- Administration software — Element management software; Netreo OmniCenter; Riverbed Technology software; SolarWinds software (see all 13 examples)
- Analytical or scientific software — Discrete event simulation software; Root cause analysis software
- Application server software — Apache HTTT Server; Citrix XenApp; Oracle WebLogic; Solaris Containers (see all 5 examples)
- Authentication server software — Microsoft Forefront Identify Manager
- Backup or archival software — Backup and archival software; Computer Associates ArcServ Backup; System and data disaster recovery software
- Bridge software — Network bridge software
- Charting software — Microsoft Office Visio
- Communications server software — Email management software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software
- Computer based training software
- Configuration management software — Automated installation software; Logical partition LPAR software; Patch and update management software; VMWare software (see all 6 examples)
- Data base management system software — MySQL software
- Data base reporting software — Network reporting software
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Oracle software; Structured query language SQL
- Desktop communications software — BroadSoft BroadWorks
- Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Oracle Java EE; Systems and applications migration software (see all 7 examples)
- Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Exchange Server
- Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML; IBM WebSphere; IBM WebSphere MQ
- Helpdesk or call center software — Help desk software; Ticket information tracking software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Internet directory services software — Domain name system DNS software; Microsoft Active Directory
- Internet protocol IP multimedia subsystem software — Multiprotocol Label Switching MPLS; Open Shortest Path First OSPF; Session Initiation Protocol SIP; Voice over internet protocol VoiP system software
- LAN software — Local area network LAN software
- Network monitoring software — Ethereal; Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold; Packet analysis software; Symantec Intruder Alert (see all 17 examples)
- Network operating system enhancement software — Cisco Systems CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution; Network, server and operating system optimization software; Silver Peak software; Wide area network WAN optimization software (see all 8 examples)
- Network operation system software — Novell network software
- Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Computer intrusion detection systems; Content filter software; Firewall software
- Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — Intrusion prevention system IPS software; Network and system vulnerability assessment software; Virtual private network VPN software; Websense Data Loss Prevention (see all 11 examples)
- Object or component oriented development software — C++; Oracle Java *; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; Python
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — Linux; Microsoft operating system software; Simple mail transfer protocol SMTP; UNIX (see all 8 examples)
- Optical network management software
- Pattern design software — Diagramming software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Program testing software — Mercury Interactive LoadRunner; Mercury Interactive WinRunner; Segue SilkPerformer; System testing software
- Project management software — Microsoft Project
- Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Capacity planning software; Network architecture design software; Requirements management software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Storage networking software — Network storage software; Storage area network SAN software; Storage management software
- Switch or router software — Border Gateway Protocol BGP; Cisco Systems Cisco Web Cache Communication Protocol WCCP; Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links TRILL; Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol VRRP (see all 9 examples)
- Time accounting software — Time reporting software
- Transaction security and virus protection software — CA eTrust; Encryption software; Penetration testing software; Ping Identity software (see all 7 examples)
- Video conferencing software — Videoconferencing software
- WAN switching software and firmware — Wide area network WAN software
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
- Manage financial activities of the organization.
- Develop testing routines or procedures.
- Maintain computer networks to enhance performance and user access.
- Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems.
- Modify software programs to improve performance.
- Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments.
- Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues.
- Communicate project information to others.
- Develop computer or information security policies or procedures.
- Update knowledge about emerging industry or technology trends.
- Install computer hardware.
- Resolve computer network problems.
- Develop information communication procedures.
- Supervise information technology personnel.
- Install computer software.
- Maintain computer hardware.
- Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details.
- Conduct research to gain information about products or processes.
- Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems.
- Document network-related activities or tasks.
- Manage documentation to ensure organization or accuracy.
- Configure computer networks.
- Monitor the performance of computer networks.
- Coordinate software or hardware installation.
- Evaluate project designs to determine adequacy or feasibility.
- Provide technical support for computer network issues.
- Maintain contingency plans for disaster recovery.
- Design integrated computer systems.
- Teach others to use computer equipment or hardware.
- Develop models of information or communications systems.
- Develop specifications for computer network operation.
- Estimate time or monetary resources needed to complete projects.
- Test computer hardware performance.
- Manage budgets for appropriate resource allocation.
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
|11-3021.00||Computer and Information Systems Managers|
|15-1121.00||Computer Systems Analysts|
|15-1122.00||Information Security Analysts|
|15-1132.00||Software Developers, Applications|
|15-1133.00||Software Developers, Systems Software Green|
|15-1142.00||Network and Computer Systems Administrators|
|15-1199.02||Computer Systems Engineers/Architects Bright Outlook|
|17-2061.00||Computer Hardware Engineers|
|17-2072.00||Electronics Engineers, Except Computer|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$47.32 hourly, $98,430 annual|
|Employment (2012)||143,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||43,500|
|Top industries (2012)||
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (38% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Computer Network Architects . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) , 2 Penn Plaza, Suite 701, New York, NY 10121-0701. Phone: (800) 342-6626.
- Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) , 1815 S. Meyers Rd., Suite 300, Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181-5228. Phone: (630) 678-8300. Fax: (630) 268-1384.
- IEEE Computer Society , 1730 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20036-1992. Phone: (202) 371-0101. Fax: (202) 728-9614.
- Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) , 2350 E. Devon Ave., Suite 115, Des Plaines, IL 60018-4610. Phone: (847) 299-4227. Fax: (847) 299-4280.
- National Workforce Center for Emerging Technologies (NWCET) , Bellevue Community College, 3000 Landerholm Circle SE, N258, Bellevue, WA 98007-6484. Phone: (425) 564-4229. Fax: (425) 564-6193.