Details Report for:
15-1143.00 - Computer Network Architects
Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Adjust network sizes to meet volume or capacity demands.
- Communicate with customers, sales staff, or marketing staff to determine customer needs.
- Communicate with system users to ensure accounts are set up properly or to diagnose and solve operational problems.
- Coordinate installation of new equipment.
- Coordinate network operations, maintenance, repairs, or upgrades.
- Coordinate network or design activities with designers of associated networks.
- Design, build, or operate equipment configuration prototypes, including network hardware, software, servers, or server operation systems.
- Design, organize, and deliver product awareness, skills transfer, or product education sessions for staff or suppliers.
- Determine specific network hardware or software requirements, such as platforms, interfaces, bandwidths, or routine schemas.
- Develop and implement solutions for network problems.
- Develop and write procedures for installation, use, or troubleshooting of communications hardware or software.
- Develop conceptual, logical, or physical network designs.
- Develop disaster recovery plans.
- Develop network-related documentation.
- Develop or maintain project reporting systems.
- Develop or recommend network security measures, such as firewalls, network security audits, or automated security probes.
- Develop plans or budgets for network equipment replacement.
- Develop procedures to track, project, or report network availability, reliability, capacity, or utilization.
- Estimate time and materials needed to complete projects.
- Evaluate network designs to determine whether customer requirements are met efficiently and effectively.
- Explain design specifications to integration or test engineers.
- Maintain networks by performing activities such as file addition, deletion, or backup.
- Maintain or coordinate the maintenance of network peripherals, such as printers.
- Monitor and analyze network performance and data input/output reports to detect problems, identify inefficient use of computer resources, or perform capacity planning.
- Participate in network technology upgrade or expansion projects, including installation of hardware and software and integration testing.
- Prepare design presentations and proposals for staff or customers.
- Prepare detailed network specifications, including diagrams, charts, equipment configurations, or recommended technologies.
- Prepare or monitor project schedules, budgets, or cost control systems.
- Research and test new or modified hardware or software products to determine performance and interoperability.
- Supervise engineers or other staff in the design or implementation of network solutions.
- Use network computer-aided design (CAD) software packages to optimize network designs.
- Visit vendors, attend conferences or training sessions, or study technical journals to keep up with changes in technology.
- Communicate with vendors to gather information about products, alert them to future needs, resolve problems, or address system maintenance issues.
Tools used in this occupation:
|Access servers — Lightweight directory access protocol LDAP servers; Remote access servers|
|Computer servers — Domain name servers DNS; File servers; Mail transport servers; Network-attached storage NAS equipment (see all 6 examples)|
|Multimeters — Network multimeters|
|Network analyzers — Asynchronous transfer mode ATM analyzers; Network connectivity testers; Synchronous optical network SONET analyzers; Wide area network WAN analyzers (see all 9 examples)|
|Network channel or data service units — Channel banks; Network channel service units CSU or data service units DSU|
|Network service concentrators or hubs — Intelligent hubs|
|Network switches — Computer network switches; Local area network LAN switches; Voice switches; Wide area network WAN switches|
|Server load balancer — Load balancers; Network server load balancers|
|Voice data video cable tester — Communication cable testers|
|WLAN wireless access network equipment and components — Wireless access points WAP; Wireless local area network WLAN controllers|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Administration software — Element management software; Netreo OmniCenter; Riverbed Technology software; SolarWinds software (see all 13 examples)|
|Application server software — Apache HTTT Server; Citrix XenApp; Microsoft Windows Server; Solaris Containers (see all 5 examples)|
|Configuration management software — Automated installation software; Logical partition LPAR software; Patch and update management software; VMWare software (see all 6 examples)|
|Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Oracle Java EE; Systems and applications migration software (see all 7 examples)|
|Network monitoring software — Ethereal; Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold; Packet analysis software; Symantec Intruder Alert (see all 17 examples)|
|Network operating system enhancement software — Cisco Systems CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution; Network, server and operating system optimization software; Silver Peak software; Wide area network WAN optimization software (see all 8 examples)|
|Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — Intrusion prevention system IPS software; Network and system vulnerability assessment software; Virtual private network VPN software; Websense Data Loss Prevention (see all 11 examples)|
|Operating system software — Linux; Microsoft operating system software; Simple mail transfer protocol SMTP; UNIX (see all 8 examples)|
|Switch or router software — Border Gateway Protocol BGP; Cisco Systems Cisco Web Cache Communication Protocol WCCP; Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links TRILL; Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol VRRP (see all 9 examples)|
|Transaction security and virus protection software — CA eTrust; Encryption software; Penetration testing software; Ping Identity software (see all 7 examples)|
|87||Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.|
|81||Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.|
|66||English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|63||Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.|
|62||Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|53||Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|50||Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|49||Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|49||Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.|
|40||Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.|
|39||Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.|
|38||Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.|
|36||Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.|
|32||Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.|
|30||Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.|
|30||Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.|
|30||Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.|
|22||Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.|
|21||Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.|
|18||Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.|
|15||Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.|
|14||Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.|
|10||Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.|
|9||Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.|
|7||Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.|
|5||Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.|
|5||Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.|
|4||Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.|
|2||Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.|
|2||History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.|
|1||Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.|
|1||Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.|
|1||Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.|
|66||Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|66||Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.|
|66||Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.|
|64||Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.|
|64||Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|63||Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|63||Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|63||Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.|
|60||Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|56||Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|55||Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|
|55||Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.|
|53||Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.|
|53||Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.|
|53||Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.|
|52||Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.|
|50||Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.|
|50||Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.|
|49||Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.|
|49||Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.|
|49||Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.|
|49||Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.|
|47||Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.|
|47||Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.|
|47||Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.|
|45||Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.|
|42||Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.|
|38||Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.|
|38||Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.|
|38||Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.|
|38||Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.|
|35||Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.|
|35||Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.|
|33||Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.|
|24||Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.|
|67||Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|67||Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|64||Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).|
|64||Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.|
|63||Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).|
|63||Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.|
|60||Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.|
|60||Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.|
|58||Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).|
|58||Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.|
|56||Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|56||Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.|
|55||Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.|
|53||Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.|
|53||Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.|
|52||Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.|
|50||Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.|
|50||Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.|
|50||Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.|
|49||Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.|
|47||Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.|
|44||Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.|
|41||Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.|
|38||Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.|
|38||Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.|
|36||Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.|
|36||Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.|
|35||Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.|
|33||Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).|
|31||Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.|
|28||Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.|
|17||Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.|
|5||Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.|
|3||Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.|
|3||Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.|
|3||Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.|
|3||Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.|
|2||Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.|
|0||Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.|
|0||Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.|
|0||Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.|
|0||Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.|
|0||Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.|
|0||Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.|
|0||Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.|
|0||Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.|
|0||Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.|
|0||Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.|
|0||Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.|
|0||Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.|
|0||Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.|
|0||Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.|
|94||Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
|88||Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
|83||Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
|77||Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
|77||Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|70||Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|70||Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
|69||Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.|
|67||Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
|65||Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
|64||Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.|
|60||Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.|
|60||Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
|59||Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
|59||Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.|
|58||Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.|
|57||Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
|56||Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.|
|55||Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.|
|55||Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.|
|53||Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.|
|53||Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
|49||Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.|
|48||Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
|47||Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
|45||Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.|
|44||Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
|43||Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.|
|42||Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.|
|41||Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.|
|38||Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.|
|38||Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
|34||Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.|
|32||Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.|
|32||Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.|
|26||Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.|
|21||Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.|
|21||Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.|
|20||Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).|
|16||Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
|11||Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.|
|100||Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?|
|94||Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?|
|91||Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?|
|86||Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?|
|84||Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?|
|84||Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?|
|83||Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?|
|80||Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?|
|80||Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?|
|76||Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?|
|75||Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.|
|75||Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?|
|68||Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?|
|65||Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?|
|64||Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?|
|63||Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?|
|57||Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?|
|57||Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?|
|56||Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?|
|56||Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?|
|52||Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?|
|47||Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?|
|42||Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?|
|35||Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?|
|35||Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?|
|32||Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?|
|31||Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?|
|30||Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?|
|29||Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?|
|28||Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?|
|27||Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?|
|25||Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?|
|24||Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?|
|20||Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?|
|19||Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?|
|17||Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?|
|16||Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?|
|16||In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?|
|12||Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?|
|11||Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?|
|11||Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?|
|11||Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?|
|11||Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?|
|10||Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?|
|9||Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?|
|9||Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?|
|9||Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?|
|8||Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?|
|7||Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?|
|6||Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)|
|5||Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?|
|3||In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?|
|2||Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?|
|2||Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?|
|2||Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?|
|1||Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?|
|0||Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?|
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
|83||Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.|
|83||Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.|
|72||Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.|
|50||Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|22||Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.|
|17||Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.|
|89||Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.|
|85||Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.|
|84||Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.|
|81||Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.|
|81||Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.|
|80||Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.|
|78||Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.|
|75||Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.|
|73||Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.|
|71||Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.|
|69||Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.|
|65||Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.|
|62||Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.|
|61||Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.|
|56||Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.|
|42||Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.|
|83||Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.|
|72||Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.|
|72||Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
|56||Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.|
|56||Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.|
|28||Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.|
|11-3021.00||Computer and Information Systems Managers|
|15-1121.00||Computer Systems Analysts|
|15-1122.00||Information Security Analysts|
|15-1132.00||Software Developers, Applications|
|15-1133.00||Software Developers, Systems Software Green|
|15-1142.00||Network and Computer Systems Administrators|
|15-1199.02||Computer Systems Engineers/Architects Bright Outlook|
|17-2061.00||Computer Hardware Engineers|
|17-2072.00||Electronics Engineers, Except Computer|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2013)||$45.85 hourly, $95,380 annual|
|Employment (2012)||143,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||43,500|
|Top industries (2012)||
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (38% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Computer Network Architects . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) , 2 Penn Plaza, Suite 701, New York, NY 10121-0701. Phone: (800) 342-6626.
- Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) , 1815 S. Meyers Rd., Suite 300, Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181-5228. Phone: (630) 678-8300. Fax: (630) 268-1384.
- IEEE Computer Society , 1730 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20036-1992. Phone: (202) 371-0101. Fax: (202) 728-9614.
- Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) , 2350 E. Devon Ave., Suite 115, Des Plaines, IL 60018-4610. Phone: (847) 299-4227. Fax: (847) 299-4280.
- National Workforce Center for Emerging Technologies (NWCET) , Bellevue Community College, 3000 Landerholm Circle SE, N258, Bellevue, WA 98007-6484. Phone: (425) 564-4229. Fax: (425) 564-6193.