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Details Report for:
21-1012.00 - Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors

Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services.

Sample of reported job titles: Guidance Counselor, Counselor, School Counselor, Academic Advisor, Career Counselor, College Counselor, Career Services Director, Academic Counselor, Advisor, Career Center Director

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
90   Core Counsel individuals to help them understand and overcome personal, social, or behavioral problems affecting their educational or vocational situations.
86   Core Provide crisis intervention to students when difficult situations occur at schools.
85   Core Confer with parents or guardians, teachers, administrators, and other professionals to discuss children's progress, resolve behavioral, academic, and other problems, and to determine priorities for students and their resource needs.
83   Core Maintain accurate and complete student records as required by laws, district policies, and administrative regulations.
82   Core Prepare students for later educational experiences by encouraging them to explore learning opportunities and to persevere with challenging tasks.
81   Core Evaluate students' or individuals' abilities, interests, and personality characteristics using tests, records, interviews, or professional sources.
81   Core Identify cases of domestic abuse or other family problems and encourage students or parents to seek additional assistance from mental health professionals.
80   Core Counsel students regarding educational issues, such as course and program selection, class scheduling and registration, school adjustment, truancy, study habits, and career planning.
75   Core Provide special services such as alcohol and drug prevention programs and classes that teach students to handle conflicts without resorting to violence.
72   Core Conduct follow-up interviews with counselees to determine if their needs have been met.
72   Core Instruct individuals in career development techniques such as job search and application strategies, resume writing, and interview skills.
68   Core Collaborate with teachers and administrators in the development, evaluation, and revision of school programs and in the preparation of master schedules for curriculum offerings.
68   Core Assess needs for assistance such as rehabilitation, financial aid, or additional vocational training, and refer clients to the appropriate services.
66   Core Prepare reports on students and activities as required by administration.
65   Core Observe students during classroom and play activities to evaluate students' performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.
65   Core Teach classes and present self-help or information sessions on subjects related to education and career planning.
65   Core Plan and conduct orientation programs and group conferences to promote the adjustment of individuals to new life experiences such as starting college.
63   Core Attend meetings, educational conferences, and training workshops and serve on committees.
60   Core Plan and promote career and employment-related programs and events, such as career planning presentations, work-experience programs, job fairs, and career workshops.
57   Core Establish and enforce administration policies and rules governing student behavior.
56   Core Address community groups, faculty, and staff members to explain available counseling services.
88   Supplemental Review transcripts to ensure that students meet graduation or college entrance requirements and write letters of recommendation.
77   Supplemental Provide students with information on such topics as college degree programs and admission requirements, financial aid opportunities, trade and technical schools, and apprenticeship programs.
69   Supplemental Compile and study occupational, educational, and economic information to assist counselees in determining and carrying out vocational and educational objectives.
68   Supplemental Refer students to degree programs based on interests, aptitudes, or educational assessments.
67   Supplemental Interview clients to obtain information about employment history, educational background, and career goals, and to identify barriers to employment.
62   Supplemental Refer qualified counselees to employers or employment services for job placement.
62   Supplemental Establish contacts with employers to create internship and employment opportunities for students.
61   Supplemental Plan, direct, and participate in recruitment and enrollment activities.
59   Supplemental Supervise, train, and direct professional staff and interns.
56   Supplemental Provide disabled students with assistive devices, supportive technology, and assistance accessing facilities such as restrooms.
56   Supplemental Establish and supervise peer counseling and peer tutoring programs.
55   Supplemental Provide information for teachers and staff members involved in helping students or graduates identify and pursue employment opportunities.
46   Supplemental Sponsor extracurricular activities such as clubs, student organizations, and academic contests.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Desktop computers
Digital camcorders or video cameras — Video recorders
Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
Digital voice recorders — Audio recorders
Instant messaging platform — Yahoo! Messenger
Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors; Projection equipment
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — ACT WorkKeys; Computerized diagnostic programs; Computerized testing programs; Counseling software (see all 6 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access; Social Solutions ETO; Student information systems SIS; Zoomerang (see all 17 examples)
Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher
Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook; Yahoo! Email
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer *; Web browser software
Network monitoring software — Computer-assisted live supervision
Project management software — Palm Pal Transana; Productivity software
Spreadsheet software — EZAnalyze; Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 29 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
95   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
91   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
85   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
83   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
78   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
76   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
62   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
62   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
60   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
48   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
47   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
46   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
45   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
45   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
44   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
37   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
36   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
33   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
28   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
25   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
22   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
21   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
21   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
20   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
17   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
17   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
16   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
14   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
12   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
85   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
85   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
81   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
81   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
75   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
72   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
69   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
69   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
66   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
66   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
66   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
66   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
63   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
63   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
60   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
31   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
22   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
  Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
85   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
81   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
81   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
78   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
72   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
72   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
60   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
38   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
28   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
22   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
22   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
22   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
19   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
19   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
16   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
16   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
16   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
  Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
91   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Assist clients in handling details of daily life.
  • Refer clients to community or social service programs.
  • Refer individuals to educational or work programs.
91   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Develop working relationships with others to facilitate program activities.
90   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with other professionals to assess client needs or plan treatments.
  • Collaborate with other professionals to develop education or assistance programs.
89   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interview clients to gather information about their backgrounds, needs, or progress.
89   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
82   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
79   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Maintain professional social services knowledge.
78   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
76   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Present social services program information to the public.
76   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Complete documentation required by programs or regulations.
  • Write reports or evaluations.
76   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop educational policies.
  • Develop educational programs.
  • Plan programs to address community mental wellness needs.
75   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
74   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
74   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
74   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others on social or educational issues.
  • Counsel clients or patients regarding personal issues.
  • Counsel clients regarding educational or vocational issues.
  • Counsel clients regarding interpersonal issues.
  • Intervene in crisis situations to assist clients.
72   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Lead classes or community events.
  • Teach life skills or strategies to clients or their families.
  • Train staff members in social services skills.
71   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Confer with family members to discuss client treatment plans or progress.
71   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
71   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
67   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
64   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
62   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
61   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
60   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
58   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
57   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
56   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Assess individual or community needs for educational or social services.
  • Evaluate characteristics of individuals to determine needs or eligibility.
  • Evaluate potential problems in home or work environments of clients.
55   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
43   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Supervise workers providing client or patient services.
31   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Promote educational institutions or programs.
27   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
20   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
18   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
15   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
10   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
  Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
100   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
100   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
98   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
91   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
89   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
89   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
87   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
85   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
85   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
83   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
80   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
77   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
75   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
71   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
71   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
70   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
70   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
66   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
65   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
60   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
54   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
51   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
51   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
49   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
49   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
48   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
44   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
40   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
34   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
34   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
31   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
31   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
29   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
28   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
25   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
23   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
18   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
14   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
13   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
13   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
  Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
 Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
 Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
 Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
 Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
 In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
 Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
 Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
 Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
93   Master's degree
  Post-master's certificate Help
  Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
45   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
45   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
39   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
97   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
92   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
92   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
89   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
88   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
88   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
88   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
88   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
87   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
85   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
85   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
80   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
74   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
73   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
73   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
100   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
72   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
67   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
61   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
45   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-3031.01 School Psychologists
19-3031.03 Counseling Psychologists
21-1013.00 Marriage and Family Therapists Bright Outlook
21-1014.00 Mental Health Counselors   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
25-1066.00 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1081.00 Education Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1113.00 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary
25-2031.00 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education Bright Outlook
25-3011.00 Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors
25-9031.00 Instructional Coordinators

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $25.77 hourly, $53,600 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 262,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 87,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Educational Services (81% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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