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Details Report for:
21-1094.00 - Community Health Workers

Assist individuals and communities to adopt healthy behaviors. Conduct outreach for medical personnel or health organizations to implement programs in the community that promote, maintain, and improve individual and community health. May provide information on available resources, provide social support and informal counseling, advocate for individuals and community health needs, and provide services such as first aid and blood pressure screening. May collect data to help identify community health needs.

Sample of reported job titles: Apprise Counselor, Assistant Director of Nutrition and Wellness Programs, Chief Program Officer, Community Health Outreach Worker, Community Health Program Coordinator, Community Health Program Representative (Community Health Program Rep), Community Health Promoter, Community Health Worker (CHW), Community Nutrition Educator, HIV CTS Specialist (Human Immunodeficiency Virus Counseling and Testing Services Specialist)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
86   Core Maintain updated client records with plans, notes, appropriate forms, or related information.
75   Core Advise clients or community groups on issues related to improving general health, such as diet or exercise.
70   Core Identify or contact members of high-risk or otherwise targeted groups, such as members of minority populations, low-income populations, or pregnant women.
69   Core Contact clients in person, by phone, or in writing to ensure they have completed required or recommended actions.
69   Core Distribute flyers, brochures, or other informational or educational documents to inform members of a targeted community.
68   Core Refer community members to needed health services.
61   Core Attend community meetings or health fairs to understand community issues or build relationships with community members.
88   Supplemental Perform basic diagnostic procedures, such as blood pressure screening, breast cancer screening, or communicative disease screening.
77   Supplemental Advise clients or community groups on issues related to diagnostic screenings, such as breast cancer screening, pap smears, glaucoma tests, or diabetes screenings.
76   Supplemental Advise clients or community groups on issues related to risk or prevention of conditions such as lead poisoning, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), prenatal substance abuse, or domestic violence.
76   Supplemental Administer immunizations or other basic preventive treatments.
75   Supplemental Identify the particular health care needs of individuals in a community or target area.
74   Supplemental Advise clients or community groups on issues related to self-care, such as diabetes management.
74   Supplemental Conduct home visits for pregnant women, newborn infants, or other high-risk individuals to monitor their progress or assess their needs.
73   Supplemental Transport or accompany clients to scheduled health appointments or referral sites.
68   Supplemental Advocate for individual or community health needs with government agencies or health service providers.
66   Supplemental Teach appropriate parenting behaviors to individuals or families.
66   Supplemental Report incidences of child or elder abuse, neglect, or threats of harm to authorities, as required.
65   Supplemental Teach classes or otherwise disseminate medical or dental health information to school groups, community groups, or targeted families or individuals, in a manner consistent with cultural norms.
65   Supplemental Advise clients or community groups on issues related to sanitation or hygiene, such as flossing or hand washing.
65   Supplemental Collect information from individuals to compile vital statistics about the general health of community members.
62   Supplemental Assist families to apply for social services, including Medicaid or Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
62   Supplemental Advise clients or community groups on issues related to social or intellectual development, such as education, childcare, or problem solving.
61   Supplemental Provide basic health services, such as first aid.
61   Supplemental Interpret, translate, or provide cultural mediation related to health services or information for community members.
60   Supplemental Monitor nutrition of children, elderly, or other high-risk groups.
58   Supplemental Advise clients or community groups to ensure parental understanding of the importance of childhood immunizations and how to access immunization services.
58   Supplemental Develop plans or formal contracts for individuals, families, or community groups to improve overall health.
50   Supplemental Provide feedback to health service providers regarding improving service accessibility or acceptability.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Automobiles or cars — Passenger cars
Electronic blood pressure units — Automated blood pressure cuffs
Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency first aid kits
Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucose monitoring equipment
Inkjet printers — Computer ink jet printers
Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
Laser printers — Computer laser printers
Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure cuffs
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal computers
Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Client databases; Microsoft Access
Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
88   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
74   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
71   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
68   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
65   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
64   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
59   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
50   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
50   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
49   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
47   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
42   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
42   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
40   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
38   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
37   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
37   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
36   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
36   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
30   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
27   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
25   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
20   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
19   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
15   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
14   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
13   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
 Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
78   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
78   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
72   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
69   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
66   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
63   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
63   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
63   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
60   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
60   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
60   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
60   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
56   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
22   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
22   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
22   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
16   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
13   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
10   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
81   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
41   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
41   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
41   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
35   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
35   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
35   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
35   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
35   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
28   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
28   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
28   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
28   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
28   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
28   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
22   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
22   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
22   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
19   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
19   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
16   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
16   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
16   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
97   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
94   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Develop working relationships with others to facilitate program activities.
94   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
92   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
91   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
88   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain client records.
88   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
85   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
85   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Confer with clients to discuss treatment plans or progress.
  • Interpret cultural or religious information for others.
84   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Help clients get needed services or resources.
  • Provide basic health care services.
  • Refer clients to community or social service programs.
84   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
82   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
79   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Collect information about community health needs.
78   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
77   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Lead classes or community events.
  • Teach life skills or strategies to clients or their families.
76   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Plan programs to address community health issues.
75   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor clients to evaluate treatment progress.
  • Monitor nutrition related activities of individuals or groups.
73   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
71   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
70   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
70   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Advocate for individual or community needs.
67   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
67   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
67   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
67   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Assess individual or community needs for educational or social services.
67   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
66   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
61   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
61   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Provide educational materials to community members.
61   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
60   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
58   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Visit individuals in their homes to provide support or information.
58   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
54   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise clients or community groups on health issues.
  • Advise others on social or educational issues.
  • Recommend legal actions.
53   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Transport clients to appointments.
42   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
42   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
30   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
25   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
25   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
20   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
94   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
94   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
90   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
84   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
80   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
77   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
76   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
74   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
73   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
72   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
72   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
71   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
71   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
67   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
64   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
61   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
61   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
60   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
56   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
55   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
53   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
52   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
51   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
51   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
49   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
48   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
41   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
41   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
37   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
37   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
36   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
35   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
33   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
31   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
30   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
29   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
28   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
27   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
26   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
25   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
24   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
23   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
20   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
18   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
16   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
14   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
14   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
 Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
 Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
 Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Bachelor's degree
Not available Associate's degree
Not available Master's degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
39   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
39   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
93   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
88   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
88   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
87   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
86   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
85   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
83   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
83   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
82   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
81   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
77   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
76   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
72   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
100   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
83   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
83   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
58   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
56   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $16.64 hourly, $34,620 annual
Employment (2012) 41,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 20,800
Top industries (2012)
Health Care and Social Assistance (57% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Community Health Workers

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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