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Details Report for:
25-2032.00 - Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School

Teach occupational, career and technical, or vocational subjects at the secondary school level in public or private schools.

Sample of reported job titles: Teacher, Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher (FACS Teacher), Instructor, Technology Education Teacher, Business Education Teacher, Cosmetology Teacher, Agricultural Education Teacher, Allied Health Teacher, Marketing Education Teacher, Welding Instructor

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
93   Core Observe and evaluate students' performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.
91   Core Prepare materials and classroom for class activities.
89   Core Maintain accurate and complete student records as required by law, district policy, and administrative regulations.
88   Core Establish and enforce rules for behavior and procedures for maintaining order among students.
88   Core Instruct and monitor students in the use and care of equipment and materials to prevent injury and damage.
86   Core Instruct students individually and in groups, using various teaching methods, such as lectures, discussions, and demonstrations.
86   Core Establish clear objectives for all lessons, units, and projects and communicate those objectives to students.
86   Core Instruct students in the knowledge and skills required in a specific occupation or occupational field, using a systematic plan of lectures, discussions, audio-visual presentations, and laboratory, shop and field studies.
85   Core Prepare, administer, and grade tests and assignments to evaluate students' progress.
82   Core Plan and conduct activities for a balanced program of instruction, demonstration, and work time that provides students with opportunities to observe, question, and investigate.
81   Core Assign and grade class work and homework.
80   Core Use computers, audio-visual aids, and other equipment and materials to supplement presentations.
79   Core Prepare students for later grades by encouraging them to explore learning opportunities and to persevere with challenging tasks.
79   Core Confer with parents or guardians, other teachers, counselors, and administrators to resolve students' behavioral and academic problems.
79   Core Enforce all administration policies and rules governing students.
79   Core Meet with parents and guardians to discuss their children's progress and to determine priorities for their children and their resource needs.
78   Core Guide and counsel students with adjustment or academic problems, or special academic interests.
77   Core Plan and supervise work-experience programs in businesses, industrial shops, and school laboratories.
75   Core Plan and supervise class projects, field trips, visits by guest speakers or other experiential activities, and guide students in learning from those activities.
75   Core Prepare objectives and outlines for courses of study, following curriculum guidelines or requirements of states and schools.
74   Core Keep informed about trends in education and subject matter specialties.
74   Core Provide disabled students with assistive devices, supportive technology, and assistance accessing facilities such as restrooms.
74   Core Meet with other professionals to discuss individual students' needs and progress.
73   Core Prepare reports on students and activities as required by administration.
72   Core Select, order, store, issue, and inventory classroom equipment, materials, and supplies.
71   Core Prepare and implement remedial programs for students requiring extra help.
71   Core Place students in jobs or make referrals to job placement services.
70   Core Attend professional meetings, educational conferences, and teacher training workshops to maintain and improve professional competence.
69   Core Confer with other staff members to plan and schedule lessons promoting learning, following approved curricula.
67   Core Sponsor extracurricular activities such as clubs, student organizations, and academic contests.
65   Core Collaborate with other teachers and administrators in the development, evaluation, and revision of secondary school programs.
62   Core Attend staff meetings and serve on committees, as required.
61   Core Perform administrative duties such as assisting in school libraries, hall and cafeteria monitoring, and bus loading and unloading.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Domestic hair dryers — Blowdryers; Stationary hairdryers
Levels — Electronic levels; Laser levels
Microphones — Handheld microphones; Wireless microphones
Portable data input terminals — Interactive whiteboard controllers; Student response systems
Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills
Power saws — Band saws; Circular saws; Radial arm saws; Table saws
Shears — Cutting shears; Sewing shears
Televisions — Liquid crystal display LCD televisions; Television monitors
Welder torch — Propane torches; Welding torches
Welding masks — Welding goggles; Welding helmets

Technology used in this occupation:

Computer based training software — Blackboard Learn; Desire2Learn; Learning management system LMS software; Sakai CLE * (see all 5 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
Information retrieval or search software — DOC Cop *; iParadigms Turnitin
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Image scanning software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Collaborative editing software; Google Docs *; Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 117 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
85   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
71   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
62   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
62   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
60   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
60   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
55   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
55   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
48   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
47   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
45   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
44   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
43   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
43   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
42   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
42   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
38   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
38   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
37   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
37   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
37   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
34   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
34   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
33   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
33   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
30   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
27   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
26   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
22   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
22   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
19   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
11   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
81   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
72   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
69   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
69   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
66   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
66   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
66   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
66   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
63   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
60   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
53   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
47   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
38   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
31   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
31   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
31   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
22   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
10   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
81   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
81   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
78   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
63   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
60   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
53   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
53   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
44   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
44   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
35   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
35   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
31   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
31   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
31   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
28   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
28   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
28   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
28   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
25   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
22   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
90   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Apply multiple teaching methods.
  • Teach others to use technology or equipment.
  • Teach vocational courses.
87   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with other teaching professionals to develop educational programs.
  • Discuss problems or issues with supervisors.
86   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
85   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
  • Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
83   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop instructional objectives.
  • Develop strategies or programs for students with special needs.
  • Establish rules or policies governing student behavior.
  • Plan educational activities.
  • Plan experiential learning activities.
81   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
81   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
81   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Select educational materials or equipment.
80   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Create technology-based learning materials.
  • Maintain student records.
  • Prepare reports detailing student activities or performance.
80   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
78   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
77   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Encourage students.
76   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
75   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Assist students with special educational needs.
75   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
74   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
73   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
73   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
73   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
  • Evaluate student work.
  • Prepare tests.
73   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Enforce rules or policies governing student behavior.
  • Monitor student behavior, social development, or health.
  • Monitor student performance.
  • Supervise school or student activities.
73   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
72   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
72   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
69   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
68   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Assign class work to students.
  • Coordinate student extracurricular activities.
  • Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
  • Supervise student research or internship work.
66   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
65   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
63   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise students on academic or career matters.
  • Discuss student progress with parents or guardians.
62   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
60   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Distribute instructional or library materials.
  • Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
58   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
57   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
54   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
54   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Set up classroom materials or equipment.
51   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
47   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
39   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
34   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
34   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
30   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
28   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


80     Constant contact with others
17     Contact with others most of the time
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


70     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


71     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


80     Every day
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


54     Very close (near touching)
39     Moderately close (at arm's length)
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


55     Extremely important
32     Very important
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


42     Every day
51     Once a week or more but not every day
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


59     Extremely important
20     Very important
14     Important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


65     Very high responsibility
14     High responsibility
13     Moderate responsibility
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


58     A lot of freedom
25     Some freedom
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


70     Every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


51     A lot of freedom
32     Some freedom
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


66     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


44     Extremely important
36     Very important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


38     Extremely important
36     Very important
23     Important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


38     Very important results
41     Important results
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


59     More than 40 hours
26     40 hours
14     Less than 40 hours
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


33     Every day
42     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


30     Continually or almost continually
36     More than half the time
30     About half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


29     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


31     Every day
33     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


14     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
41     Once a month or more but not every week
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


29     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


39     Very high responsibility
21     High responsibility
12     Moderate responsibility
18     No responsibility
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


40     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
14     About half the time
13     Less than half the time
19     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


19     Extremely important
33     Very important
25     Important
11     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


16     Extremely competitive
21     Highly competitive
34     Moderately competitive
19     Slightly competitive
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


33     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


14     Continually or almost continually
29     More than half the time
42     Less than half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


32     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


17     Extremely serious
21     Very serious
11     Serious
25     Fairly serious
26     Not serious at all
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


27     Every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
52     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


16     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


15     About half the time
45     Less than half the time
23     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


15     Continually or almost continually
13     About half the time
37     Less than half the time
31     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


19     About half the time
68     Less than half the time
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


15     Every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
58     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


13     Every day
11     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
51     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
56     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


15     About half the time
42     Less than half the time
35     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
47     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


25     Moderately automated
20     Slightly automated
50     Not at all automated
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


13     Every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
73     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


11     Extremely important
77     Not important at all
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


16     Once a year or more but not every month
72     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
77     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
78     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


14     Less than half the time
77     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


14     Less than half the time
82     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


87     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


11     Once a year or more but not every month
87     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


93     Regular (established routine, set schedule)

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
35   Bachelor's degree
23   Post-baccalaureate certificate Help
17   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
45   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
45   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
45   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
39   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
92   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
90   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
88   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
88   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
87   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
84   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
83   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
83   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
83   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
82   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
81   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
79   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
77   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
76   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
72   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
72   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
64   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
56   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

21-1091.00 Health Educators
25-1194.00 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary
25-2021.00 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education Bright Outlook
25-2022.00 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
25-2023.00 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School
25-2031.00 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education Bright Outlook
39-1021.00 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers
39-9032.00 Recreation Workers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $55,120 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 85,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 27,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Educational Services (98% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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