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Details Report for:
29-2061.00 - Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

Care for ill, injured, or convalescing patients or persons with disabilities in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.

Sample of reported job titles: Charge Nurse; Clinic Licensed Practical Nurse (CLINIC LPN); Clinic Nurse; Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN); Licensed Practical Nurse, Clinic Nurse (LPN, Clinic Nurse); Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN); Office Nurse; Pediatric Licensed Practical Nurse (PEDIATRIC LPN); Private Duty Nurse; Triage Licensed Practical Nurse (TRIAGE LPN)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
95   Core Administer prescribed medications or start intravenous fluids, noting times and amounts on patients' charts.
93   Core Observe patients, charting and reporting changes in patients' conditions, such as adverse reactions to medication or treatment, and taking any necessary action.
89   Core Answer patients' calls and determine how to assist them.
89   Core Measure and record patients' vital signs, such as height, weight, temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration.
89   Core Provide basic patient care or treatments, such as taking temperatures or blood pressures, dressing wounds, treating bedsores, giving enemas or douches, rubbing with alcohol, massaging, or performing catheterizations.
88   Core Work as part of a healthcare team to assess patient needs, plan and modify care, and implement interventions.
86   Core Supervise nurses' aides or assistants.
85   Core Evaluate nursing intervention outcomes, conferring with other healthcare team members as necessary.
83   Core Assemble and use equipment, such as catheters, tracheotomy tubes, or oxygen suppliers.
82   Core Record food and fluid intake and output.
81   Core Collect samples, such as blood, urine, or sputum from patients, and perform routine laboratory tests on samples.
81   Core Prepare patients for examinations, tests, or treatments and explain procedures.
79   Core Help patients with bathing, dressing, maintaining personal hygiene, moving in bed, or standing and walking.
64   Core Apply compresses, ice bags, or hot water bottles.
85   Supplemental Sterilize equipment and supplies, using germicides, sterilizer, or autoclave.
84   Supplemental Make appointments, keep records, or perform other clerical duties in doctors' offices or clinics.
84   Supplemental Provide medical treatment or personal care to patients in private home settings, such as cooking, keeping rooms orderly, seeing that patients are comfortable and in good spirits, or instructing family members in simple nursing tasks.
83   Supplemental Set up equipment and prepare medical treatment rooms.
75   Supplemental Prepare or examine food trays for conformance to prescribed diet.
75   Supplemental Wash and dress bodies of deceased persons.
75   Supplemental Inventory and requisition supplies and instruments.
68   Supplemental Clean rooms and make beds.
66   Supplemental Assist in delivery, care, or feeding of infants.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Heart monitors; Non-invasive cardiac output monitors; Ultrasonic cardiac output monitors
Extremity restraints — Limb restraints; Wrist restraints
Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucometers; Glucometers; Needleless glucometers
Head or neck traction supplies — Crutchfield tongs; Halo traction equipment
Hypodermic needle — Hollow needles; Intramuscular needles; Intravenous IV needles; Subcutaneous hypodermic needles (see all 5 examples)
Intravenous or arterial extension tubing — Filtered intravenous IV catheter tubing; Non-vented intravenous IV catheter tubing; Vented intravenous IV catheter tubing
Intravenous or arterial infusion single port bags or containers — Bag infusion systems; Closed infusion systems; Open infusion systems; Safety infusion systems
Medical incision drains — Hemovac drains; Jackson-Pratt drains
Medical suction or vacuum appliances — Gastric suction equipment; Intubation suctioning kits
Nebulizer or accessories — Electronic compressor nebulizers; Nebulizers; Portable nebulizers; Ultrasonic nebulizers (see all 6 examples)
Orthopedic traction hardware or weights — Bucks extensions; Traction equipment; Traction weights
Patient care beds or accessories for specialty care — Air fluidized beds; Circo-electric beds; Frames; Rotating bed
Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices or accessories — Ankle restraints; Gait belts; Lap belts; Restraints
Restraint vests and jackets — Posey vests; Safety jackets; Safety vests
Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Handheld spirometers; Personal computer PC-based spirometers; Pocket spirometers; Pulmonary function testing PFT equipment (see all 6 examples)

Technology used in this occupation:

Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software
Medical software — Electronic medical record EMR software; MedicWare software; Personal digital assistants PDA medical software; Telephone triage software (see all 5 examples)
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Spreadsheet software
Word processing software

See all 85 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
90   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
83   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
78   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
77   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
68   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
64   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
59   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
57   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
56   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
54   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
54   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
53   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
52   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
47   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
46   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
43   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
42   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
36   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
26   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
21   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
21   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
20   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
19   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
17   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
14   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
14   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
10   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
75   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
75   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
56   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
56   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
50   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
47   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
41   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
38   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
22   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
  Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
75   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
60   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
56   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
53   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
50   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
47   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
47   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
44   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
44   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
41   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
41   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
38   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
35   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
31   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
28   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
97   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Administer basic health care or medical treatments.
  • Administer intravenous medications.
  • Apply bandages, dressings, or splints.
  • Assist healthcare practitioners during examinations or treatments.
  • Assist patients with hygiene or daily living activities.
  • Prepare patients physically for medical procedures.
  • Treat patients using physical therapy techniques.
94   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain medical facility records.
  • Record patient medical histories.
93   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
89   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
88   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
86   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
83   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
82   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
82   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
80   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
79   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
74   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
71   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
70   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
70   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean medical equipment or facilities.
  • Sterilize medical equipment or instruments.
70   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
69   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
69   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Manage preparation of special meals or diets.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
68   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
67   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
67   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
66   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
66   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Measure the physical or physiological attributes of patients.
  • Test biological specimens to gather information about patient conditions.
64   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Collect biological specimens from patients.
  • Prepare medical supplies or equipment for use.
63   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Schedule patient procedures or appointments.
62   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze quantitative data to determine effectiveness of treatments or therapies.
62   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
59   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
58   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
56   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Perform clerical work in medical settings.
56   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
55   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
47   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
43   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Maintain inventory of medical supplies or equipment.
  • Order medical supplies or equipment.
42   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment.
42   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
36   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
28   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
25   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
25   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
20   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
98   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
97   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
96   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
95   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
94   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
93   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
90   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
86   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
84   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
81   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
79   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
78   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
77   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
76   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
75   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
74   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
73   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
71   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
69   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
69   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
68   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
68   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
68   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
67   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
66   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
63   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
57   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
52   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
50   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
49   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
45   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
38   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
35   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
35   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
34   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
26   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
24   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
21   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
15   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
15   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
12   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
10   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
  Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
  Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
 Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
 Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
43   Post-secondary certificate Help
35   Some college, no degree
20   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
67   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
45   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
95   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
95   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
94   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
94   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
94   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
93   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
89   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
87   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
85   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
84   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
83   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
81   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
79   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
78   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
76   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
68   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
89   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
78   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
72   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
50   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

21-1093.00 Social and Human Service Assistants Bright Outlook
29-1141.01 Acute Care Nurses Bright Outlook
29-2031.00 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians Bright Outlook
29-2053.00 Psychiatric Technicians
29-2054.00 Respiratory Therapy Technicians
29-2099.06 Radiologic Technicians Bright Outlook
31-2011.00 Occupational Therapy Assistants Bright Outlook
31-2021.00 Physical Therapist Assistants   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
31-9091.00 Dental Assistants Bright Outlook
31-9092.00 Medical Assistants Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $20.15 hourly, $41,920 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 738,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 363,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Health Care and Social Assistance (84% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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