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Details Report for:
35-3021.00 - Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food

Perform duties which combine preparing and serving food and nonalcoholic beverages.

Sample of reported job titles: Dietary Aide, Deli Clerk (Delicatessen Clerk), Crew Member, School Cafeteria Cook, Server, Car Hop, Deli Worker (Delicatessen Worker), Food Service Worker, Prep Cook (Preparation Cook), Counter Attendant

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core Serve customers in eating places that specialize in fast service and inexpensive carry-out food.
87   Core Accept payment from customers, and make change as necessary.
85   Core Request and record customer orders, and compute bills using cash registers, multi counting machines, or pencil and paper.
84   Core Clean and organize eating, service, and kitchen areas.
83   Core Notify kitchen personnel of shortages or special orders.
83   Core Communicate with customers regarding orders, comments, and complaints.
82   Core Prepare daily food items, and cook simple foods and beverages, such as sandwiches, salads, soups, pizza, or coffee, using proper safety precautions and sanitary measures.
80   Core Select food items from serving or storage areas and place them in dishes, on serving trays, or in take-out bags.
80   Core Relay food orders to cooks.
78   Core Prepare and serve cold drinks, or frozen milk drinks or desserts, using drink-dispensing, milkshake, or frozen custard machines.
77   Core Collect and return dirty dishes to the kitchen for washing.
76   Core Perform personnel activities such as supervising and training employees.
76   Core Monitor and order supplies or food items and restock as necessary to maintain inventory.
76   Core Cook or reheat food items such as french fries.
72   Core Wash dishes, glassware, and silverware after meals.
75   Supplemental Pack food, dishes, utensils, tablecloths, and accessories for transportation from catering or food preparation establishments to locations designated by customers.
72   Supplemental Distribute food to servers.
71   Supplemental Plan, prepare, and deliver meals to individuals with special dietary needs.
70   Supplemental Arrange tables and decorations according to instructions.
68   Supplemental Provide caterers with assistance in food preparation or service.
61   Supplemental Serve food and beverages to guests at banquets or other social functions.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Carbonated beverage dispenser — Carbonated beverage dispensers
Carts — Motorized food transportation carts
Commercial use cutlery — Chefs' knives
Commercial use deep fryers — Deep fat fryers; Deep wells; Fryers
Commercial use electric can openers — Can openers
Commercial use food choppers or cubers or dicers — Automatic dicers; Food choppers
Commercial use food processors — Food processors
Commercial use food slicers — Automatic slicers; Vertical cutters
Commercial use food warmers — Electric warming tables; Steam counters; Steam tables
Commercial use grills — Grills
Commercial use molds — Patty making machines
Commercial use peelers — Automatic peelers
Commercial use ranges — Stoves
Commercial use scales — Scales
Magnetic stripe readers and encoders — Credit card scanners
Non carbonated beverage dispenser — Non-carbonated beverage dispensers
Point of sale POS receipt printers — Point of sale POS printers
Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS terminals; Point of service workstations

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Menu and nutrition database software
Point of sale POS software — ICVERIFY software; Intuit QuickBooks Point of Sale; NCR Advanced Checkout Solution; NCR NeighborhoodPOS (see all 7 examples)

See all 44 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
76   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
58   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
56   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
52   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
44   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
41   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
39   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
38   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
37   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
35   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
33   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
31   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
31   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
31   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
29   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
28   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
26   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
25   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
25   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
24   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
21   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
21   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
18   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
17   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
16   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
16   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
14   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
14   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
13   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
10   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
60   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
56   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
44   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
44   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
41   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
41   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
38   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
35   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
31   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
16   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
10   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
66   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
44   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
44   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
44   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
44   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
41   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
38   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
38   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
35   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
35   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
35   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
31   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
31   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
31   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
31   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
28   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
28   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
28   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
25   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
25   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
22   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
22   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
16   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
13   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
83   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Communicate with customers to resolve complaints or ensure satisfaction.
73   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
70   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train food preparation or food service personnel.
66   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate dining or order details to kitchen personnel.
66   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
64   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
63   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
63   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
63   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
60   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Arrange food for serving.
  • Assist chefs or caterers with food or drink preparation.
  • Cook foods.
  • Package food or supplies.
  • Prepare hot or cold beverages.
59   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
59   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
56   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
54   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
54   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
53   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
52   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
51   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
51   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
50   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
49   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
48   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
48   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
47   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
45   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Arrange tables or dining areas.
  • Clean food preparation areas, facilities, or equipment.
  • Clean food service areas.
  • Clean tableware.
  • Collect dirty dishes or other tableware.
  • Move equipment, supplies or food to required locations.
  • Serve food or beverages.
44   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
43   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
40   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
39   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
39   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
37   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
36   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
33   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
31   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
31   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Operate cash registers.
  • Process customer bills or payments.
  • Take customer orders.
27   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
26   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
24   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
19   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
12   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


81     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


36     Very close (near touching)
55     Moderately close (at arm's length)
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


65     Constant contact with others
14     Contact with others most of the time
16     No contact with others
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


51     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


47     Continually or almost continually
26     More than half the time
18     About half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


46     Extremely important
25     Very important
14     Important
15     Fairly important
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


58     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
11     About half the time
15     Never
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


45     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


46     Continually or almost continually
29     More than half the time
11     About half the time
14     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


37     Extremely important
23     Very important
25     Important
15     Fairly important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


29     Extremely important
25     Very important
35     Important
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


68     Every day
32     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


50     Every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


29     Extremely important
40     Very important
12     Important
14     Not important at all
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


39     Very high responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
26     Limited responsibility
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


29     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


58     Every day
37     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


49     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


45     Every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


20     Extremely competitive
31     Highly competitive
18     Moderately competitive
20     Slightly competitive
11     Not at all competitive
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


33     Extremely important
20     Very important
14     Fairly important
23     Not important at all
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


45     Some freedom
26     Limited freedom
14     Very little freedom
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


22     Very important results
22     Important results
26     Moderate results
15     Minor results
15     No results
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


37     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
37     Never
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


23     Very high responsibility
14     High responsibility
32     Moderate responsibility
21     No responsibility
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


22     A lot of freedom
20     Some freedom
16     Limited freedom
29     Very little freedom
14     No freedom
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


38     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
37     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


26     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a year or more but not every month
34     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


15     Continually or almost continually
13     About half the time
44     Less than half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


39     More than 40 hours
51     Less than 40 hours
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


22     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


41     Moderately automated
14     Slightly automated
34     Not at all automated
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


16     Very serious
39     Fairly serious
31     Not serious at all
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


15     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
62     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


14     Every day
59     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


14     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
64     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


17     Every day
72     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
63     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


25     About half the time
22     Less than half the time
43     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


22     Important
11     Fairly important
55     Not important at all
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


34     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
61     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


40     Less than half the time
46     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


13     Every day
74     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


24     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


12     Every day
19     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


73     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


84     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


91     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


28     Less than half the time
71     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


14     Less than half the time
82     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


96     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


91     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


96     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


95     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
70   Less than high school diploma
22   High school diploma or equivalent Help
  Post-doctoral training

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
78   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
50   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
39   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
80   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
75   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
72   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
69   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
66   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
65   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
62   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
60   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
59   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
57   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
57   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
55   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
50   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
42   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
41   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
37   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
14   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
11   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
11   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

35-2011.00 Cooks, Fast Food   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
35-2015.00 Cooks, Short Order
35-2021.00 Food Preparation Workers Bright Outlook
35-3022.00 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop Bright Outlook
35-3031.00 Waiters and Waitresses Bright Outlook
35-3041.00 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant Bright Outlook
35-9031.00 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop Bright Outlook
39-3091.00 Amusement and Recreation Attendants Bright Outlook
41-2011.00 Cashiers Bright Outlook
43-5081.01 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $8.81 hourly, $18,330 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 2,969,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,555,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Accommodation and Food Services (85% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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