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Details Report for:
45-2092.01 - Nursery Workers

Work in nursery facilities or at customer location planting, cultivating, harvesting, and transplanting trees, shrubs, or plants.

Sample of reported job titles: Nursery Worker, Grower, Greenhouse Worker, Plant Production Worker, Transplant Worker, Cutter, Field Hand, Garden Center Employee, Harvester, Nursery Harvester

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
71   Core Plant, spray, weed, fertilize, and water plants, shrubs, and trees, using hand tools and gardening tools.
69   Core Harvest plants, and transplant or pot and label them.
67   Core Feel plants' leaves and note their coloring to detect the presence of insects or disease.
66   Core Operate tractors and other machinery and equipment to fertilize, cultivate, harvest, and spray fields and plants.
64   Core Inspect plants and bud ties to assess quality.
63   Core Dig, cut, and transplant seedlings, cuttings, trees, and shrubs.
58   Core Move containerized shrubs, plants, and trees, using wheelbarrows or tractors.
56   Core Clean work areas, and maintain grounds and landscaping.
56   Core Haul and spread topsoil, fertilizer, peat moss, and other materials to condition soil, using wheelbarrows or carts and shovels.
56   Core Maintain and repair irrigation and climate control systems.
68   Supplemental Record information about plants and plant growth.
67   Supplemental Sell and deliver plants and flowers to customers.
66   Supplemental Fill growing tanks with water.
60   Supplemental Tie and bunch flowers, plants, shrubs, and trees, wrap their roots, and pack them into boxes to fill orders.
59   Supplemental Regulate greenhouse conditions, and indoor and outdoor irrigation systems.
59   Supplemental Dig, rake, and screen soil, filling cold frames and hot beds in preparation for planting.
59   Supplemental Dip cut flowers into disinfectant, count them into bunches, and place them in boxes to prepare them for storage and shipping.
58   Supplemental Sow grass seed, or plant plugs of grass.
56   Supplemental Maintain inventory, ordering materials as required.
55   Supplemental Cut, roll, and stack sod.
55   Supplemental Provide information and advice to the public regarding the selection, purchase, and care of products.
52   Supplemental Fold and staple corrugated forms to make boxes used for packing horticultural products.
52   Supplemental Trap and destroy pests such as moles, gophers, and mice, using pesticides.
42   Supplemental Graft plants and trees into different rootstock to reduce disease by inserting and tying buds into incisions in rootstock.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Agricultural rollers — Bed formers; Bed rollers; Drum rollers
Broadcast spreaders — Garden hand seeders; Mulch spreaders; Rotary spreaders; Sand spreaders
Calipers — Digital calipers; Tree calipers
Cultivators — Garden cultivators; Rotary tillers
Digging bars — Bulb planters; Tree feeding augers; Tree planting bars
Greenhouse ventilation equipment — Carbon dioxide systems; Greenhouse ventilation systems; Humidifiers; Humidity systems
Hand sprayers — Hand held sprayers; Hose-end sprayers; Tree marking guns
Lawnmowers — Reel mowers; Rotary mowers; Vertical mowers
Power drills — Hand drills; Portable electric drills
Rakes — Garden bow rakes; Leaf rakes
Saws — Arborist saws; Bow saws; Compass saws; Pruning saws
Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
Secateurs or pruning shears — Grass shears; Loppers; Root pruning scissors; Thorn strippers (see all 13 examples)
Spades — Garden spades; Garden spading forks
Tape measures — Measuring tapes; Tree diameter tapes
Utility knives — Bench grafting knives; Budding knives; Pruning knives; Rose budding knives (see all 6 examples)
Water sprinklers — Impulse sprinklers; Oscillating sprinklers

Technology used in this occupation:

Electronic mail software — IBM Lotus Notes
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all 95 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
51   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
46   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
45   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
44   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
41   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
38   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
36   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
34   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
33   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
33   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
30   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
27   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
26   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
26   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
26   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
25   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
23   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
23   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
22   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
19   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
18   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
17   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
16   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
16   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
15   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
14   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
12   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
10   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
10   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
50   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
47   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
44   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
44   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
41   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
41   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
38   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
38   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
38   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
38   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
38   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
35   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
35   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
35   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
25   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
22   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
16   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
13   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
63   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
63   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
60   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
60   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
60   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
56   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
53   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
53   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
50   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
50   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
47   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
44   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
44   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
44   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
44   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
41   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
41   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
41   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
38   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
38   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
35   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
35   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
35   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
28   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
28   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
25   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
10   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
70   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply chemical solutions to plants to protect against disease or insects or to enhance growth.
  • Build agricultural structures.
  • Capture or kill animals.
  • Cut trees or logs.
  • Package agricultural products for shipment or further processing.
64   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
63   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Harvest agricultural products.
  • Plant crops, trees, or other plants.
  • Prepare land for agricultural use.
  • Transport animals, crops, or equipment.
60   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
58   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
57   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification.
56   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
54   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
51   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
51   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
51   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
50   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Evaluate quality of plants or crops.
49   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
49   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
48   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
47   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
46   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
45   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate farming equipment.
  • Operate irrigation systems.
45   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
44   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
44   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain operational records.
43   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
39   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
39   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
38   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
38   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
37   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
36   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
34   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
32   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
32   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
30   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others on farming or forestry operations, regulations, or equipment.
30   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
29   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
28   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
27   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Sell agricultural products.
25   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
22   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
22   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
22   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
17   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


55     Continually or almost continually
16     About half the time
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


74     Every day
12     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


38     Every day
42     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


46     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


53     Moderately close (at arm's length)
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


54     Continually or almost continually
11     More than half the time
18     About half the time
12     Less than half the time
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


32     Continually or almost continually
40     More than half the time
13     About half the time
15     Less than half the time
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


33     Constant contact with others
47     Contact with others most of the time
14     No contact with others
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


41     More than 40 hours
58     40 hours
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


43     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


53     Continually or almost continually
34     Less than half the time
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


26     Continually or almost continually
43     More than half the time
26     Less than half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


54     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


26     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


50     Every day
26     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


40     Very important
37     Important
15     Fairly important
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


31     Every day
34     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


34     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


29     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


41     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Never
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


13     Every day
54     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


16     A lot of freedom
23     Some freedom
29     Limited freedom
16     Very little freedom
16     No freedom
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


28     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
28     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


24     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


24     Continually or almost continually
20     More than half the time
31     Less than half the time
19     Never
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


17     A lot of freedom
11     Some freedom
30     Limited freedom
30     Very little freedom
11     No freedom
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


20     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
44     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


26     Very important
38     Important
13     Fairly important
19     Not important at all
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


35     Very important
20     Important
23     Fairly important
19     Not important at all
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


31     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
51     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


31     Once a week or more but not every day
37     Once a month or more but not every week
31     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


35     Very important
43     Fairly important
15     Not important at all
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


13     Every day
43     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


25     Very important
22     Important
19     Fairly important
27     Not important at all
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


24     Very serious
27     Serious
23     Fairly serious
24     Not serious at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


42     Important
33     Fairly important
15     Not important at all
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


17     Seasonal (only during certain times of the year)
42     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
41     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


15     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
46     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


21     High responsibility
22     Limited responsibility
27     No responsibility
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


23     Every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
51     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


24     Highly competitive
20     Moderately competitive
31     Not at all competitive
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


13     High responsibility
31     Moderate responsibility
16     Limited responsibility
35     No responsibility
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


18     Important results
18     Moderate results
19     Minor results
40     No results
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


12     Moderately automated
42     Slightly automated
37     Not at all automated
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
49     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


12     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
68     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


16     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
63     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


35     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


12     About half the time
45     Less than half the time
39     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


16     About half the time
42     Less than half the time
42     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


12     Every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


57     Less than half the time
43     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
79     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


95     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
57   High school diploma or equivalent Help
23   Less than high school diploma
13   Doctoral degree

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
17   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
  Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
76   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
73   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
70   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
63   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
61   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
60   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
59   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
59   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
53   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
52   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
52   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
44   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
42   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
39   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
38   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
33   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
33   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
22   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
22   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
11   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

37-2011.00 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners Bright Outlook
37-3011.00 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
39-2021.00 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers
45-2093.00 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals
47-2061.00 Construction Laborers Bright Outlook   Green Occupation Green
47-3011.00 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters Bright Outlook
47-5051.00 Rock Splitters, Quarry
49-3093.00 Tire Repairers and Changers
51-9198.00 Helpers--Production Workers Bright Outlook
53-6031.00 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse.
Employment data collected from Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse.
Industry data collected from Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse.

Median wages (2013) $9.00 hourly, $18,710 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 597,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 181,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (88% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Agricultural Workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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