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Details Report for:
51-9081.00 - Dental Laboratory Technicians

Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances.

Sample of reported job titles: Crown and Bridge Dental Lab Technician, Dental Ceramist, Dental Laboratory Technician (Dental Lab Technician), Dental Technician (Dental Tech), Denture Technician, Metal Finisher, Model and Dye Person, Orthodontic Laboratory Technician (Orthodontic Lab Technician), Porcelain Technician, Waxer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
95   Core Read prescriptions or specifications and examine models or impressions to determine the design of dental products to be constructed.
91   Core Test appliances for conformance to specifications and accuracy of occlusion, using articulators and micrometers.
90   Core Melt metals or mix plaster, porcelain, or acrylic pastes and pour materials into molds or over frameworks to form dental prostheses or apparatus.
88   Core Create a model of patient's mouth by pouring plaster into a dental impression and allowing plaster to set.
87   Core Place tooth models on apparatus that mimics bite and movement of patient's jaw to evaluate functionality of model.
87   Core Fabricate, alter, or repair dental devices, such as dentures, crowns, bridges, inlays, or appliances for straightening teeth.
83   Core Remove excess metal or porcelain and polish surfaces of prostheses or frameworks, using polishing machines.
92   Supplemental Apply porcelain paste or wax over prosthesis frameworks or setups, using brushes and spatulas.
88   Supplemental Prepare metal surfaces for bonding with porcelain to create artificial teeth, using small hand tools.
87   Supplemental Load newly constructed teeth into porcelain furnaces to bake the porcelain onto the metal framework.
86   Supplemental Build and shape wax teeth, using small hand instruments and information from observations or dentists' specifications.
76   Supplemental Mold wax over denture setups to form the full contours of artificial gums.
74   Supplemental Rebuild or replace linings, wire sections, or missing teeth to repair dentures.
74   Supplemental Prepare wax bite blocks and impression trays for use.
71   Supplemental Train or supervise other dental technicians or dental laboratory bench workers.
71   Supplemental Shape and solder wire and metal frames or bands for dental products, using soldering irons and hand tools.
67   Supplemental Fill chipped or low spots in surfaces of devices, using acrylic resins.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Amalgam carriers — Amalgam dispensers; Amalgam instruments
Dental articulators or accessories — Adjustable articulators; Anatomic articulators; Arcon articulators; Semiadjustable articulators (see all 5 examples)
Dental finishing or polishing discs — Build-up brushes; Dental buffing wheels; Prophylaxis brushes; Soft brushes (see all 9 examples)
Dental laboratory burners or torches — Casting torches; Dental laboratory alcohol torches; Dental laboratory torches
Dental laboratory casting machines or its parts or accessories — Crucible formers; Dental laboratory centrifugal casting units; Dental laboratory pressure molding devices; Flask presses (see all 5 examples)
Dental laboratory furnaces — Dental ovens; Electric burnout furnaces; Inlay furnaces; Porcelain furnaces (see all 5 examples)
Dental laboratory lathes or accessories — Conventional lathes; Dental laboratory bench lathes; Dental laboratory high-speed lathes; Dental laboratory pumice lathes
Dental laboratory model trimmers or accessories — Crown holders; Dental laboratory model trimmers
Dental laboratory vacuum units or supplies — Dental laboratory vacuum extractors; Dental laboratory vacuum formers; Dental laboratory vacuum-mixing devices
Laboratory balances — Clinical scales; Electronic precision balances

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Bookkeeping software; Intuit QuickBooks software
Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software
Data base user interface and query software — Easy Solutions Easy Lab; Inventrix Labtrac; Laboratory Systems Group Lab Manager; Mainstreet Systems & Software DentaLab/PC II (see all 7 examples)
Electronic mail software — Email software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Computer imaging software; Graphics software
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Inventory management software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Mainstreet Systems & Software DentaRX; Microsoft Word

See all 77 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
87   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
80   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
79   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
73   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
66   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
63   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
62   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
59   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
56   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
54   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
49   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
45   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
42   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
39   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
39   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
39   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
37   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
36   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
29   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
27   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
23   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
21   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
21   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
21   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
17   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
11   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
56   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
53   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
53   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
53   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
50   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
38   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
28   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
28   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
28   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
28   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
25   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
25   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
66   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
63   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
44   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
38   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
38   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
35   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
31   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
28   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
28   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
19   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
13   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
  Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
82   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
71   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
70   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
69   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
69   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
67   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
66   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
65   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
63   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
61   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
59   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply parting agents or other solutions to molds.
  • Cast molds of patient anatomies to create medical or dental devices.
  • Construct customized assistive medical or dental devices.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
  • Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products.
  • Shape metal workpieces with hammers or other small hand tools.
  • Solder parts or workpieces.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces.
59   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect medical or dental assistive devices.
59   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
56   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
55   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
55   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure clients to ensure proper product fit.
53   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
52   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
51   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Instruct workers to use equipment or perform technical procedures.
46   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
45   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
44   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Repair medical or dental assistive devices.
43   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
42   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
42   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
40   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
40   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct operational or production activities.
40   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
35   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
34   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
34   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
33   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Load items into ovens or furnaces.
  • Mix ingredients to create specific finishes.
  • Place materials into molds.
33   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
32   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
28   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
28   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
27   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
23   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
20   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
14   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
13   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


98     Every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


97     Every day
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


91     Continually or almost continually
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


92     Every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


86     Extremely important
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


88     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


80     Every day
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


57     Continually or almost continually
28     More than half the time
15     About half the time
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


49     A lot of freedom
28     Some freedom
15     Limited freedom
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


39     Continually or almost continually
40     More than half the time
12     Less than half the time
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


60     Every day
19     Never
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


33     A lot of freedom
28     Some freedom
31     Limited freedom
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


47     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


63     Every day
30     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


59     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


43     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a year or more but not every month
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


29     Constant contact with others
33     Contact with others most of the time
30     Occasional contact with others
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


41     Extremely important
19     Very important
22     Fairly important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


32     Very important results
28     Important results
16     Moderate results
16     Minor results
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


30     Every day
44     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


40     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


33     Extremely important
30     Very important
16     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


24     More than 40 hours
69     40 hours
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


14     Extremely competitive
36     Highly competitive
22     Moderately competitive
19     Not at all competitive
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


31     Moderately close (at arm's length)
49     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
14     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


25     Extremely important
22     Very important
20     Fairly important
24     Not important at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


32     Very high responsibility
25     Limited responsibility
24     No responsibility
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


21     Very high responsibility
11     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
18     Limited responsibility
26     No responsibility
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


12     Extremely serious
16     Very serious
27     Serious
31     Fairly serious
15     Not serious at all
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


31     Extremely important
12     Important
18     Fairly important
38     Not important at all
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


17     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a year or more but not every month
34     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
31     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


28     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
57     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


21     Less than half the time
55     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


15     About half the time
60     Less than half the time
24     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


22     Moderately automated
34     Slightly automated
44     Not at all automated
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


22     Very important
69     Not important at all
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


35     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
65     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


48     Less than half the time
44     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


15     Every day
84     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


16     Every day
84     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


19     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


14     Every day
84     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


87     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
81     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


95     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


91     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


13     Less than half the time
87     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


92     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


93     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


100     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


100     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
43   High school diploma or equivalent Help
22   Post-secondary certificate Help
17   Associate's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
67   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
56   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
17   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
85   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
84   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
82   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
80   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
79   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
79   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
78   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
78   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
71   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
70   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
69   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
67   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
66   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
42   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
53   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

31-9093.00 Medical Equipment Preparers
51-2023.00 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers
51-4121.07 Solderers and Brazers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
51-5113.00 Print Binding and Finishing Workers
51-6093.00 Upholsterers
51-9021.00 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-9071.01 Jewelers
51-9082.00 Medical Appliance Technicians
51-9083.00 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians
51-9151.00 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $17.52 hourly, $36,440 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 39,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 14,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Manufacturing (78% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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