Summary Report for:
39-5091.00 - Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance
Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.
Sample of reported job titles: Commercial Makeup Artist, Hair and Makeup Designer, Makeup Artist, Prosthetic Makeup Designer, Special Effects Makeup Artist
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Confer with stage or motion picture officials and performers in order to determine desired effects.
- Duplicate work precisely in order to replicate characters' appearances on a daily basis.
- Establish budgets, and work within budgetary limits.
- Apply makeup to enhance, and/or alter the appearance of people appearing in productions such as movies.
- Alter or maintain makeup during productions as necessary to compensate for lighting changes or to achieve continuity of effect.
- Select desired makeup shades from stock, or mix oil, grease, and coloring in order to achieve specific color effects.
- Cleanse and tone the skin in order to prepare it for makeup application.
- Assess performers' skin-type in order to ensure that make-up will not cause break-outs or skin irritations.
- Analyze a script, noting events that affect each character's appearance, so that plans can be made for each scene.
- Requisition or acquire needed materials for special effects, including wigs, beards, and special cosmetics.
- Write makeup sheets and take photos in order to document specific looks and the products that were used to achieve the looks.
- Examine sketches, photographs, and plaster models in order to obtain desired character image depiction.
- Attach prostheses to performers and apply makeup in order to create special features or effects such as scars, aging, or illness.
- Evaluate environmental characteristics such as venue size and lighting plans in order to determine makeup requirements.
- Design rubber or plastic prostheses that can be used to change performers' appearances.
- Create character drawings or models, based upon independent research, in order to augment period production files.
- Advise hairdressers on the hairstyles required for character parts.
- Study production information, such as character descriptions, period settings, and situations in order to determine makeup requirements.
- Provide performers with makeup removal assistance after performances have been completed.
- Wash and reset wigs.
- Demonstrate products to clients, and provide instruction in makeup application.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air brushes — Airbrushing tools
- Contact lenses — Colored contact lenses
- Costumes or accessories — Wigs
- Digital cameras — Digital still cameras
- Hair combs or brushes — Eyebrow combs
- Hand sprayers — Spritzer bottles
- Makeup kits — Eye shadow brushes; Fan brushes; Round brushes; Smudge brushes (see all 19 examples)
- Manual pencil sharpener — Makeup pencil sharpeners
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Palette knives — Makeup blending spatulas
- Palettes for paint or ink mixing — Mixing palettes
- Personal computers
- Tablet computers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — Clear Books; Intuit QuickBooks software
- Calendar and scheduling software — Appointment scheduling software
- Data base user interface and query software — Bookitlive; Client databases
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop; DatInf DigiMakeup; SavingFace
- Instant messaging software — Instagram; Twitter
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Web page creation and editing software — Blogging software; Facebook
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
Detailed Work Activities
- Apply cleansing or conditioning agents to client hair, scalp, or skin.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Assess skin or hair conditions.
- Groom wigs or hairpieces.
- Apply makeup to alter or enhance appearance.
- Collaborate with others to determine production details.
- Teach health or hygiene practices.
- Manage budgets for personal services operations.
- Demonstrate activity techniques or equipment use.
- Prepare operational reports or records.
- Design costumes or cosmetic effects for characters.
- Review production information to determine costume or makeup requirements.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 82% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 82% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Contact With Others — 73% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Electronic Mail — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 73% responded “Extremely important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 81% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Level of Competition — 55% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Time Pressure — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 43% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 68% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 55% responded “Important results.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 36% responded “More than half the time.”
- Letters and Memos — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 52% responded “Some freedom.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 62% responded “Some freedom.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 45% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Deal With External Customers — 32% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 32% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 36% responded “High responsibility.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 23% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 33% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 27% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|32||High school diploma or equivalent|
|18||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: AR
- Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$21.30 hourly, $44,310 annual|
|Employment (2012)||3,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||300|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.