Summary Report for:
45-4021.00 - Fallers
Use axes or chainsaws to fell trees using knowledge of tree characteristics and cutting techniques to control direction of fall and minimize tree damage.
Sample of reported job titles: Cutter Operator, Logger, Sawyer, Timber Cutter, Timber Faller, Tree Faller, Tree Feller, Tree Topper
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Stop saw engines, pull cutting bars from cuts, and run to safety as tree falls.
- Appraise trees for certain characteristics, such as twist, rot, and heavy limb growth, and gauge amount and direction of lean, to determine how to control the direction of a tree's fall with the least damage.
- Saw back-cuts, leaving sufficient sound wood to control direction of fall.
- Clear brush from work areas and escape routes, and cut saplings and other trees from direction of falls, using axes, chainsaws, or bulldozers.
- Measure felled trees and cut them into specified log lengths, using chain saws and axes.
- Assess logs after cutting to ensure that the quality and length are correct.
- Determine position, direction, and depth of cuts to be made, and placement of wedges or jacks.
- Control the direction of a tree's fall by scoring cutting lines with axes, sawing undercuts along scored lines with chainsaws, knocking slabs from cuts with single-bit axes, and driving wedges.
- Trim off the tops and limbs of trees, using chainsaws, delimbers, or axes.
- Select trees to be cut down, assessing factors such as site, terrain, and weather conditions before beginning work.
- Maintain and repair chainsaws and other equipment, cleaning, oiling, and greasing equipment, and sharpening equipment properly.
- Insert jacks or drive wedges behind saws to prevent binding of saws and to start trees falling.
- Tag unsafe trees with high-visibility ribbons.
- Secure steel cables or chains to logs for dragging by tractors or for pulling by cable yarding systems.
- Load logs or wood onto trucks, trailers, or railroad cars, by hand or using loaders or winches.
- Mark logs for identification.
- Work as a member of a team, rotating between chain saw operation and skidder operation.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Agricultural helicopters — Forestry helicopters
- Agricultural tractors — Logging tractors
- Air or gas tanks or cylinders — Combi cans; Gas cans
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
- Cargo trucks — Logging trucks
- Conventional truck cranes — Forwarder cranes
- Detonators — Remote detonation systems
- Ear muffs — Protective ear muffs
- Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency first aid kits
- Fire extinguishers — Portable dry chemical fire extinguishers
- Flat hand file — Flat files
- Forestry increment borers — Resistographs
- Forestry skidders — Log skidders; Rubber tire skidders
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Grapples — Timber tongs
- Hard hats — Protective hard hats
- Harvesters — Mechanical tree harvesters
- Jacks — Hydraulic jacks
- Lifting cables — Guylines; Haulback lines; Skylines; Strawlines (see all 5 examples)
- Lumbering equipment — Chain flail delimbers; Grapple yarders; Self-loading log transporters; Tower yarders (see all 9 examples)
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Personal computers
- Pocket calculator — Pocket calculators
- Positioning jig — Sharpening jigs
- Power chippers — Wood chippers
- Power saws — Chain saws
- Protective pants — Chain saw chaps
- Round file — Round files
- Safety boots — Caulk boots
- Safety glasses — Protective safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Climbing belts
- Safety horns — Warning whistles
- Safety shoes — Tree climbing spikes
- Salvage ships — Logging boats
- Screwdrivers — Tuning screwdrivers
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — File sharpeners
- Shovels — Snow shovels
- Specialty wrenches — Screnches
- Tablet computers
- Tachometers — Digital tachometers
- Tape measures — Diameter tape measures
- Track bulldozers — Wide track bulldozers
- Track loaders — Knuckleboom loaders
- Tug boats — Boom boats
- Two way radios — Frequency modulation FM two way radios
- Ultrasonic examination equipment — Impact resonance devices; Sonic devices
- Wedges — Felling wedges
- Winches — Hand winches
- Wood auger bit — Auger bits
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — BCS Woodlands Software The Logger Tracker
- Analytical or scientific software — Assisi Software Assisi Compiler; Assisi Software Assisi Resource
- Data base user interface and query software — Assisi Software Assisi Manager
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — BCS Woodlands Software Woodlands Tracker
- Inventory management software — Assisi Software Assisi Inventory
- Map creation software — ESRI ArcView
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
No knowledge met the minimum score.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Detailed Work Activities
- Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment.
- Cut trees or logs.
- Operate forestry equipment.
- Evaluate log quality.
- Evaluate quality of plants or crops.
- Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification.
- Trim trees or other vegetation.
- Measure physical characteristics of forestry or agricultural products.
- Determine forestry techniques or methods.
- Attach equipment extensions or accessories.
- Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment.
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 94% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 97% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 82% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 85% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 72% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Standing — 60% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 52% responded “Very important results.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 57% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 42% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 41% responded “More than half the time.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 52% responded “High responsibility.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 47% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 37% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — 61% responded “More than half the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 29% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 34% responded “Very important.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 28% responded “More than half the time.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 24% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 32% responded “Highly competitive.”
|Title||Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed|
|Education||Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.|
|Related Experience||Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.|
|SVP Range||(Below 4.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|56||Less than high school diploma|
|44||High school diploma or equivalent|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$17.50 hourly, $36,400 annual|
|Employment (2014)||8,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||2,000|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Logging workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.