Summary Report for:
47-2053.00 - Terrazzo Workers and Finishers
Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.
Sample of reported job titles: Grinder, Installer, Terrazzo Finisher, Terrazzo Grinder, Terrazzo Installer, Terrazzo Journeyman, Terrazzo Laborer, Terrazzo Mechanic, Terrazzo Tile Setter, Terrazzo Worker
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Measure designated amounts of ingredients for terrazzo or grout according to standard formulas and specifications, using graduated containers and scales, and load ingredients into portable mixer.
- Cut metal division strips and press them into the terrazzo base for joints or changes of color to form designs or patterns or to help prevent cracks.
- Blend marble chip mixtures, place into panels, and push a roller over the surface to embed the chips.
- Grind surfaces with a power grinder or polish surfaces with polishing or surfacing machines.
- Modify mixing, grouting, grinding, or cleaning procedures, according to type of installation or material used.
- Grind curved surfaces or areas inaccessible to surfacing machine, such as stairways or cabinet tops, with portable hand grinder.
- Spread, level, or smooth concrete or terrazzo mixtures to form bases or finished surfaces, using rakes, shovels, hand or power trowels, hand or power screeds, or floats.
- Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, or straightedges.
- Wash polished terrazzo surface, using cleaner and water, and apply sealer and curing agent according to manufacturer's specifications, using brush or sprayer.
- Mix cement, sand, and water to produce concrete, grout, or slurry, using hoe, trowel, tamper, scraper, or concrete-mixing machine.
- Sprinkle colored marble or stone chips, powdered steel, or coloring powder over surface to produce prescribed finish.
- Position and secure moisture membrane and wire mesh in preparation for pouring base materials for terrazzo installation.
- Wet surface to prepare for bonding, fill holes and cracks with grout or slurry, and smooth with a trowel.
- Clean installation site, mixing and storage areas, tools, machines, and equipment, and store materials and equipment.
- Fill slight grinding depressions with matching grout material and hand trowel for a smooth, uniform surface.
- Chip, scrape, or grind high spots, ridges, or rough projections to finish concrete, using pneumatic chisel, hand chisel, or other hand tools.
- Repair concrete by cutting out damaged areas, drilling holes for reinforcing rods, and positioning reinforcing rods, using power saw and drill.
- Move terrazzo installation materials, tools, machines, or work devices to work areas, manually or using wheelbarrow.
- Clean chipped area, using wire brush, and feel and observe surface to determine if it is rough or uneven.
- Build wooden molds, clamping molds around areas to be repaired, or setting up frames to the proper depth and alignment.
- Signal truck driver to position truck to facilitate pouring concrete and move chute to direct concrete on forms.
- Spread roofing paper on surface of foundation and spread concrete onto roofing paper with trowel to form terrazzo base.
- Precast terrazzo blocks in wooden forms.
- Produce rough concrete surface, using broom.
- Wet concrete surface and rub with stone to smooth surface and obtain specified finish.
- Remove frames when the foundation is dry.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- C clamps — Locking C-clamps
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Concrete spreaders — Hand screeds; Power screeds
- Desktop computers
- Floats — Concrete floats
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grinding or polishing machines — Polishing machines
- Hand sprayers — Handheld sprayers
- Masks or accessories — Dust masks
- Notebook computers
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Portable mortar mixers
- Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic chisels
- Power buffers — Buffing machines
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Portable hand grinders; Surfacing machines
- Power sanders — Floor sanders
- Power saws
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Putty knives
- Shears — Metal shears
- Stonemason chisel — Hand chisels
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Trowels — Hand trowels; Jointers; Power trowels; Rake jointers
- Wire brushes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Detailed Work Activities
- Install masonry materials.
- Pour materials into or on designated areas.
- Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
- Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
- Prepare surfaces for finishing.
- Clean equipment or facilities.
- Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
- Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
- Cut metal components for installation.
- Position structural components.
- Clean work sites.
- Load materials into construction equipment.
- Align masonry materials.
- Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
- Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
- Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning.
- Apply decorative masonry finishes.
- Drill holes in construction materials.
- Install roofing materials.
- Position construction forms or molds.
- Finish concrete surfaces.
- Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
- Build construction forms or molds.
- Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 77% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 80% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 58% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 45% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Telephone — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 58% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Standing — 58% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 51% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 42% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 45% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 40% responded “More than half the time.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 42% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 37% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 35% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 37% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 29% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 60% responded “40 hours.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 28% responded “Important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 32% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Physical Proximity — 46% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 27% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 42% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 24% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|62||High school diploma or equivalent|
|30||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: R
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$18.79 hourly, $39,090 annual|
|Employment (2012)||4,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||1,100|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Cement Masons and Terrazzo Workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.