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Details Report for:
47-2053.00 - Terrazzo Workers and Finishers

Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.

Sample of reported job titles: Terrazzo Finisher, Terrazzo Mechanic, Terrazzo Worker, Terrazo Tile Setter, Terrazzo Installer, Terrazzo Grinder, Terrazzo Laborer, Terrazzo Helper, Terrazzo Journeyman, Terrazzo Setter

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
83   Core Measure designated amounts of ingredients for terrazzo or grout according to standard formulas and specifications, using graduated containers and scales, and load ingredients into portable mixer.
80   Core Cut metal division strips and press them into the terrazzo base for joints or changes of color to form designs or patterns or to help prevent cracks.
79   Core Blend marble chip mixtures, place into panels, and push a roller over the surface to embed the chips.
78   Core Grind surfaces with a power grinder or polish surfaces with polishing or surfacing machines.
77   Core Modify mixing, grouting, grinding, or cleaning procedures, according to type of installation or material used.
76   Core Grind curved surfaces or areas inaccessible to surfacing machine, such as stairways or cabinet tops, with portable hand grinder.
76   Core Spread, level, or smooth concrete or terrazzo mixtures to form bases or finished surfaces, using rakes, shovels, hand or power trowels, hand or power screeds, or floats.
75   Core Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, or straightedges.
75   Core Wash polished terrazzo surface, using cleaner and water, and apply sealer and curing agent according to manufacturer's specifications, using brush or sprayer.
74   Core Mix cement, sand, and water to produce concrete, grout, or slurry, using hoe, trowel, tamper, scraper, or concrete-mixing machine.
74   Core Sprinkle colored marble or stone chips, powdered steel, or coloring powder over surface to produce prescribed finish.
74   Core Position and secure moisture membrane and wire mesh in preparation for pouring base materials for terrazzo installation.
73   Core Wet surface to prepare for bonding, fill holes and cracks with grout or slurry, and smooth with a trowel.
72   Core Clean installation site, mixing and storage areas, tools, machines, and equipment, and store materials and equipment.
67   Core Fill slight grinding depressions with matching grout material and hand trowel for a smooth, uniform surface.
65   Core Chip, scrape, or grind high spots, ridges, or rough projections to finish concrete, using pneumatic chisel, hand chisel, or other hand tools.
64   Core Repair concrete by cutting out damaged areas, drilling holes for reinforcing rods, and positioning reinforcing rods, using power saw and drill.
62   Core Move terrazzo installation materials, tools, machines, or work devices to work areas, manually or using wheelbarrow.
61   Core Clean chipped area, using wire brush, and feel and observe surface to determine if it is rough or uneven.
67   Supplemental Build wooden molds, clamping molds around areas to be repaired, or setting up frames to the proper depth and alignment.
63   Supplemental Signal truck driver to position truck to facilitate pouring concrete and move chute to direct concrete on forms.
63   Supplemental Spread roofing paper on surface of foundation and spread concrete onto roofing paper with trowel to form terrazzo base.
60   Supplemental Precast terrazzo blocks in wooden forms.
57   Supplemental Produce rough concrete surface, using broom.
56   Supplemental Wet concrete surface and rub with stone to smooth surface and obtain specified finish.
53   Supplemental Remove frames when the foundation is dry.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

C clamps — Locking C-clamps
Concrete spreaders — Hand screeds; Power screeds
Floats — Concrete floats
Goggles — Safety goggles
Grinding or polishing machines — Polishing machines
Hand sprayers — Handheld sprayers
Masks or accessories — Dust masks
Plaster or mortar mixers — Portable mortar mixers
Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic chisels
Power buffers — Buffing machines
Power grinders — Portable hand grinders; Surfacing machines
Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
Shears — Metal shears
Stonemason chisel — Hand chisels
Straight edges — Straightedges
Trowels — Hand trowels; Jointers; Power trowels; Rake jointers

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — CPR International GeneralCOST Estimator; Intuit QuickBooks software; Sapro Systems Paymee
Analytical or scientific software — Construction Management Software ProEst
Project management software — CPR Visual Estimator; On Center Quick Bid
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel

See all 30 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
67   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
58   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
54   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
52   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
49   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
48   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
48   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
46   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
38   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
33   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
33   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
32   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
32   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
30   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
27   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
24   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
23   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
20   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
18   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
16   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
14   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
13   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
11   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
10   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
10   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
44   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
44   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
44   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
41   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
41   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
41   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
41   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
38   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
35   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
35   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
35   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
28   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
25   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
25   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
22   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
22   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
19   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
16   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
13   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
13   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
66   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
63   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
60   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
56   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
56   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
56   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
53   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
53   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
47   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
44   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
44   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
44   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
44   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
41   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
38   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
38   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
35   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
31   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
28   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
28   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
25   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
19   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
13   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
73   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
  • Clean work sites.
  • Finish concrete surfaces.
  • Load materials into construction equipment.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
  • Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas.
  • Prepare surfaces for finishing.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
71   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
71   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Align masonry materials.
  • Apply decorative masonry finishes.
  • Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
  • Build construction forms or molds.
  • Cut metal components for installation.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
  • Drill holes in construction materials.
  • Install masonry materials.
  • Install roofing materials.
  • Position construction forms or molds.
  • Position structural components.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
63   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning.
63   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
62   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete.
61   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
56   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
56   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
54   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
54   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
50   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
50   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
48   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
47   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
47   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
47   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
45   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
45   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
45   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
44   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
42   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
41   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
40   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
39   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
37   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
37   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
36   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
34   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
33   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
33   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
32   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
31   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
31   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
30   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
26   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
22   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
17   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
16   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
14   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


91     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


77     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


80     Continually or almost continually
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


76     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


62     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


58     A lot of freedom
27     Some freedom
13     Limited freedom
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


71     Every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


45     A lot of freedom
36     Some freedom
16     Limited freedom
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


46     Every day
46     Once a week or more but not every day
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


58     Very important results
18     Important results
14     Moderate results
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


58     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
12     About half the time
15     Less than half the time
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


51     Constant contact with others
30     Contact with others most of the time
11     Occasional contact with others
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


42     Very high responsibility
32     High responsibility
20     Moderate responsibility
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


44     Extremely important
30     Very important
11     Important
15     Fairly important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


45     Very high responsibility
23     High responsibility
24     Moderate responsibility
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


34     Continually or almost continually
40     More than half the time
13     About half the time
12     Less than half the time
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


42     Extremely important
29     Very important
22     Fairly important
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


37     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


28     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


35     Continually or almost continually
25     More than half the time
23     About half the time
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


37     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


39     Continually or almost continually
18     More than half the time
17     About half the time
22     Less than half the time
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


29     Continually or almost continually
27     More than half the time
21     About half the time
23     Less than half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


32     More than 40 hours
60     40 hours
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


24     Extremely important
27     Very important
28     Important
13     Not important at all
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


20     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


12     Very close (near touching)
46     Moderately close (at arm's length)
14     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
20     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


27     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
16     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


39     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


42     Highly competitive
33     Moderately competitive
12     Slightly competitive
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


14     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
16     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


21     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
24     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


11     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


12     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


16     Extremely serious
16     Very serious
24     Serious
27     Fairly serious
18     Not serious at all
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


13     Extremely important
15     Very important
36     Important
11     Fairly important
25     Not important at all
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


13     Every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
16     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
24     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


20     Very important
32     Important
14     Fairly important
29     Not important at all
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


19     Very important
33     Important
34     Not important at all
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a year or more but not every month
25     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


26     Every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
54     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


28     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


56     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


52     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
47     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


34     Once a year or more but not every month
47     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


22     Moderately automated
14     Slightly automated
57     Not at all automated
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


29     Less than half the time
56     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


35     Once a year or more but not every month
54     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


39     Once a year or more but not every month
53     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


40     Less than half the time
53     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


81     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


83     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


20     Less than half the time
74     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
85     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


99     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
62   High school diploma or equivalent Help
30   Less than high school diploma
  Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
17   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
87   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
78   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
77   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
73   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
70   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
69   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
69   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
67   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
66   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
65   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
64   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
62   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
60   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
59   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
42   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
17   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2031.01 Construction Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2041.00 Carpet Installers
47-2043.00 Floor Sanders and Finishers
47-2044.00 Tile and Marble Setters
47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2121.00 Glaziers
47-3012.00 Helpers--Carpenters   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
47-4031.00 Fence Erectors Bright Outlook
51-7041.00 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood
51-9122.00 Painters, Transportation Equipment

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $18.80 hourly, $39,100 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 4,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (89% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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