Summary Report for:
47-2081.00 - Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Includes lathers who fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster, fire-proofing, or acoustical material.
Sample of reported job titles: Ceiling Installer, Dry Wall Installer, Drywall Finisher, Drywall Hanger, Drywall Mechanic, Exterior Interior Specialist, Metal Framer, Metal Stud Framer, Sheetrock Hanger, Sheetrock Installer
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Measure and mark surfaces to lay out work, according to blueprints or drawings, using tape measures, straightedges or squares, and marking devices.
- Read blueprints or other specifications to determine methods of installation, work procedures, or material or tool requirements.
- Fit and fasten wallboard or drywall into position on wood or metal frameworks, using glue, nails, or screws.
- Hang dry lines to wall moldings to guide positioning of main runners.
- Measure and cut openings in panels or tiles for electrical outlets, windows, vents, plumbing, or other fixtures, using keyhole saws or other cutting tools.
- Hang drywall panels on metal frameworks of walls and ceilings in offices, schools, or other large buildings, using lifts or hoists to adjust panel heights when necessary.
- Assemble or install metal framing or decorative trim for windows, doorways, or vents.
- Coordinate work with drywall finishers who cover the seams between drywall panels.
- Trim rough edges from wallboard to maintain even joints, using knives.
- Cut and screw together metal channels to make floor or ceiling frames, according to plans for the location of rooms or hallways.
- Inspect furrings, mechanical mountings, or masonry surfaces for plumbness and level, using spirit or water levels.
- Cut fixture or border tiles to size, using keyhole saws, and insert them into surrounding frameworks.
- Cut metal or wood framing and trim to size, using cutting tools.
- Install horizontal and vertical metal or wooden studs to frames so that wallboard can be attached to interior walls.
- Scribe and cut edges of tile to fit walls where wall molding is not specified.
- Fasten metal or rockboard lath to the structural framework of walls, ceilings, or partitions of buildings, using nails, screws, staples, or wire-ties.
- Suspend angle iron grids or channel irons from ceilings, using wire.
- Seal joints between ceiling tiles and walls.
- Mount tile, using adhesives, or by nailing, screwing, stapling, or wire-tying lath directly to structural frameworks.
- Install blanket insulation between studs and tack plastic moisture barriers over insulation.
- Install metal lath where plaster applications will be exposed to weather or water, or for curved or irregular surfaces.
- Apply cement to backs of tiles and press tiles into place, aligning them with layout marks or joints of previously laid tile.
- Nail channels or wood furring strips to surfaces to provide mounting for tile.
- Wash concrete surfaces before mounting tile to increase adhesive qualities of surfaces, using washing soda and zinc sulfate solution.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air compressors
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Glue guns — Adhesive guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hammers — Crowhead hammers; Drywall hammers
- Hand sprayers — Pistol hopper guns; Texture guns; Texture sprayers
- Hatchets — Drywall hatchets
- Hole saws — Circle cutters
- Jacks — Drywall jacks
- Ladders — Stilts
- Laser printers
- Levels — Box beam levels; Torpedo levels
- Lifts — Drywall lifts; Mini lifters; Roll lifters
- Miter saw — Chop saws
- Notebook computers
- Pad or keyhole saw — Keyhole saws
- Paint brushes — Texture brushes
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Drywall mud mixers; Fan blade mixers
- Power drills
- Power routers — Drywall routers
- Power sanders — Pole sanders; Power hand sanders; Rotary sanders
- Power saws — Saber saws
- Power screwguns — Drywall screw guns
- Putty knives — Corner knives; Joint knives; Taping knives; Wipe-down knives (see all 5 examples)
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety harnesses
- Saws — Drywall ripping tools; Drywall saws; Wallboard saws
- Screwdrivers — Drywall screwdrivers
- Scribers — Drywall scoring tools
- Spatulas — Wall scrapers
- Staple guns — Heavy duty staple guns
- T squares — Drywall T-squares; Wallboard T-squares
- Tablet computers
- Tape guide — Automatic taping tools
- Tape measures
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Trowels — Bullnose trowels; Drywall trowels; Inside corner trowels; Outside corner trowels
- Utility knives — Edge cutters; Trimming knives
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — Job costing software
- Data base user interface and query software — Business management software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Logic Group Scanner Digitizing Software
- Project management software — Construction Software Center EasyEst; DevWave Estimate Works; On Center Quick Bid; Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word; Wilhelm Publishing Threshold
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
Detailed Work Activities
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Cut tile, stone, or other masonry materials.
- Apply mortar.
- Install masonry materials.
- Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Install metal structural components.
- Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
- Cut metal components for installation.
- Trim excess material from installations.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Verify alignment of structures or equipment.
- Cut openings in existing structures.
- Cut wood components for installation.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Install building fixtures.
- Install wooden structural components.
- Coordinate construction project activities.
- Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
- Install trim or paneling.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 92% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Standing — 92% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions
- Exposed to High Places — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 76% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 77% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 73% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 66% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 71% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 72% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 15% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Telephone — 15% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 22% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 18% responded “About half the time.”
- Physical Proximity — 64% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 31% responded “Some freedom.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 36% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 26% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 24% responded “Limited responsibility.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 34% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 12% responded “Minor results.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 55% responded “High responsibility.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 65% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 67% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 22% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — 23% responded “More than half the time.”
- Deal With External Customers — 31% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 17% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 21% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 85% responded “40 hours.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 27% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 21% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 44% responded “Very important.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 65% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|73||High school diploma or equivalent|
|7||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$18.32 hourly, $38,100 annual|
|Employment (2014)||106,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||12,000|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.