Summary Report for:
51-2041.00 - Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters
Fabricate, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.
Sample of reported job titles: Fitter, Fitter-Welder, Welder-Fabricator, Layout Man, Ship Fitter, Fabricator, Weld Technician, Mill Beam Fitter, Structural Steel Fitter, Tack Welder
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Position, align, fit, and weld parts to form complete units or subunits, following blueprints and layout specifications, and using jigs, welding torches, and hand tools.
- Verify conformance of workpieces to specifications, using squares, rulers, and measuring tapes.
- Tack-weld fitted parts together.
- Lay out and examine metal stock or workpieces to be processed to ensure that specifications are met.
- Align and fit parts according to specifications, using jacks, turnbuckles, wedges, drift pins, pry bars, and hammers.
- Locate and mark workpiece bending and cutting lines, allowing for stock thickness, machine and welding shrinkage, and other component specifications.
- Position or tighten braces, jacks, clamps, ropes, or bolt straps, or bolt parts in position for welding or riveting.
- Study engineering drawings and blueprints to determine materials requirements and task sequences.
- Move parts into position, manually or with hoists or cranes.
- Set up and operate fabricating machines, such as brakes, rolls, shears, flame cutters, grinders, and drill presses, to bend, cut, form, punch, drill, or otherwise form and assemble metal components.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
|Blow torches — Hand torches; Welding torches|
|Gauges or inspection fixtures — Dial indicators; Sine bars; Surface gauges|
|Power saws — Cutoff saws; Power hacksaws; Radial arm saws|
|Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Drift pins; Punches|
|Shears — Beverly shears; Hand shears; Unishears|
|Workshop presses — Brakes; Computerized numerical control CNC press brakes; Magnetic drill presses; Straightening presses|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software|
|Enterprise resource planning ERP software|
|Word processing software|
|Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
No skills met the minimum score.
|Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.|
|Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.|
|Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.|
|Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.|
|Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.|
|Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.|
|Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.|
|Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.|
|Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.|
|Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.|
|Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.|
|Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.|
|Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?|
|Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?|
|Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?|
|Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?|
|Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?|
|Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?|
|Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?|
|Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.|
|Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?|
|Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?|
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
There are 7 recognized apprenticeable specialties associated with this occupation:
Fitter I (Any Industry); Fitter (Machine Shop); Former, Hand (Any Industry); Metal Fabricator; Ship Propeller Finisher; Fabricator-Assembler, Metal Products; Plate Shop Operator
To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information website.
For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship website.
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|62||High school diploma or equivalent|
|21||Some college, no degree|
|17||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
|Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.|
|Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.|
|Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.|
|Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.|
|Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.|
|Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.|
|Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.|
|Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.|
|Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.|
|Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.|
|Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.|
|Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.|
|Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
|Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.|
|51-4032.00||Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic|
|51-4061.00||Model Makers, Metal and Plastic|
|51-4071.00||Foundry Mold and Coremakers|
|51-4121.06||Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters Bright Outlook Green|
|51-4122.00||Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders|
|51-7011.00||Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters|
|51-7041.00||Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood|
|51-9195.03||Stone Cutters and Carvers, Manufacturing|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2012)||$17.19 hourly, $35,750 annual|
|Employment (2010)||81,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2010-2020)||Average (10% to 19%)|
|Projected job openings (2010-2020)||28,300|
|Top industries (2010)|
State & National
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data and 2010-2020 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2010-2020). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
for Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters
State & National Job Banks
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Assemblers and Fabricators . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition.