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Summary Report for:
51-3011.00 - Bakers

Mix and bake ingredients to produce breads, rolls, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, or other baked goods.

Sample of reported job titles: Baker, Bakery Clerk, Bakery Manager, Cake Decorator, Dough Mixer, Machine Operator, Mixer, Pastry Chef, Processor, Scaler

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Observe color of products being baked and adjust oven temperatures, humidity, or conveyor speeds accordingly. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set oven temperatures and place items into hot ovens for baking. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Combine measured ingredients in bowls of mixing, blending, or cooking machinery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure or weigh flour or other ingredients to prepare batters, doughs, fillings, or icings, using scales or graduated containers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Roll, knead, cut, or shape dough to form sweet rolls, pie crusts, tarts, cookies, or other products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place dough in pans, molds, or on sheets and bake in production ovens or on grills. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check the quality of raw materials to ensure that standards and specifications are met. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adapt the quantity of ingredients to match the amount of items to be baked. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply glazes, icings, or other toppings to baked goods, using spatulas or brushes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check equipment to ensure that it meets health and safety regulations and perform maintenance or cleaning, as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Decorate baked goods, such as cakes or pastries. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set time and speed controls for mixing machines, blending machines, or steam kettles so that ingredients will be mixed or cooked according to instructions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare or maintain inventory or production records. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct or coordinate bakery deliveries. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order or receive supplies or equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate slicing or wrapping machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop new recipes for baked goods. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air brushes — Cake decorating air brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors — Portable air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air conveyors — Pneumatic conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Belt conveyors — Industrial kitchen belt conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blast freezers — Blast chillers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Propane torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cake decorating equipment or moulds — Cake decorating combs; Cake decorating palette knives; Rose nails; Textured mats (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cappuccino or espresso machines — Cappuccino makers; Espresso makers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cash registers — Electronic cash registers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cleaning brushes — Bench brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coating machines — Icing machines; Pan greasers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use bain maries — Bain maries See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use blenders — Industrial kitchen food blenders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use broilers — Industrial kitchen broilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use cake or pie pans — Commercial cake pans; Commercial pie pans; Pan liners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use coffee grinders — Commercial coffee grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use coffee or iced tea makers — Commercial coffeemakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use convection ovens — Commercial kitchen convection ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use cutlery — Chefs' knives; Paring knives; Pastry wheels; Serrated knives (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use deep fryers — Doughnut fryers; Open fat kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use dishwashers — Dishwashing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use dough machines — Dough laminators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food choppers or cubers or dicers — Food dicers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food grinders — Bread crumbers; Nut grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food processors — Commercial kitchen food processors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food slicers — Bread slicers; Cake dividers; Cake levelers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food warmers — Chocolate warmers; Dough proofers; Food warmers; Hot cases See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use graters — Food graters; Fruit zesters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use griddles — Industrial kitchen griddles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use grills — Commercial food grilling equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use heat lamps — Infrared food heating lamps; Sugar lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use high pressure steamers — Pressurized steam cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use icing sets or bags — Cake decorating tips; Cake decorating tubes; Pastry bags; Squeeze bottles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use juicers — Juice extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ladles — Commercial baking ladles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use measuring cups — Dry ingredient measuring cups; Liquid ingredient measuring cups; Measuring spoons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use microwave ovens — Commercial kitchen microwave ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use molds — Bakers' couches; Baking frames; Tart rings; Tart tampers (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ovens — Deck ovens; Direct gas fired ovens; Steam injected ovens; Tunnel ovens (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use peelers — Produce peelers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pizza ovens — Pretzel ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ranges — Cooking burners; Hot plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rice cookers — Rice cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rolling pins — Dough dockers; Rolling pins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use scales — Balance scales; Digital scales; Portion scales; Weigh hoppers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use scoops — Cookie scoops; Flour scoops See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use smokers or smoke ovens — Industrial kitchen food smokers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use steamers — Bagel kettles; Steam kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use strainers — China caps; Chinois; Kitchen strainers; Skimmers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use toasters — Electric salamanders; Industrial toasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use waffle irons — Waffle irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use whisks — Commercial food whisks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cookie cutters — Bakery cookie cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cooking machinery — Depanning machines; Egg breaking machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cooling machine — Cooling tunnels; Pan cooling towers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Crushing machinery — Sugar/spice pulverizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dehydrating machinery — Food drying equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic apple corer — Fruit corers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic baking pans — Bread pans; Pullman loaf pans; Ramekins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic baking sheets — Baking sheets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic biscuit cutters — Biscuit dough cutters; Doughnut cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic bread slicing guide — Pastry slicing jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic cooling racks — Food cooling racks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic double boilers — Double boilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic dough press — Manual dough presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic food scrapers — Dough scrapers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen funnels — Pastry filling funnels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen or food thermometers — Candy thermometers; Digital food thermometers; Dough thermometers; Refrigerator thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen spatulas — Bowl scrapers; Icing spreaders; Perforated grill spatulas; Straight spatulas (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen timers — Digital kitchen timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen tongs — Kitchen tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen wire whips — Wire whips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic knife sharpeners — Honing steels; Sharpening stones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic mandolin — Mandolines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic muffin pans — Bakery muffin pans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic pastry brush — Pastry brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic pizza cutters — Pizza cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic sifter — Ingredient sifters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic strainers or colanders — Colanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic tortilla bakers — Tortilla grills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic vegetable brush — Vegetable cleaning brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic whipped cream maker — Cream whippers; Whipped cream machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic wooden oven paddle — Oven peels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Double arm kneading mixers — Continuous kneading machines; Horizontal dough mixers; Planetary mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Filling machinery — Cake depositors; Pastry filling machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire blankets — Fire suppression blankets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire extinguishers — Kitchen fire extinguishers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts — Lift trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forming machine — Automatic dough presses; Bagel dividers; Rotary molders; Tartlet machines (see all 20 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Spray bottles; Sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Helical blade mixer — Spiral mixers; Tilt mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Dough trough hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice cream machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice dispensers — Ice machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice shaver machines or accessories — Ice shaver See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ink cartridges — Edible-ink cartridges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers — Computer laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lifts — Oven loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Preduster — Doughnut tumblers; Flour dusters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Processing tanks — Fermentation tanks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Razor knives — Box cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Remote reading thermometers — Probe thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Measuring sticks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Single screw mixers — Fork mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slicing machinery — Guillotine cutters; Reciprocating blade slicers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spice or salt or pepper shakers — Sugar shakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Walk in freezers — Industrial freezing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Walk in refrigerators — Industrial refrigeration equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wrapping machinery — Wrapping machines See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Axxya Systems Nutritionist Pro; Enggist & Grandjean EGS CALCMENU software; SweetWARE nutraCoster Professional See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — At Your Service Software CostGuard; Barrington Software CookenPro; Culinary Software Services ChefTec See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — SoftCafe MenuPro See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Afcom Datasafe Computer Services FlexiBake; Sage 100 ERP; SweetWARE SmallPICS; TwinPeaks Software Visual Z-Bake (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — SweetWARE stockCoster See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Enggist & Grandjean EGS F&B Control See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — ADP Enterprise eTIME See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct operational or production activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Shape clay or dough to create products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cooking, baking, or other food preparation equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load materials into production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cutting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate quality of food ingredients or prepared foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect food products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine food production methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Standing — 98% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 66% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 44% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 60% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 44% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 61% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 65% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 64% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 40% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 31% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 37% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 42% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
36   High school diploma or equivalent Help
30   Less than high school diploma
16   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $11.35 hourly, $23,600 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 168,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 50,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Bakers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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