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Summary Report for:
51-4062.00 - Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic

Lay out, machine, fit, and assemble castings and parts to metal or plastic foundry patterns, core boxes, or match plates.

Sample of reported job titles: Computer Numerical Control Operator (CNC Operator), Computer Numerical Control Programmer (CNC Programmer), Die Cast Die Maker, Fixture Builder, Journeyman Patternmaker, Machinist, Metal Pattern Maker, Model Maker, Pattern Maker, Pattern Repair Person

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Set up and operate machine tools, such as milling machines, lathes, drill presses, and grinders, to machine castings or patterns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read and interpret blueprints or drawings of parts to be cast or patterns to be made, compute dimensions, and plan operational sequences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify conformance of patterns or template dimensions to specifications, using measuring instruments such as calipers, scales, and micrometers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Program computerized numerical control machine tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design and create templates, patterns, or coreboxes according to work orders, sample parts, or mockups. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assemble pattern sections, using hand tools, bolts, screws, rivets, glue, or welding equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair and rework templates and patterns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out and draw or scribe patterns onto material, using compasses, protractors, rulers, scribes, or other instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and finish patterns or templates, using emery cloths, files, scrapers, and power grinders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Construct platforms, fixtures, and jigs for holding and placing patterns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mark identification numbers or symbols onto patterns or templates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select pattern materials such as wood, resin, and fiberglass. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply plastic-impregnated fabrics or coats of sealing wax or lacquer to patterns used to produce plastic. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Bench scales — Digital bench scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Boring machines — Jig borers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Digital calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Casting machines — Gating systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Dividers; Layout compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Core drying ovens — Drying chambers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Disc sander — Disc sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Benchtop drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Foundry crucibles — Crucible furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Foundry flasks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Foundry ladles — Foundry casting ladles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Warehouse hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Electric hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Horizontal turning center — Horizontal turning centers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — Laser scanner coordinate capturing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual press brake — Manual brake presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Digital micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Milling machines — Three-dimensional routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Planing machines — Planers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Positioning jig — Precision positioning jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Radial arm saws; Table saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Precision rulers; Shrinkage rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers — Metalworking scribers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shaper cutter — Shaping cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Layout squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Traveling column milling machine — 2/3 axis computer numerically controlled CNC milling machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Turret lathe — Computer numerical control CNC turning centers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Draw knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cathode electrode discharge machine — Wire electrical discharge machining EDM equipment See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Computer aided design CAD software — 3D Systems Geomagic Design X; Autodesk AutoCAD See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — Delcam PowerMILL; Mastercam software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Select production input materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan production or operational procedures or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design templates or patterns. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate welding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grinding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply solutions to production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Program equipment to perform production tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Construct patterns, templates, or other work aids. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair templates, patterns, or molds. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 99% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 87% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 68% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 69% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 66% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 46% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 50% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 40% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 45% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 42% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 41% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 33% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 47% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 32% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 30% responded “Slightly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 25% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 28% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 27% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
58   Post-secondary certificate Help
17   High school diploma or equivalent Help
14   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $19.90 hourly, $41,390 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 4,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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