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Summary Report for:
51-4192.00 - Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic

Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.

Sample of reported job titles: Development Mechanic, Fabricator, Fitter, Layout Inspector, Layout Man, Layout Mechanic, Layout Technician, Layout Worker, Quality Technician, Ship Fitter

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Fit and align fabricated parts to be welded or assembled. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and develop layouts from blueprints and templates, applying knowledge of trigonometry, design, effects of heat, and properties of metals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out and fabricate metal structural parts such as plates, bulkheads, and frames. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mark curves, lines, holes, dimensions, and welding symbols onto workpieces, using scribes, soapstones, punches, and hand drills. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compute layout dimensions, and determine and mark reference points on metal stock or workpieces for further processing, such as welding and assembly. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate center lines and verify template positions, using measuring instruments such as gauge blocks, height gauges, and dial indicators. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lift and position workpieces in relation to surface plates, manually or with hoists, and using parallel blocks and angle plates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan locations and sequences of cutting, drilling, bending, rolling, punching, and welding operations, using compasses, protractors, dividers, and rules. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect machined parts to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design and prepare templates of wood, paper, or metal. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Brace parts in position within hulls or ships for riveting or welding. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Add dimensional details to blueprints or drawings made by other workers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install doors, hatches, brackets, and clips. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply pigment to layout surfaces, using paint brushes. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Calipers — Measurement calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Comparators — Optical comparators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Drafting compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coordinate measuring machines CMM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drafting divider — Drafting dividers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gage block set — Parallel blocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gauge block — Gauge block sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand or push drill — Hand drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hardness testers — Digital hardness testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges — Digital height gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Power hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Digital micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Electric saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers — Scribes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Stick welding machines See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Compliance software — PSD EMIs Software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Procedure management software — Hexagon Metrology PC-DMIS; Optical Gaging Products Measure-X See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Plan production or operational procedures or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design templates or patterns. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble metal or plastic parts or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lay out parts to prepare for assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble metal structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Attach decorative or functional accessories to products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Construct patterns, templates, or other work aids. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create diagrams or blueprints for workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 98% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 91% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 87% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 80% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 63% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 45% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 18% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 41% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 58% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 60% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 31% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 45% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 48% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 34% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 25% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 51% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 30% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 28% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 55% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 39% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 22% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
45   High school diploma or equivalent Help
39   Less than high school diploma
13   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $21.65 hourly, $45,020 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 13,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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