Summary Report for:
51-4192.00 - Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic
Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.
Sample of reported job titles: Development Mechanic, Fabricator, Fitter, Layout Inspector, Layout Man, Layout Mechanic, Layout Technician, Layout Worker, Quality Technician, Ship Fitter
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Fit and align fabricated parts to be welded or assembled.
- Plan and develop layouts from blueprints and templates, applying knowledge of trigonometry, design, effects of heat, and properties of metals.
- Lay out and fabricate metal structural parts such as plates, bulkheads, and frames.
- Mark curves, lines, holes, dimensions, and welding symbols onto workpieces, using scribes, soapstones, punches, and hand drills.
- Compute layout dimensions, and determine and mark reference points on metal stock or workpieces for further processing, such as welding and assembly.
- Locate center lines and verify template positions, using measuring instruments such as gauge blocks, height gauges, and dial indicators.
- Lift and position workpieces in relation to surface plates, manually or with hoists, and using parallel blocks and angle plates.
- Plan locations and sequences of cutting, drilling, bending, rolling, punching, and welding operations, using compasses, protractors, dividers, and rules.
- Inspect machined parts to verify conformance to specifications.
- Design and prepare templates of wood, paper, or metal.
- Brace parts in position within hulls or ships for riveting or welding.
- Add dimensional details to blueprints or drawings made by other workers.
- Install doors, hatches, brackets, and clips.
- Apply pigment to layout surfaces, using paint brushes.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Calipers — Measurement calipers
- Comparators — Optical comparators
- Compasses — Drafting compasses
- Coordinate measuring machines CMM
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drafting divider — Drafting dividers
- Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts
- Gage block set — Parallel blocks
- Gauge block — Gauge block sets
- Hand or push drill — Hand drills
- Hardness testers — Digital hardness testers
- Height gauges — Digital height gauges
- Hoists — Power hoists
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Power saws — Electric saws
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Scribers — Scribes
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Stick welding machines
Technology used in this occupation:
- Compliance software — PSD EMIs Software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Procedure management software — Hexagon Metrology PC-DMIS; Optical Gaging Products Measure-X
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Detailed Work Activities
- Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
- Plan production or operational procedures or sequences.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Assemble metal structures.
- Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
- Design templates or patterns.
- Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment.
- Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products.
- Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
- Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment.
- Lay out parts to prepare for assembly.
- Attach decorative or functional accessories to products.
- Create diagrams or blueprints for workpieces or products.
- Construct patterns, templates, or other work aids.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 84% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 83% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 87% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 80% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 63% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 45% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Standing — 18% responded “More than half the time.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work
- Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 58% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 60% responded “40 hours.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 31% responded “High responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 45% responded “Very important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Level of Competition — 48% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 34% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 25% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Physical Proximity — 51% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 30% responded “About half the time.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 28% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 55% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 22% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Letters and Memos — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|45||High school diploma or equivalent|
|39||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RCI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$21.65 hourly, $45,020 annual|
|Employment (2012)||13,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||2,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.