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Details Report for:
13-2081.00 - Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents

Determine tax liability or collect taxes from individuals or business firms according to prescribed laws and regulations.

Sample of reported job titles: Revenue Agent, Revenue Officer, Tax Auditor, Tax Examiner, Delinquent Tax Collection Assistant, Tax Collector, Tax Compliance Officer, Revenue Specialist, City Tax Auditor, Revenue Collector

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core Collect taxes from individuals or businesses according to prescribed laws and regulations.
82   Core Maintain knowledge of tax code changes, and of accounting procedures and theory to properly evaluate financial information.
81   Core Maintain records for each case, including contacts, telephone numbers, and actions taken.
79   Core Contact taxpayers by mail or telephone to address discrepancies and to request supporting documentation.
77   Core Send notices to taxpayers when accounts are delinquent.
75   Core Check tax forms to verify that names and taxpayer identification numbers are correct, that computations have been performed correctly, or that amounts match those on supporting documentation.
73   Core Answer questions from taxpayers and assist them in completing tax forms.
72   Core Impose payment deadlines on delinquent taxpayers and monitor payments to ensure that deadlines are met.
72   Core Notify taxpayers of any overpayment or underpayment, and either issue a refund or request further payment.
78   Supplemental Confer with taxpayers or their representatives to discuss the issues, laws, and regulations involved in returns, and to resolve problems with returns.
77   Supplemental Enter tax return information into computers for processing.
77   Supplemental Conduct independent field audits and investigations of income tax returns to verify information or to amend tax liabilities.
75   Supplemental Review selected tax returns to determine the nature and extent of audits to be performed on them.
75   Supplemental Investigate claims of inability to pay taxes by researching court information for the status of liens, mortgages, or financial statements, or by locating assets through third parties.
74   Supplemental Process individual and corporate income tax returns, and sales and excise tax returns.
73   Supplemental Recommend criminal prosecutions or civil penalties.
73   Supplemental Examine accounting systems and records to determine whether accounting methods used were appropriate and in compliance with statutory provisions.
72   Supplemental Review filed tax returns to determine whether claimed tax credits and deductions are allowed by law.
69   Supplemental Participate in informal appeals hearings on contested cases from other agents.
68   Supplemental Examine and analyze tax assets and liabilities to determine resolution of delinquent tax problems.
68   Supplemental Direct service of legal documents, such as subpoenas, warrants, notices of assessment and garnishments.
64   Supplemental Secure a taxpayer's agreement to discharge a tax assessment, or submit contested determinations to other administrative or judicial conferees for appeals hearings.
62   Supplemental Determine appropriate methods of debt settlement, such as offers of compromise, wage garnishment, or seizure and sale of property.
62   Supplemental Request that the state or federal revenue service prepare a return on a taxpayer's behalf in cases where taxes have not been filed.
61   Supplemental Prepare briefs, and assist in searching and seizing records to prepare charges and documentation for court cases.
46   Supplemental Install systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data or provide advice on such systems, based on examination of current financial records.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Desktop calculator — 10-key calculators
Desktop computers
Laser printers — Computer laser printers
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal computers
Photocopiers
Scanners — Computer scanners
Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Automated tax system software; Intuit QuickBooks software
Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access; Online databases
Document management software — Document management system software
Electronic mail software — Email software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Image processing systems
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Optical character recognition OCR software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
76   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
76   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
74   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
71   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
70   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
59   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
48   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
45   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
38   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
38   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
36   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
32   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
31   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
26   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
25   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
21   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
20   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
19   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
17   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
17   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
15   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
11   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
60   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
56   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
47   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
35   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
22   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
16   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
69   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
56   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
41   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
31   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
25   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
25   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
22   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
22   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
22   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
19   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
13   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
 Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
92   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Collect evidence for legal proceedings.
  • Gather financial records.
90   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Correspond with customers to answer questions or resolve complaints.
89   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Inform individuals or organizations of status or findings.
  • Testify at legal or legislative proceedings.
86   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Verify accuracy of financial information.
  • Verify accuracy of records.
85   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Examine financial records or processes.
  • Examine financial records.
83   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
83   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
82   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
81   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
79   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate with government agencies.
75   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Document information related to legal proceedings.
  • Maintain data in information systems or databases.
  • Prepare legal or investigatory documentation.
74   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
73   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
73   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Update knowledge of legal or regulatory environments.
68   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
68   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Explain regulations, policies, or procedures.
62   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Negotiate agreements to resolve disputes.
57   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
51   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop financial plans for clients.
50   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Assess financial status of clients.
48   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
45   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
45   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
44   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop financial analysis methods.
42   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
41   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
39   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
39   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
31   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others on financial matters.
  • Advise others on legal or regulatory compliance matters.
30   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Oversee business processes.
30   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
28   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Collect payments for goods or services.
28   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
27   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
25   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
22   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
17   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
16   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
16   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
11   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
98   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
95   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
91   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
91   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
90   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
90   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
88   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
88   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
84   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
84   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
84   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
78   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
78   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
71   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
70   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
69   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
67   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
64   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
60   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
59   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
57   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
56   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
55   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
52   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
46   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
45   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
40   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
38   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
36   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
34   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
30   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
27   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
21   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
17   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
16   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
15   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
14   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
13   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
12   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
11   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
  Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
  Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
 Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
40   Bachelor's degree
32   High school diploma or equivalent Help
  Some college, no degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
78   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
39   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
28   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
17   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
88   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
86   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
86   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
85   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
85   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
84   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
83   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
81   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
80   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
77   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
76   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
73   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
71   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
70   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
69   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
50   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
47   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
45   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

11-3011.00 Administrative Services Managers
13-2072.00 Loan Officers
13-2082.00 Tax Preparers
43-3031.00 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
43-3061.00 Procurement Clerks
43-4011.00 Brokerage Clerks
43-4031.02 Municipal Clerks
43-4061.00 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs
43-4131.00 Loan Interviewers and Clerks
43-4161.00 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $24.25 hourly, $50,440 annual
Employment (2012) 70,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 23,900
Top industries (2012)
Government (100% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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