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Details Report for:
25-4013.00 - Museum Technicians and Conservators

Restore, maintain, or prepare objects in museum collections for storage, research, or exhibit. May work with specimens such as fossils, skeletal parts, or botanicals; or artifacts, textiles, or art. May identify and record objects or install and arrange them in exhibits. Includes book or document conservators.

Sample of reported job titles: Conservator, Objects Conservator, Paintings Conservator, Conservation Technician, Exhibit Technician, Paper Conservator, Collections Manager, Preparator, Museum Registrar, Art Preparator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
79   Core Clean objects, such as paper, textiles, wood, metal, glass, rock, pottery, and furniture, using cleansers, solvents, soap solutions, and polishes.
78   Core Determine whether objects need repair and choose the safest and most effective method of repair.
77   Core Install, arrange, assemble, and prepare artifacts for exhibition, ensuring the artifacts' safety, reporting their status and condition, and identifying and correcting any problems with the set-up.
75   Core Direct and supervise curatorial, technical, and student staff in the handling, mounting, care, and storage of art objects.
73   Core Perform tests and examinations to establish storage and conservation requirements, policies, and procedures.
72   Core Prepare artifacts for storage and shipping.
71   Core Photograph objects for documentation.
66   Core Coordinate exhibit installations, assisting with design, constructing displays, dioramas, display cases, and models, and ensuring the availability of necessary materials.
63   Core Notify superior when restoration of artifacts requires outside experts.
55   Core Lead tours and teach educational courses to students and the general public.
55   Core Supervise and work with volunteers.
83   Supplemental Specialize in particular materials or types of object, such as documents and books, paintings, decorative arts, textiles, metals, or architectural materials.
81   Supplemental Repair, restore and reassemble artifacts, designing and fabricating missing or broken parts, to restore them to their original appearance and prevent deterioration.
81   Supplemental Prepare reports on the operation of conservation laboratories, documenting the condition of artifacts, treatment options, and the methods of preservation and repair used.
76   Supplemental Recommend preservation procedures, such as control of temperature and humidity, to curatorial and building staff.
74   Supplemental Study object documentation or conduct standard chemical and physical tests to ascertain the object's age, composition, original appearance, need for treatment or restoration, and appropriate preservation method.
73   Supplemental Classify and assign registration numbers to artifacts, and supervise inventory control.
69   Supplemental Estimate cost of restoration work.
67   Supplemental Plan and conduct research to develop and improve methods of restoring and preserving specimens.
66   Supplemental Preserve or direct preservation of objects, using plaster, resin, sealants, hardeners, and shellac.
66   Supplemental Deliver artwork on courier trips.
63   Supplemental Perform on-site field work which may involve interviewing people, inspecting and identifying artifacts, note-taking, viewing sites and collections, and repainting exhibition spaces.
54   Supplemental Construct skeletal mounts of fossils, replicas of archaeological artifacts, or duplicate specimens, using a variety of materials and hand tools.
40   Supplemental Build, repair, and install wooden steps, scaffolds, and walkways to gain access to or permit improved view of exhibited equipment.
38   Supplemental Cut and weld metal sections in reconstruction or renovation of exterior structural sections and accessories of exhibits.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Compressed air gun — Air abrasive tools
Dental probes — Dental explorers
Hammers — Claw hammers
Infrared imagers — Infrared cameras
Micrometers — Digital micrometers
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
Power drills — Cordless drills
Scanners — Digitizers
Soldering iron — Soldering irons
Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Stereo microscopes
Stripping tools — Wire strippers
Welder torch — Brazing equipment

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Gallery Systems EmbARK; PastPerfect Software PastPerfect; Questor Systems ARGUS; Questor Systems QScan32
Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
Object oriented data base management software — Microsoft Visual FoxPro
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all 40 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
80   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
70   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
67   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
58   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
56   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
54   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
51   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
50   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
47   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
47   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
45   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
43   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
41   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
35   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
31   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
31   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
30   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
29   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
29   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
25   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
24   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
22   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
19   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
19   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
19   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
15   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
14   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
14   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
69   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
63   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
63   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
60   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
56   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
44   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
41   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
38   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
38   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
28   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
13   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
10   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
69   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
66   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
63   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
60   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
56   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
53   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
38   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
38   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
25   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
25   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
22   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
19   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Construct exhibits or parts of exhibits.
  • Prepare materials for preservation, storage, or display.
77   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
76   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain operational records.
76   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
75   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
69   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Research topics in area of expertise.
68   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
66   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Discuss problems or issues with supervisors.
64   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
64   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
62   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
62   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
60   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
60   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
60   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
60   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
57   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Evaluate characteristics of archival or historical objects.
  • Inspect materials or equipment to determine need for repair or replacement.
56   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
53   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop policies or procedures for archives, museums or libraries.
51   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Classify materials according to standard systems.
50   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
48   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
46   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
44   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
41   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
41   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
39   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
38   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
38   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
35   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
30   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
30   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct activities of subordinates.
  • Direct department activities.
29   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
28   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
27   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
23   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
23   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
19   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
19   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
18   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
16   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
94   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
91   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
91   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
90   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
87   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
87   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
86   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
77   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
68   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
67   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
62   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
62   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
60   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
60   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
58   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
58   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
55   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
51   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
50   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
50   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
50   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
48   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
48   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
46   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
41   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
41   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
40   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
39   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
33   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
33   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
31   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
30   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
30   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
30   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
27   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
26   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
25   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
25   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
24   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
24   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
23   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
21   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
21   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
20   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
19   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
14   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
14   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
11   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
10   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
10   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
  Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
 Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
40   Master's degree
16   Bachelor's degree
16   Post-baccalaureate certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
50   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
45   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
45   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
33   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
99   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
95   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
85   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
85   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
83   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
82   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
77   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
77   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
76   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
74   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
72   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
59   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
57   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
51   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
47   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-4091.00 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health Green Occupation
19-4092.00 Forensic Science Technicians
25-2023.00 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School
25-9011.00 Audio-Visual and Multimedia Collections Specialists
27-1014.00 Multimedia Artists and Animators
27-1021.00 Commercial and Industrial Designers   Green Occupation Green
27-1027.00 Set and Exhibit Designers
51-9195.05 Potters, Manufacturing
53-6051.08 Freight and Cargo Inspectors

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $19.24 hourly, $40,020 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 11,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 3,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation (43% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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