Skip navigation

Details Report for:
43-3031.00 - Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

Compute, classify, and record numerical data to keep financial records complete. Perform any combination of routine calculating, posting, and verifying duties to obtain primary financial data for use in maintaining accounting records. May also check the accuracy of figures, calculations, and postings pertaining to business transactions recorded by other workers.

Sample of reported job titles: Accounting Clerk, Accounting Assistant, Accounts Payables Clerk, Bookkeeper, Account Clerk, Accounts Payable Clerk, Accounts Receivable Clerk, Account Receivable Clerk, Accounts Payable Specialist, Accounting Associate

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core Operate computers programmed with accounting software to record, store, and analyze information.
84   Core Check figures, postings, and documents for correct entry, mathematical accuracy, and proper codes.
82   Core Classify, record, and summarize numerical and financial data to compile and keep financial records, using journals and ledgers or computers.
81   Core Debit, credit, and total accounts on computer spreadsheets and databases, using specialized accounting software.
81   Core Operate 10-key calculators, typewriters, and copy machines to perform calculations and produce documents.
80   Core Receive, record, and bank cash, checks, and vouchers.
78   Core Comply with federal, state, and company policies, procedures, and regulations.
77   Core Compile statistical, financial, accounting or auditing reports and tables pertaining to such matters as cash receipts, expenditures, accounts payable and receivable, and profits and losses.
77   Core Code documents according to company procedures.
75   Core Reconcile or note and report discrepancies found in records.
75   Core Access computerized financial information to answer general questions as well as those related to specific accounts.
69   Core Match order forms with invoices, and record the necessary information.
67   Core Perform general office duties such as filing, answering telephones, and handling routine correspondence.
84   Supplemental Perform personal bookkeeping services.
82   Supplemental Prepare bank deposits by compiling data from cashiers, verifying and balancing receipts, and sending cash, checks, or other forms of payment to banks.
81   Supplemental Prepare trial balances of books.
79   Supplemental Calculate, prepare, and issue bills, invoices, account statements, and other financial statements according to established procedures.
78   Supplemental Calculate and prepare checks for utilities, taxes, and other payments.
77   Supplemental Compute deductions for income and social security taxes.
77   Supplemental Prepare and process payroll information.
74   Supplemental Compare computer printouts to manually maintained journals to determine if they match.
74   Supplemental Reconcile records of bank transactions.
73   Supplemental Transfer details from separate journals to general ledgers or data processing sheets.
71   Supplemental Complete and submit tax forms and returns, workers' compensation forms, pension contribution forms, and other government documents.
70   Supplemental Prepare purchase orders and expense reports.
69   Supplemental Monitor status of loans and accounts to ensure that payments are up to date.
68   Supplemental Perform financial calculations such as amounts due, interest charges, balances, discounts, equity, and principal.
59   Supplemental Calculate costs of materials, overhead and other expenses, based on estimates, quotations and price lists.
58   Supplemental Compile budget data and documents, based on estimated revenues and expenses and previous budgets.
55   Supplemental Maintain inventory records.

back to top

Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Desktop calculator — 10-key calculators
Desktop computers
Ledger paper — Ledger sheets
Notebook computers
Receipts or receipt books — Receipt books
Scanners — Image scanners
Scientific calculator — Financial calculators

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Accurate NXG; Blackbaud The Financial Edge; FlexiLedger software; Sage Peachtree software (see all 34 examples)
Compliance software — Corporate Responsibility System Technologies Limited CRSTL Compliance Positioning System; FLS eDP.Payrolltax; Intrax ProcedureNet; Paisley Cardmap (see all 7 examples)
Customer relationship management CRM software — Sage ACT!
Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Microsoft Access; Sage 100 Contractor
Document management software — Accutrac software; Document management system software; OmniRIM software; Records management software
Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
Enterprise application integration software — SAP BusinessObjects Data Integrator
Enterprise resource planning ERP software — AcornSystems Corporate Performance Management; Cartesis ES Magnitude; Microsoft Great Plains software; Sage MAS software (see all 8 examples)
Financial analysis software — AuditWare software; MethodWare ProAudit Advisor; Paisley AutoAudit; RSM McGladrey Auditor Assistant (see all 8 examples)
Project management software — HCSS HeavyBid; HCSS HeavyJob
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Time accounting software — ADP Pay eXpert; HMS software; Payroll software
Transaction server software — Tumbleweed SecureTransport

See all 24 T2 categories

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
76   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
68   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
67   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
63   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
62   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
51   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
48   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
36   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
35   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
21   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
20   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
19   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
19   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
17   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
16   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
15   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
10   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
10   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
 Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
 Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
 Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
 History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
60   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
60   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
60   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
56   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
44   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
44   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
44   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
35   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
13   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
10   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
69   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
63   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
60   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
56   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
56   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
41   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
28   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
25   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
25   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
19   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
16   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
  Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
 Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
 Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
86   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Search files, databases or reference materials to obtain needed information.
85   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Code data or other information.
  • Operate computers or computerized equipment.
78   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Compile data or documentation.
  • Prepare cash for deposit or disbursement.
  • Reconcile records of sales or other financial transactions.
  • Verify accuracy of financial or transactional data.
74   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain financial or account records.
  • Maintain inventory records.
  • Prepare documentation for contracts, transactions, or regulatory compliance.
70   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
68   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
67   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
65   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
64   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
61   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Execute sales or other financial transactions.
  • File documents or records.
60   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
58   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Calculate costs of goods or services.
54   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor financial information.
51   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
50   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Collect deposits, payments or fees.
49   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Answer telephones to direct calls or provide information.
47   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
44   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
42   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
42   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
42   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
41   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
40   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
35   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
33   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
32   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
31   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
30   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
29   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
25   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
24   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
22   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Calculate financial data.
17   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
16   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate office equipment.
14   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
13   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
10   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
96   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
96   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
93   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
90   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
87   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
85   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
83   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
83   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
78   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
77   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
74   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
73   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
71   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
69   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
68   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
62   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
59   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
59   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
56   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
54   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
48   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
46   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
46   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
45   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
45   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
33   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
28   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
28   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
25   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
25   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
24   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
22   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
16   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
14   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
11   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
11   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
  Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
  In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
  Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
  Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
 Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
 Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
 Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
 In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
 Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
 Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
38   High school diploma or equivalent Help
27   Some college, no degree
18   Bachelor's degree

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
45   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
22   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
22   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
11   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
88   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
85   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
78   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
70   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
66   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
65   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
65   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
64   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
63   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
62   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
58   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
54   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
54   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
49   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
61   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
45   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
45   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
45   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

back to top

Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-2082.00 Tax Preparers
43-3021.02 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
43-3051.00 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks
43-3061.00 Procurement Clerks
43-4011.00 Brokerage Clerks
43-4031.02 Municipal Clerks
43-4071.00 File Clerks
43-4161.00 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping
43-6011.00 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants Bright Outlook
43-6012.00 Legal Secretaries

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $17.18 hourly, $35,730 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,800,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 370,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top