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Summary Report for:
49-9071.00 - Maintenance and Repair Workers, General

Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs.

Sample of reported job titles: Building Maintenance Mechanic, Building Mechanic, Equipment Engineering Technician, Facilities Manager, Maintenance Engineer, Maintenance Man, Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Supervisor, Maintenance Technician, Maintenance Worker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Inspect, operate, or test machinery or equipment to diagnose machine malfunctions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dismantle machines, equipment, or devices to access and remove defective parts, using hoists, cranes, hand tools, or power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform routine maintenance, such as inspecting drives, motors, or belts, checking fluid levels, replacing filters, or doing other preventive maintenance actions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Diagnose mechanical problems and determine how to correct them, checking blueprints, repair manuals, or parts catalogs, as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair machines, equipment, or structures, using tools such as hammers, hoists, saws, drills, wrenches, or equipment such as precision measuring instruments or electrical or electronic testing devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain or repair specialized equipment or machinery located in cafeterias, laundries, hospitals, stores, offices, or factories. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assemble, install, or repair wiring, electrical or electronic components, pipe systems, plumbing, machinery, or equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean or lubricate shafts, bearings, gears, or other parts of machinery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust functional parts of devices or control instruments, using hand tools, levels, plumb bobs, or straightedges. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order parts, supplies, or equipment from catalogs or suppliers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and lay out repair work, using diagrams, drawings, blueprints, maintenance manuals, or schematic diagrams. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform general cleaning duties of buildings or properties. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Paint or repair roofs, windows, doors, floors, woodwork, plaster, drywall, or other parts of building structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate cutting torches or welding equipment to cut or join metal parts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record type and cost of maintenance or repair work. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assemble boilers at installation sites, using tools such as levels, plumb bobs, hammers, torches, or other hand tools. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test and treat water supply. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform routine maintenance on boilers, such as replacing burners or hoses, installing replacement parts, or reinforcing structural weaknesses to ensure optimal boiler efficiency. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install equipment to improve the energy or operational efficiency of residential or commercial buildings. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up and operate machine tools to repair or fabricate machine parts, jigs, fixtures, or tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train or manage maintenance personnel or subcontractors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Align and balance new equipment after installation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide groundskeeping services, such as landscaping or snow removal. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect used parts to determine changes in dimensional requirements, using rules, calipers, micrometers, or other measuring instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fabricate or repair counters, benches, partitions, or other wooden structures, such as sheds or outbuildings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position, attach, or blow insulating materials to prevent energy losses from buildings, pipes, or other structures or objects. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate costs to repair machinery, equipment, or building structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Grind and reseat valves, using valve-grinding machines. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers — Water pump pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable crescent wrenches; Adjustable hand wrenches; Adjustable slip lock nut wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Alarm systems — Security alarm systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ammeters — Volt-ammeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Backhoes — Tractors with backhoe attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench vises — Workshop bench vises See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Biscuit jointers — Biscuit joiners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Cutting torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Brooms — Industrial brooms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • C clamps — Locking C-clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Dial calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Metal chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conduit benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Demolition hammers — Chipping hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dewatering pumps — Utility pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dollies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Drain augers; Drain cleaning cables; Hand spinners; Power drain cleaners (see all 12 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or toilet plunger — Plungers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drilling machines — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Feeler gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fish tape — Fish tape pullers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Front end loaders — Two-wheel drive front end loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fuse pullers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grease guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinders — Hand grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding machines — Valve grinding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hacksaws; Mini hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammer drills — Rotary hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Dead blow hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Hand operated spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hedge clippers — Electric trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex key sets; Hex wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Hoisting equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole saws — Circle cutters; Hole cutting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hose cutter — Gasket cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic boom trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Hand jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders — Step ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lawnmowers — Lawn mowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Bubble levels; Hand levels; Spirit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lifts — Power lifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid leak detectors — Ultrasonic leak detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Digital micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mitre box — Mitre boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Needlenose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nut drivers — Universal nut wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Offset socket wrenches — Hollow core socket wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oil can — Oil dispensing cans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Paint application brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint rollers — Paint application rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks — Ice picks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Power pipe cutters; Ratcheting polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters; Tubing cutters (see all 10 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe vises — Pipe welding vises; Welding clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe wrenches — End pipe wrenches; Offset pipe wrenches; Straight pipe wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Handheld computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Cordless power drills; Direct tap machines; Hammer drills; Right-angle drills (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power flaring tool — Flaring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power nail guns — Electric nail guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power planes — Electric planers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders — Electric sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Circular saws; Radial arm saws; Reciprocating saws; Tile saws (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Precision files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — High pressure water sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Crowbars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Bearing pullers; Chain pullers; Comealongs; Tub drain removers (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Pin punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Putty knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ratchets — Manual ratchet threader sets; Ratchet wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators — Dust and particulate respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety harnesses or belts — Protective harnesses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety shoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws — Hand saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Flat blade screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sewage pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Sharpening equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — Snow shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slings — Rigging equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snow blowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snowplow attachments — Snowplows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Socket sets — Socket wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty wrenches — Basin wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines; Welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Combination squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight edges — Straightedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stripping tools — Wire strippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stud finders — Stud locators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tensiometers — Tension gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Pipe threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading taps — Tap sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips — Tin snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Torque wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trenching machines — Trenchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels — Concrete trowels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tube bending machine — Tube benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios — Portable two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Voltage or current meters — Current testers; Voltage testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water samplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welder torch — Brazing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cutters — Wire cutting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire lug crimping tool — Wire crimpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire or cable cutter — Conduit cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Workshop cranes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Calendar and scheduling software — Computerized time management systems See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Industrial control software — Digital Direct Control DDC Energy Management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Paint surfaces or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align equipment or machinery. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain work equipment or machinery. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate welding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect mechanical components of vehicles to identify problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble mechanical components or machine parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install electrical components, equipment, or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Read technical information needed to perform maintenance or repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair electrical circuits or wiring. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Troubleshoot equipment or systems operation problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan work procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record information about parts, materials or repair procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test fluids to identify contamination or other problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lay out work according to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate costs for labor or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure distances or dimensions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install machine or equipment replacement parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Grind parts to required dimensions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble electrical components, subsystems, or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train others in operational procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble structural components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install energy-efficient heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair structural components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop equipment or component configurations. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 92% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 72% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 58% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 44% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 53% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 38% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 42% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 43% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 47% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 49% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 36% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 54% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 33% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 72% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 32% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 31% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 27% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 41% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 39% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 48% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
37   High school diploma or equivalent Help
30   Post-secondary certificate Help
15   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests

Interest code: RCI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.39 hourly, $36,170 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,325,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 379,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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