Details Report for:
49-9071.00 - Maintenance and Repair Workers, General
Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs.
Sample of reported job titles: Building Maintenance Mechanic, Building Mechanic, Equipment Engineering Technician, Facilities Manager, Maintenance Engineer, Maintenance Man, Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Supervisor, Maintenance Technician, Maintenance Worker
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers — Water pump pliers
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable crescent wrenches; Adjustable hand wrenches; Adjustable slip lock nut wrenches
- Air compressors
- Alarm systems — Security alarm systems
- Ammeters — Volt-ammeters
- Backhoes — Tractors with backhoe attachments
- Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers
- Bench vises — Workshop bench vises
- Biscuit jointers — Biscuit joiners
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment
- Blow torch — Cutting torches
- Brooms — Industrial brooms
- C clamps — Locking C-clamps
- Calipers — Dial calipers
- Caulking guns
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Metal chisels
- Conduit benders
- Demolition hammers — Chipping hammers
- Desktop computers
- Dewatering pumps — Utility pumps
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Drain augers; Drain cleaning cables; Hand spinners; Power drain cleaners (see all 12 examples)
- Drain or toilet plunger — Plungers
- Drilling machines — Drill presses
- Dump trucks
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Feeler gauges
- Fish tape — Fish tape pullers
- Front end loaders — Two-wheel drive front end loaders
- Fuse pullers
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas welders
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Grinders — Hand grinders
- Grinding machines — Valve grinding machines
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws; Mini hacksaws
- Hammer drills — Rotary hammers
- Hammers — Dead blow hammers
- Hand sprayers — Hand operated spray guns
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Hedge clippers — Electric trimmers
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex key sets; Hex wrenches
- Hoists — Hoisting equipment
- Hole saws — Circle cutters; Hole cutting tools
- Hose cutter — Gasket cutters
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic boom trucks
- Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors
- Jacks — Hand jacks
- Ladders — Step ladders
- Lawnmowers — Lawn mowers
- Levels — Bubble levels; Hand levels; Spirit levels
- Lifts — Power lifts
- Liquid leak detectors — Ultrasonic leak detectors
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Mitre box — Mitre boxes
- Needlenose pliers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers — Universal nut wrenches
- Offset socket wrenches — Hollow core socket wrenches
- Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Oil can — Oil dispensing cans
- Paint brushes — Paint application brushes
- Paint rollers — Paint application rollers
- Paint sprayers — Paint spray guns
- Personal computers
- Picks — Ice picks
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Power pipe cutters; Ratcheting polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters; Tubing cutters (see all 10 examples)
- Pipe vises — Pipe welding vises; Welding clamps
- Pipe wrenches — End pipe wrenches; Offset pipe wrenches; Straight pipe wrenches
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers
- Portable data input terminals — Handheld computers
- Power drills — Cordless power drills; Direct tap machines; Hammer drills; Right-angle drills (see all 5 examples)
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power nail guns — Electric nail guns
- Power planes — Electric planers
- Power routers
- Power sanders — Electric sanders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Radial arm saws; Reciprocating saws; Tile saws (see all 7 examples)
- Precision file — Precision files
- Pressure or steam cleaners — High pressure water sprayers
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Pullers — Bearing pullers; Chain pullers; Comealongs; Tub drain removers (see all 7 examples)
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Pin punches
- Putty knives
- Ratchets — Manual ratchet threader sets; Ratchet wrenches
- Respirators — Dust and particulate respirators
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Safety harnesses or belts — Protective harnesses
- Safety shoes
- Saws — Hand saws
- Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets
- Screwdrivers — Flat blade screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Sewage pumps
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Sharpening equipment
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Shovels — Snow shovels
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Slings — Rigging equipment
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers
- Snow blowers
- Snowplow attachments — Snowplows
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment
- Specialty wrenches — Basin wrenches
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines; Welders
- Squares — Combination squares
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Stud finders — Stud locators
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tensiometers — Tension gauges
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Torque wrenches
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes
- Trenching machines — Trenchers
- Trowels — Concrete trowels
- Tube bending machine — Tube benders
- Two way radios — Portable two way radios
- Utility knives
- Voltage or current meters — Current testers; Voltage testers
- Water samplers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Wire cutters — Wire cutting tools
- Wire lug crimping tool — Wire crimpers
- Wire or cable cutter — Conduit cutters
- Workshop cranes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Calendar and scheduling software — Computerized time management systems
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD ; Computer aided design and drafting software CADD; PTC Creo Parametric
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Electronic mail software — IBM Notes ; Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP software
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS software
- Industrial control software — Digital Direct Control DDC Energy Management software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — Handheld computer device software
- Project management software — Microsoft Project ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Paint surfaces or equipment.
- Supervise employees.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Maintain work equipment or machinery.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Align equipment or machinery.
- Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
- Operate welding equipment.
- Inspect mechanical components of vehicles to identify problems.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Clean work areas.
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Troubleshoot equipment or systems operation problems.
- Install electrical components, equipment, or systems.
- Read technical information needed to perform maintenance or repairs.
- Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Repair electrical circuits or wiring.
- Plan work procedures.
- Record information about parts, materials or repair procedures.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Test fluids to identify contamination or other problems.
- Lay out work according to specifications.
- Estimate costs for labor or materials.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Grind parts to required dimensions.
- Assemble electrical components, subsystems, or systems.
- Train others in operational procedures.
- Install energy-efficient heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Assemble structural components.
- Repair structural components.
- Develop equipment or component configurations.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|37||High school diploma or equivalent|
|15||Less than high school diploma|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-2152.01||Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters|
|47-2152.02||Plumbers Bright Outlook Green|
|49-2092.00||Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers|
|49-3051.00||Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians|
|49-9012.00||Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door|
|49-9041.00||Industrial Machinery Mechanics|
|49-9097.00||Signal and Track Switch Repairers|
|51-8021.00||Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$17.61 hourly, $36,630 annual|
|Employment (2014)||1,375,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||443,700|
|Top industries (2014)||
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (20% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- General maintenance and repair workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.