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Summary Report for:
51-4061.00 - Model Makers, Metal and Plastic

Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, milling and engraving machines, and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects. Includes template makers.

Sample of reported job titles: Catalytic Converter Special Build Prototype, Computer Numerical Control Machinist (CNC Machinist), Fabricator, Machinist, Metal Model Maker, Model Maker, Molding Technician, Prototype Special Build, Tool and Die Maker, Tool Maker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Study blueprints, drawings, and sketches to determine material dimensions, required equipment, and operations sequences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up and operate machines such as lathes, drill presses, punch presses, or bandsaws to fabricate prototypes or models. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect and test products to verify conformance to specifications, using precision measuring instruments or circuit testers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut, shape, and form metal parts, using lathes, power saws, snips, power brakes and shears, files, and mallets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out and mark reference points and dimensions on materials, using measuring instruments and drawing or scribing tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Drill, countersink, and ream holes in parts and assemblies for bolts, screws, and other fasteners, using power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Grind, file, and sand parts to finished dimensions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record specifications, production operations, and final dimensions of models for use in establishing operating standards and procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Rework or alter component model or parts as required to ensure that products meet standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Align, fit, and join parts, using bolts and screws or by welding or gluing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult and confer with engineering personnel to discuss developmental problems and to recommend product modifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assemble mechanical, electrical, and electronic components into models or prototypes, using hand tools, power tools, and fabricating machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Devise and construct tools, dies, molds, jigs, and fixtures, or modify existing tools and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Autocollimator — Visual autocollimators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Boring machines — Jig bores See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — Wheatstone bridges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Digital calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Capacitance meters — Capacitance checkers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Comparators — Shadowgraph optical comparators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Benchtop drill presses; Hydraulic punch presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrical frequency meters — Digital electrical frequency meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Engraving machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas powered brazing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grease guns — Grease dispensing guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding machines — Power grinding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hardness testers — Digital hardness testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Chain hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic press brake — Power brakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Integrated circuit testers — Digital integrated circuit testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Electronic micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Milling machines — Manual mills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oscilloscopes — Digital oscilloscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers — Computer numerical control CNC routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers — Scribing tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Signal generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Simple harmonic oscillator — Audio-oscillators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Smooth cut file — Flat smooth cut files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Microsoldering equipment; Soldering irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Three dimensional printing machine — Fused deposition modeling FDM printers; Selective layered sintering SLS printers; Stereolithography SLA printers; Three-dimensional prototyping printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips — Hand snips; Metal shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Jewelers lathes; Manual lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vertical machining center — Computer numerical control CNC vertical machine centers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cathode electrode discharge machine — Electrical discharge machines EDM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Workshop cranes — Portable workshop cranes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Computer aided design CAD software — PTC Creo Parametric software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — CNC Software Mastercam See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble metal or plastic parts or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cutting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grinding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate metal or plastic forming equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair parts or assemblies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Solder parts or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with others to resolve production problems or equipment malfunctions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build production molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Shape metal workpieces with hammers or other small hand tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble machine tools, parts, or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design tools, fixtures, or other devices for production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 94% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 67% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 49% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 28% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 60% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 45% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 35% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 47% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 63% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 35% responded “Occasional contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 34% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 58% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 38% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 55% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 33% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
48   High school diploma or equivalent Help
39   Post-secondary certificate Help
8   Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RIC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $22.20 hourly, $46,180 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 6,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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