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Details Report for:
19-2043.00 - Hydrologists

Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; and study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.

Sample of reported job titles: Environmental Consultant, Groundwater Consultant, Groundwater Programs Director, Hydrogeologist, Hydrologist, Physical Scientist, Research Hydrologist, Scientist, Source Water Protection Specialist, Water Resources Program Director

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
86   Core
Prepare written and oral reports describing research results, using illustrations, maps, appendices, and other information.
77   Core
Design and conduct scientific hydrogeological investigations to ensure that accurate and appropriate information is available for use in water resource management decisions.
76   Core
Measure and graph phenomena such as lake levels, stream flows, and changes in water volumes.
75   Core
Conduct research and communicate information to promote the conservation and preservation of water resources.
73   Core
Coordinate and supervise the work of professional and technical staff, including research assistants, technologists, and technicians.
72   Core
Study public water supply issues, including flood and drought risks, water quality, wastewater, and impacts on wetland habitats.
72   Core
Apply research findings to help minimize the environmental impacts of pollution, waterborne diseases, erosion, and sedimentation.
69   Core
Study and document quantities, distribution, disposition, and development of underground and surface waters.
68   Core
Install, maintain, and calibrate instruments such as those that monitor water levels, rainfall, and sediments.
67   Core
Develop computer models for hydrologic predictions.
66   Core
Study and analyze the physical aspects of the earth in terms of hydrological components, including atmosphere, hydrosphere, and interior structure.
66   Core
Evaluate research data in terms of its impact on issues such as soil and water conservation, flood control planning, and water supply forecasting.
66   Core
Collect and analyze water samples as part of field investigations or to validate data from automatic monitors.
65   Core
Prepare hydrogeologic evaluations of known or suspected hazardous waste sites and land treatment and feedlot facilities.
61   Core
Evaluate data and provide recommendations regarding the feasibility of municipal projects, such as hydroelectric power plants, irrigation systems, flood warning systems, and waste treatment facilities.
59   Core
Develop or modify methods for conducting hydrologic studies.
59   Core
Review applications for site plans and permits and recommend approval, denial, modification, or further investigative action.
56   Core
Monitor the work of well contractors, exploratory borers, and engineers and enforce rules regarding their activities.
55   Core
Answer questions and provide technical assistance and information to contractors or the public regarding issues such as well drilling, code requirements, hydrology, and geology.
52   Core
Investigate properties, origins, and activities of glaciers, ice, snow, and permafrost.
51   Core
Conduct short- and long-term climate assessments and study storm occurrences.
50   Core
Administer programs designed to ensure the proper sealing of abandoned wells.
50   Core
Investigate complaints or conflicts related to the alteration of public waters, gathering information, recommending alternatives, informing participants of progress, and preparing draft orders.
50   Supplemental
Design civil works associated with hydrographic activities and supervise their construction, installation, and maintenance.
45   Supplemental
Compile and evaluate hydrologic information to prepare navigational charts and maps and to predict atmospheric conditions.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — Scientific Software Group AQUA3D; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology ; Waterloo Hydrogeologic RBC Tier 2 Analyzer; Watershed modeling system WMS software (see all 92 examples)
  • Categorization or classification software — GAEA Technologies WinSieve
  • Compliance software — National pollutant discharge elimination system NPDES compliance software
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Advanced Logic Technology WellCAD; BOSS International Visual Groundwater; Scientific Software Group EVS; SEDCAD (see all 13 examples)
  • Data base user interface and query software — Groundwater Software Visual Site Manager; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Scientific Software Group ChemPoint/ChemStat; SoilVision Systems SVOFFICE (see all 16 examples)
  • Development environment software — Formula translation/translator FORTRAN; Microsoft Visual Basic Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Email software
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Amtec Engineering Tecplot; Graphics software; RockWare SieveGraph; StatPoint StatGraphics Plus
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Map creation software — Geographic information system GIS software Hot technology ; Golden Software Surfer; Scientific Software Group SURF; Softree Technical Systems Terrain Tools (see all 10 examples)
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology ; Python Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology
  • Presentation software — EnviroInsite; Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Web platform development software — Microsoft Active Server Pages ASP Hot technology
  • Word processing software — GAEA Technologies Packet ESA; GAEA Technologies WinLog; Microsoft Word Hot technology

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Calipers
  • Clinometers
  • Commercial fishing nets — Dip nets
  • Conductivity meters
  • Desktop computers
  • Dissolution or disintegration testers — Erosion monitors
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Dropping pipettes — Pipettes
  • Extensometers
  • Filters or other spare parts for samplers — Sounding reels
  • Flowmeters — Surface water velocity measurement probes
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators
  • Hydrometers — Specific gravity hydrometers
  • Laboratory bailers — Bailers
  • Laboratory flasks — Filter flasks
  • Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Laboratory ovens
  • Laboratory sifting equipment — Sieve shakers
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps
  • Laser printers
  • Levels
  • Lightmeters — Light density meters
  • Logging instruments for water wells — Groundwater data logging instruments; Wireless data collection systems
  • Mainframe computers
  • Micrometers
  • Notebook computers
  • Oil content monitors analyzers — Oil water interface meters
  • Open stream current meters — Hydrological current meters; Stream flow gauges
  • Open stream water level recorders — Cellular telemetry system water level monitors; Water level recorders
  • Peristaltic pumps — Groundwater sampling peristaltic pumps
  • Personal computers
  • pH meters
  • Pitch measuring instruments — Inclinometers
  • Portable data input terminals — Handheld data collection units
  • Portable seismic apparatus — Hydraulic fracturing systems
  • Pressure sensors — Drive-point piezometers; Pore pressure piezometers
  • Pull spring balances — Spring scales
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Radar equipment
  • Radiation detectors — Radiological monitoring equipment
  • Remote reading thermometers — Underwater temperature recorders
  • Respirators
  • Salinity meter — Salinity meters
  • Sampling pumps — Portable pumping and sampling systems
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Core samplers; Soil samplers
  • Sonars — Doppler current and depth meters
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Flow-through field fluorometers
  • Surface data logging sensors — Data logging pressure/temperature sensors
  • Surface data logging units — Well/surface water dataloggers
  • Templates — Map templates
  • Theodolites — Total stations
  • Thickness measuring devices — Ice meters
  • Turbidimeters
  • Two way radios
  • Underwater cameras — Underwater video cameras
  • Water analyzers — Multi-port sampling systems to monitor groundwater; Multiparameter water quality instruments; Submersible pressure and level sensors; Submersible water quality sensors
  • Water samplers — Biological oxygen demand water samplers; Sediment samplers; Suction samplers; Swing water samplers (see all 8 examples)
  • Well logging downhole test equipment — Standpipe multi-packer systems for long-term monitoring of deep boreholes

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
84 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
78 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
75 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
73 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
72 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
62 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
60 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
56 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
44 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
41 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
39 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
36 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
36 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
35 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
33 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
32 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
27 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
26 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
25 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
23 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
22 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
21 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
19 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
19 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
19 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
16 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
11 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
10 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
9 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
9 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
7 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
4 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
69 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
69 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
66 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
63 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
60 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
47 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
44 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
41 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
35 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
25 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
25 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
22 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
22 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
19 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
16 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
72 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
72 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
69 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
66 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
63 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
56 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
44 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
31 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
28 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
28 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
28 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
28 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
28 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
28 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
25 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
25 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
22 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
13 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
10 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
10 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
6 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
6 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
6 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
6 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
3 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
96 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
91 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
91 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
86 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
82 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
80 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
80 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
80 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
79 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
75 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
75 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
74 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
72 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
70 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
67 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
67 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
65 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
63 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
60 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
59 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
59 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
58 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
57 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
56 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
52 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
52 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
47 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
44 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
44 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
42 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
40 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
39 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
39 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
39 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
34 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
33 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
32 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
29 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
29 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
26 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
23 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Research hydrologic features or processes.
  • Plan environmental research.
  • Record research or operational data.
  • Measure environmental characteristics.
  • Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives.
  • Communicate results of environmental research.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
  • Analyze environmental data.
  • Apply knowledge or research findings to address environmental problems.
  • Calibrate scientific or technical equipment.
  • Maintain laboratory or technical equipment.
  • Develop mathematical models of environmental conditions.
  • Collect environmental data or samples.
  • Assess compliance with environmental laws.
  • Evaluate civic projects or public policies.
  • Develop environmental research methods.
  • Review environmental permits, plans, or reports.
  • Direct natural resources extraction projects.
  • Provide technical information or assistance to public.
  • Conduct climatological research.
  • Analyze geological or geographical data.
  • Compile geographic or related data.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


96     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


55     Every day
45     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


43     Every day
52     Once a week or more but not every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


43     Extremely important
39     Very important
13     Important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


41     Extremely important
41     Very important
14     Important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


27     A lot of freedom
59     Some freedom
14     Limited freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


18     A lot of freedom
68     Some freedom
14     Limited freedom
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


32     Every day
55     Once a week or more but not every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


22     Constant contact with others
57     Contact with others most of the time
13     Contact with others about half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


14     Continually or almost continually
64     More than half the time
18     About half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


35     More than 40 hours
65     40 hours
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


50     Highly competitive
41     Moderately competitive
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


26     Once a week or more but not every day
57     Once a month or more but not every week
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


30     Very important
35     Important
26     Fairly important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


26     Important results
35     Moderate results
26     Minor results
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


26     Very important
26     Important
39     Fairly important
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


30     High responsibility
35     Moderate responsibility
26     Limited responsibility
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


22     Once a week or more but not every day
52     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


17     High responsibility
39     Moderate responsibility
26     Limited responsibility
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


22     Very important
30     Important
26     Fairly important
17     Not important at all
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


22     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


48     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
48     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


39     Serious
26     Fairly serious
22     Not serious at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
70     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


30     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


52     Less than half the time
22     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


43     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


22     About half the time
70     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


22     Once a month or more but not every week
61     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


35     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


45     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
50     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


17     More than half the time
35     Less than half the time
39     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


87     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
65     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
61     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
57     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


50     Slightly automated
36     Not at all automated
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


61     Less than half the time
35     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


43     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


48     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


52     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


13     Important
74     Not important at all
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


43     Less than half the time
48     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


43     Less than half the time
57     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


82     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


26     Less than half the time
74     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
78     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   Master's degree
39   Bachelor's degree
4   Post-baccalaureate certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
33 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
88 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
84 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
82 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
77 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
76 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
74 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
73 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
65 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
64 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
61 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
59 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
57 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
38 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
70 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
56 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
33 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
22 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2017) $38.46 hourly, $79,990 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2016) 7,000 employees
Projected growth (2016-2026) Faster than average (10% to 14%) Faster than average (10% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2016-2026) 700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2016)
Government (57% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2017 wage data external site and 2016-2026 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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