Summary Report for:
13-1199.02 - Security Management Specialists
Conduct security assessments for organizations, and design security systems and processes. May specialize in areas such as physical security, personnel security, and information security. May work in fields such as health care, banking, gaming, security engineering, or manufacturing.
Sample of reported job titles: Consultant; Director, Security Risk Management; Operations Staff Specialist, Security; Physical Security Engineer; Physical Security Specialist; Principal Engineer, Security Engineering and Applied Science; Section Chief, Physical Security Specialist; Security Analyst; Security Consultant; Security Specialist
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Engineer, install, maintain, or repair security systems, programmable logic controls, or other security-related electronic systems.
- Recommend improvements in security systems or procedures.
- Perform risk analyses so that appropriate countermeasures can be developed.
- Conduct security audits to identify potential vulnerabilities related to physical security, staff safety, or asset protection.
- Provide system design and integration recommendations.
- Design security policies, programs, or practices to ensure adequate security relating to issues such as protection of assets, alarm response, and access card use.
- Assess the nature and level of threats so that the scope of the problem can be determined.
- Design or implement or establish requirements for security systems, video surveillance, motion detection, or closed-circuit television systems to ensure proper installation and operation.
- Respond to emergency situations on an on-call basis.
- Determine the value loss impact and criticality of assets.
- Prepare, maintain, or update security procedures, security system drawings, or related documentation.
- Develop or review specifications for design or construction of security systems.
- Outline system security criteria for pre-bid meetings with clients and companies to ensure comprehensiveness and appropriateness for implementation.
- Develop conceptual designs of security systems.
- Monitor the work of contractors in the design, construction, and startup phases of security systems.
- Train personnel in security procedures or use of security equipment.
- Review design drawings or technical documents for completeness, correctness, or appropriateness.
- Inspect security design features, installations, or programs to ensure compliance with applicable standards or regulations.
- Test security measures for final acceptance and implement or provide procedures for ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the measures.
- Budget and schedule security design work.
- Inspect fire, intruder detection, or other security systems.
- Prepare documentation for case reports or court proceedings.
- Interview witnesses or suspects to identify persons responsible for security breaches, establish losses, pursue prosecutions, or obtain restitution.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Alarm systems — Intrusion detection systems
- Audioconferencing systems — Audioconferencing equipment
- Card key lock — Card readers
- Closed circuit television CCTV system — Closed circuit television CCTV monitoring systems
- Computer servers — Computer server equipment
- Desktop computers
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video recorders; Network video recorders
- Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Magnetometers
- Motion detectors — Approach detection systems
- Network routers — Computer network routers
- Personal computers
- Security or access control systems — Electronic access control systems; Mechanical access control systems
- Tablet computers
- Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment
- X ray radiography examination equipment — X ray screening equipment
Technology used in this occupation:
- Access software — Citrix ; Tivoli
- Administration software — Cisco Systems CiscoWorks
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD
- Data base management system software — MySQL
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software; IBM Informix; Microsoft Access ; Structured query language SQL
- Development environment software — C ; Microsoft Visual Basic ; Oracle Java EE; Ruby (see all 6 examples)
- Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
- Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Enterprise system management software — ArcSight Enterprise Threat and Risk Management; Splunk Enterprise
- Facilities management software — Physical access management software
- Gateway software — Secure web gateway software
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Microsoft Visio ; Photo editing software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Network monitoring software — AccessData FTK; Live memory collection software; Volatile Systems Volatility; Wireshark (see all 6 examples)
- Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Firewall software; Symantec PGP; TrueCrypt; Virtual private networking VPN software (see all 5 examples)
- Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — Intrusion prevention system IPS
- Object or component oriented development software — Advanced business application programming ABAP ; C# ; C++ ; Python (see all 6 examples)
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Linux ; Microsoft Windows; Oracle Solaris ; UNIX (see all 5 examples)
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Transaction security and virus protection software — McAfee ; Nessus; Nmap; Symantec (see all 6 examples)
- Video conferencing software — Videoconferencing software
- Web page creation and editing software — Social networking software
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
- Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
Detailed Work Activities
- Advise others on business or operational matters.
- Assess risks to business operations.
- Inspect facilities or equipment to ensure specifications are met.
- Establish organizational guidelines or policies.
- Develop technical specifications for systems or equipment.
- Determine the value of goods or services.
- Prepare financial documents.
- Supervise employees.
- Train personnel in organizational or compliance procedures.
- Verify accuracy of records.
- Interview witnesses, suspects, or claimants.
- Analyze budgetary or accounting data.
- Document information related to legal proceedings.
- Investigate legal issues.
- Electronic Mail — 96% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 92% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 77% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Contact With Others — 58% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 50% responded “Some freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 54% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “Some freedom.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 54% responded “Very important.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 42% responded “Important results.”
- Deal With External Customers — 38% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 60% responded “More than half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 54% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Letters and Memos — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 58% responded “Very important.”
- Level of Competition — 46% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “High responsibility.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 35% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 27% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Physical Proximity — 32% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Consequence of Error — 23% responded “Serious.”
- Public Speaking — 46% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: RIC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Business Operations Specialists, All Other.
Employment data collected from Business Operations Specialists, All Other.
Industry data collected from Business Operations Specialists, All Other.
|Median wages (2015)||$32.77 hourly, $68,170 annual|
|Employment (2014)||998,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||166,900|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.