Summary Report for:
33-2011.01 - Municipal Firefighters
Control and extinguish municipal fires, protect life and property and conduct rescue efforts.
Sample of reported job titles: Apparatus Operator, Fire Captain, Fire Chief, Fire Engineer, Fire Equipment Operator, Fire Fighter, Firefighter, Fireman, Safety Officer, Volunteer Firefighter
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Search burning buildings to locate fire victims.
- Rescue victims from burning buildings, accident sites, and water hazards.
- Administer first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation to injured persons.
- Dress with equipment such as fire-resistant clothing and breathing apparatus.
- Assess fires and situations and report conditions to superiors to receive instructions, using two-way radios.
- Move toward the source of a fire, using knowledge of types of fires, construction design, building materials, and physical layout of properties.
- Respond to fire alarms and other calls for assistance, such as automobile and industrial accidents.
- Create openings in buildings for ventilation or entrance, using axes, chisels, crowbars, electric saws, or core cutters.
- Drive and operate fire fighting vehicles and equipment.
- Inspect fire sites after flames have been extinguished to ensure that there is no further danger.
- Take action to contain hazardous chemicals that might catch fire, leak, or spill.
- Lay hose lines and connect them to water supplies.
- Position and climb ladders to gain access to upper levels of buildings, or to rescue individuals from burning structures.
- Select and attach hose nozzles, depending on fire type, and direct streams of water or chemicals onto fires.
- Operate pumps connected to high-pressure hoses.
- Collaborate with police to respond to accidents, disasters, and arson investigation calls.
- Participate in fire drills and demonstrations of fire fighting techniques.
- Prepare written reports that detail specifics of fire incidents.
- Participate in physical training activities to maintain a high level of physical fitness.
- Protect property from water and smoke, using waterproof salvage covers, smoke ejectors, and deodorants.
- Inform and educate the public on fire prevention.
- Salvage property by removing broken glass, pumping out water, and ventilating buildings to remove smoke.
- Clean and maintain fire stations and fire fighting equipment and apparatus.
- Inspect buildings for fire hazards and compliance with fire prevention ordinances, testing and checking smoke alarms and fire suppression equipment as necessary.
- Establish firelines to prevent unauthorized persons from entering areas near fires.
- Participate in courses, seminars and conferences, and study fire science literature, to learn firefighting techniques.
- Spray foam onto runways, extinguish fires, and rescue aircraft crew and passengers in air-crash emergencies.
- Analytical or scientific software — Plume modeling software
- Data base user interface and query software — Affiliated Computer Services ACS FIREHOUSE; Fire incident reporting systems; Microsoft Access
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Map creation software — Geographic information system GIS software
- Office suite software — Corel WordPerfect Office Suite; Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Project management software — Incident command system ICS software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Acoustic sensors — Listening devices
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air bags for loading — Air bag lifting systems
- Air exhausters — Smoke ejectors
- Air samplers or collectors — Air samplers
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
- Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
- Basket stretchers or accessories — Evacuation baskets; Stokes baskets
- Binoculars — Surveillance binoculars
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment; Pulleys; Riggings
- Bolt cutters
- Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — Electrical resistance meters; Ground resistance testers
- Chemical test strips or papers — Chemical detection testers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Search cameras
- Ear plugs — Hearing protectors
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electronic blood pressure units — Automatic blood pressure cuffs
- Emergency medical service intravenous IV kit — Intravenous IV administration sets
- Emergency medical services cervical or extrication collars — Field emergency services neck braces
- Emergency medical services first aid kits — Trauma type first aid kits
- Emergency medical services suction units or accessories — Emergency suction kits
- Emergency response litters or stretchers or accessories — Evacuation chairs; Evacuation stretchers
- Extremity restraints — Limb restraints
- Facial shields — Face shields
- Fans — Ventilation fans
- Fire blankets — Bomb blankets
- Fire escape equipment — Fire shelters
- Fire extinguishers — Carbon dioxide CO2 fire extinguishers; Dry chemical fire extinguishers; Multipurpose fire extinguishers
- Fire fighting watercraft — Water rescue boats
- Fire hoses or nozzles — Charged fire hoses; Fire hose nozzles; Uncharged fire hoses
- Fire or rescue trucks — Aerial trucks; Bomb response vehicles; Fire trucks; Pumper trucks (see all 6 examples)
- Fire pump sets — Backpack pumps
- Fire retardant apparel — Protective fire coats
- Fire retardant footwear — Protective fire boots
- Fire suppression hand tools — Fire axes; McLeod tools; Pick head axes; Pulaski tools (see all 8 examples)
- Flares — Safety flares
- Flatbed trailers — Equipment transport trailers
- Forestry saws — Tree saws
- Gas detectors — Combustible gas detectors
- Gas generators — Gas-powered generators
- Geological compasses — Navigation compasses
- Glass cutters
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Glucose monitors or meters — Glucometers
- Grounding hardware — Copper grounding cables; Grounding cables
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws; Reciprocating hacksaws
- Hammers — Non-sparking hammers
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Hard hats
- Hazardous material protective apparel — Hazardous materials protective suits; Liquid splash protective clothing
- Hazardous material protective footwear — Chemical protection footwear
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers; Thermal imaging cameras
- Hold down clamps — Fire hose clamps
- Hydraulic pumps — Hydraulic rams
- Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB machines — Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB ventilators
- Jacks — Trench rescue shoring jacks
- Ladders — Aluminum ladders; Extension ladders; Wood ladders
- Life rings — Life throw rings
- Life vests or preservers — Life vests
- Liquid leak detectors — Electronic leak detectors
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers
- Manlift or personnel lift — Aerial lifting apparatus
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Oxygen cylinders
- Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure cuffs
- Metal cutters — Aviation snips; Hydraulic extrication tools
- Metal detectors
- Multi gas monitors — Multi-gas detectors
- Needlenose pliers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers; Mobile data computers
- Nylon rope — Life safety ropes; Self-rescue ropes
- Open end wrenches
- Orthopedic splint systems — Orthopedic splint sets
- Personal computers
- pH test strips or papers — pH testing strips
- Pipe wrenches
- Pneumatic hammer — Air chisels
- Portable data input terminals — Handheld computers
- Power saws — Chain saws; Circular saws; K-12 saws
- Protective gloves — Chemical protection gloves; Fire resistant gloves
- Pry bars — Halligan bars; Hux bars; Pinch bars
- Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
- Radiation detectors — Field radiological measuring devices
- Radio frequency identification devices — Radio frequency identification RFID devices
- Respiration air supplying self contained breathing apparatus or accessories — Self-contained breathing apparatus
- Respirators — Air purifying respirators; Escape respirators
- Resuscitation masks or accessories — Ambu bags
- Safety harnesses or belts — Body harnesses
- Safety helmets — Protective fire helmets
- Safety hoods — Protective hoods
- Saws — Handsaws
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Scuba regulators — Scuba air regulators
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers
- Sockets — Socket wrenches
- Spanner wrenches — Non-sparking spanner wrenches
- Specialty wrenches — Hydrant shutoff wrenches; Non-sparking bung wrenches
- Spill kits — Hazardous materials spill control devices
- Spine boards — Backboards; Full-spine immobilization devices; Spinal immobilization equipment
- Surface thermometers
- Telescopes — Spotting scopes
- Torso and belt restraints — Torso restraints
- Two way radios — Radio communications systems
- Underwater cameras — Underwater video cameras
- Utility knives
- Water analyzers — Water testers
- Water pumps — Truck-mounted water pumps
- Weapon or explosives detectors and supplies — Explosive detection analyzers; Explosive detection robots
- Weather stations — Portable meteorological stations
- Wedges — Steel wedges
- Wetsuits — Scuba suits
- Wheel chocks — Truck wheel chocks
- Wheel nut or lug wrench — Lug wrenches
- Winches — Truck-mounted winches
- Wire cutters — Insulated wire cutters
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
- Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
- Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
Detailed Work Activities
- Rescue people from hazardous situations.
- Administer first aid.
- Assess characteristics of fires.
- Locate fires or fire danger areas.
- Relay information about incidents or emergencies to personnel using phones or two-way radios.
- Respond to emergencies to provide assistance.
- Operate firefighting equipment.
- Protect property from fire or water damage.
- Examine debris to obtain information about causes of fires.
- Prepare hoses or water supplies to fight fires.
- Collaborate with law enforcement or security agencies to respond to incidents.
- Prepare investigation or incident reports.
- Educate the public about fire safety or prevention.
- Participate in physical training to maintain fitness.
- Maintain fire fighting tools or equipment.
- Attend training to learn new skills or update knowledge.
- Block physical access to restricted areas.
- Inspect equipment to ensure safety or proper functioning.
- Inspect facilities to ensure compliance with fire regulations.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 75% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 76% responded “Extremely important.”
- Physical Proximity — 59% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Deal With External Customers — 72% responded “Extremely important.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 50% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 44% responded “Very important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 58% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 50% responded “Very important results.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 53% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 60% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Exposed to Disease or Infections — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 55% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Electronic Mail — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 55% responded “Some freedom.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 40% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 50% responded “Some freedom.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 64% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 42% responded “More than half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 31% responded “Important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 47% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to High Places — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 34% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 47% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 46% responded “About half the time.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 28% responded “Never.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Letters and Memos — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 39% responded “About half the time.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
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- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Firefighters.
Employment data collected from Firefighters.
Industry data collected from Firefighters.
|Median wages (2018)||$23.85 hourly, $49,620 annual|
|Employment (2018)||332,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Average (4% to 6%)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||25,000|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
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