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Details Report for:
39-4011.00 - Embalmers

Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

Sample of reported job titles: Apprentice Embalmer, Assistant Manager/Embalmer, Associate Embalmer/Funeral Director, Chief Embalmer, Embalmer, Embalmer/Funeral Director, Funeral Director/Embalmer, Funeral Service Licensee, Licensed Embalmer, Preparation Room Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
93   Core Dress bodies and place them in caskets.
93   Core Conform to laws of health and sanitation and ensure that legal requirements concerning embalming are met.
92   Core Close incisions, using needles and sutures.
92   Core Attach trocar to pump-tube, start pump, and repeat probing to force embalming fluid into organs.
91   Core Wash and dry bodies, using germicidal soap and towels or hot air dryers.
89   Core Incise stomach and abdominal walls and probe internal organs, using trocar, to withdraw blood and waste matter from organs.
89   Core Join lips, using needles and thread or wire.
88   Core Reshape or reconstruct disfigured or maimed bodies when necessary, using dermasurgery techniques and materials such as clay, cotton, plaster of Paris, and wax.
88   Core Pack body orifices with cotton saturated with embalming fluid to prevent escape of gases or waste matter.
88   Core Make incisions in arms or thighs and drain blood from circulatory system and replace it with embalming fluid, using pump.
87   Core Maintain records such as itemized lists of clothing or valuables delivered with body and names of persons embalmed.
87   Core Apply cosmetics to impart lifelike appearance to the deceased.
86   Core Remove the deceased from place of death and transport to funeral home.
86   Core Insert convex celluloid or cotton between eyeballs and eyelids to prevent slipping and sinking of eyelids.
86   Core Perform the duties of funeral directors, including coordinating funeral activities.
85   Core Assist with placing caskets in hearses and organize cemetery processions.
85   Core Serve as pallbearers, attend visiting rooms, and provide other assistance to the bereaved.
84   Core Conduct interviews to arrange for the preparation of obituary notices, to assist with the selection of caskets or urns, and to determine the location and time of burials or cremations.
83   Core Arrange funeral home equipment and perform general maintenance.
83   Core Perform special procedures necessary for remains that are to be transported to other states or overseas, or where death was caused by infectious disease.
79   Core Arrange for transporting the deceased to another state for interment.
78   Core Direct casket and floral display placement and arrange guest seating.
77   Core Supervise funeral attendants and other funeral home staff.
71   Core Press diaphragm to evacuate air from lungs.
53   Supplemental Assist coroners at death scenes or at autopsies, file police reports, and testify at inquests or in court, if employed by a coroner.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Autopsy fluid collection vacuum aspirators or tubing — Nasal tube aspirators; Non-clogging post aspirators
Cadaver lifter or transfer devices — Casket lifters; Hydraulic body lifts; Mortuary lifts
Chemical pumps — Embalming fluid pumps; Embalming machines
Embalming cavity injectors — Embalming bulb syringes; Embalming syringes; Gravity injectors
Embalming injecting tubes — Carotid tubes; Curved arterial tubes; Infant arterial tubes; Straight arterial tubes (see all 5 examples)
Embalming vein drainage tubes — Axillary drain tubes; Femoral drain tubes; Iliac drain tubes; Jugular drain tubes (see all 5 examples)
Eyewashers or eye wash stations — Emergency eye wash stations
Floor grade forceps or hemostats — Angular forceps; Curved Kelly forceps; Thumb forceps; Tube occluding forceps (see all 7 examples)
Makeup kits — Blending brushes; Cosmetic brushes; Powder dusting brushes; Tinting brushes (see all 7 examples)
Mortuary aspirators — Electric mortuary aspirators; Hydro-electric aspirators
Operating room patient positioning devices or accessories — Arm and hand positioners; Body positioners; Head rests; Lower body positioners (see all 5 examples)
Postmortem incision clips — Calvarium clamps
Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Steam autoclaves; Trocar sterilizers
Surgical scissors — Iris scissors; Mayo scissors; Straight surgical scissors
Surgical trocars for general use or accessories — Adult trocars; Infant trocars

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Custom Data Systems Sterling Enterprise Management Software; FPA Software MACCS; HMIS Advantage; Twin Tier Technologies MIMS (see all 5 examples)
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Corel WordPerfect software; Microsoft Word

See all 49 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
89   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
74   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
72   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
68   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
62   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
60   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
56   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
56   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
53   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
51   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
50   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
50   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
47   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
47   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
47   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
46   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
45   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
45   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
44   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
43   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
41   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
34   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
31   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
30   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
30   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
24   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
24   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
16   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
16   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
14   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
13   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
 Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
69   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
63   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
53   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
47   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
44   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
44   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
41   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
35   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
35   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
35   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
31   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
25   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
25   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
16   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
56   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
47   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
47   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
47   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
44   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
44   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
41   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
41   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
38   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
38   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
31   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
28   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
28   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
28   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
25   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
25   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
22   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
22   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
19   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
19   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
19   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
19   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
19   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
16   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
16   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
16   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
16   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
16   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
86   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
81   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
81   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply cleansing or conditioning agents to client hair, scalp, or skin.
  • Apply makeup to alter or enhance appearance.
  • Arrange items for use or display.
  • Embalm corpses.
80   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
80   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
79   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
78   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Handle caskets.
76   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
76   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
73   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
69   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
69   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
67   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
63   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
61   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
61   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
59   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
58   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
56   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
55   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
55   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
55   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
54   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
53   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
51   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
47   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
46   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Maintain client information or service records.
44   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
43   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
42   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
42   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
41   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
40   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
40   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
40   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Perform basic equipment maintenance.
39   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct funeral or mortuary activities.
  • Supervise service workers.
37   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
34   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
31   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
23   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
20   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


92     Constant contact with others
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


85     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


82     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


69     Extremely important
31     Very important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


60     A lot of freedom
40     Some freedom
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


64     Very important results
33     Important results
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


85     Every day
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


57     A lot of freedom
39     Some freedom
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


50     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


41     Every day
50     Once a week or more but not every day
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


41     Every day
55     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


70     Every day
21     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


37     Very high responsibility
53     High responsibility
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


61     Extremely important
19     Very important
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


63     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


37     Very high responsibility
42     High responsibility
20     Moderate responsibility
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


61     More than 40 hours
28     40 hours
11     Less than 40 hours
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


52     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


56     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


39     Extremely serious
26     Very serious
21     Serious
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


29     Every day
47     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


43     Extremely important
28     Very important
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


30     Extremely important
50     Very important
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


30     Extremely important
37     Very important
20     Important
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


45     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


21     Continually or almost continually
34     More than half the time
45     About half the time
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


67     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


23     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


14     Very close (near touching)
49     Moderately close (at arm's length)
16     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
20     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


13     Continually or almost continually
58     More than half the time
12     Less than half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


32     Extremely competitive
27     Highly competitive
27     Slightly competitive
11     Not at all competitive
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


27     More than half the time
27     About half the time
24     Less than half the time
12     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


11     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


46     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


18     More than half the time
34     About half the time
35     Less than half the time
14     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
52     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
29     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


12     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
46     Once a year or more but not every month
28     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


14     More than half the time
19     About half the time
50     Less than half the time
16     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


65     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
35     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


15     More than half the time
42     Less than half the time
34     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
51     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


11     Fairly important
65     Not important at all
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


12     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
73     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


34     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


45     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


18     Moderately automated
22     Slightly automated
60     Not at all automated
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


45     Less than half the time
55     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


86     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


24     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


23     Less than half the time
77     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
84     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


90     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


98     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


97     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   Associate's degree
35   Bachelor's degree
13   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
50   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
39   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
33   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
94   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
92   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
91   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
88   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
82   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
81   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
81   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
80   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
79   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
78   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
77   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
75   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
74   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
74   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
71   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
67   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
67   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
28   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

29-2021.00 Dental Hygienists Bright Outlook
29-2041.00 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics Bright Outlook
29-2061.00 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
31-9091.00 Dental Assistants Bright Outlook
31-9092.00 Medical Assistants Bright Outlook
33-3012.00 Correctional Officers and Jailers Bright Outlook
33-3021.02 Police Identification and Records Officers
33-3051.01 Police Patrol Officers Bright Outlook
39-1021.00 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers
39-4031.00 Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $20.00 hourly, $41,590 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 5,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Other Services (Except Public Administration) (98% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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