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Details Report for:
47-2111.00 - Electricians

Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Chief Electrician; Control Electrician; Electrician; Industrial Electrician; Inside Wireman; Journeyman Electrician; Journeyman Wireman; Maintenance Electrician; Mechanical Trades Specialist, Electrician; Qualified Craft Worker, Electrician (QCW, Electrician)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
89   Core Plan layout and installation of electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures, based on job specifications and local codes.
87   Core Connect wires to circuit breakers, transformers, or other components.
86   Core Test electrical systems or continuity of circuits in electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures, using testing devices, such as ohmmeters, voltmeters, or oscilloscopes, to ensure compatibility and safety of system.
85   Core Use a variety of tools or equipment, such as power construction equipment, measuring devices, power tools, and testing equipment, such as oscilloscopes, ammeters, or test lamps.
85   Core Inspect electrical systems, equipment, or components to identify hazards, defects, or the need for adjustment or repair, and to ensure compliance with codes.
83   Core Prepare sketches or follow blueprints to determine the location of wiring or equipment and to ensure conformance to building and safety codes.
83   Core Diagnose malfunctioning systems, apparatus, or components, using test equipment and hand tools to locate the cause of a breakdown and correct the problem.
81   Core Work from ladders, scaffolds, or roofs to install, maintain, or repair electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures.
80   Core Advise management on whether continued operation of equipment could be hazardous.
80   Core Maintain current electrician's license or identification card to meet governmental regulations.
80   Core Place conduit, pipes, or tubing, inside designated partitions, walls, or other concealed areas, and pull insulated wires or cables through the conduit to complete circuits between boxes.
78   Core Direct or train workers to install, maintain, or repair electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures.
78   Core Repair or replace wiring, equipment, or fixtures, using hand tools or power tools.
77   Core Install ground leads and connect power cables to equipment, such as motors.
76   Core Assemble, install, test, or maintain electrical or electronic wiring, equipment, appliances, apparatus, or fixtures, using hand tools or power tools.
68   Core Perform business management duties, such as maintaining records or files, preparing reports, or ordering supplies or equipment.
66   Core Fasten small metal or plastic boxes to walls to house electrical switches or outlets.
65   Core Construct or fabricate parts, using hand tools, according to specifications.
58   Core Perform physically demanding tasks, such as digging trenches to lay conduit or moving or lifting heavy objects.
70   Supplemental Provide assistance during emergencies by operating floodlights or generators, placing flares, or driving needed vehicles.
68   Supplemental Provide preliminary sketches or cost estimates for materials or services.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Cable accessories — Bear claw wire threaders; Cable lacing needles
Cable reels — Single reel cable trailers; Wheeled wire dispensers; Wire dollies; Wire hand caddies (see all 5 examples)
Circuit tester — Circuit testers; Continuity coaxial testers; Growlers
Conduit benders — Cable benders; Electric conduit benders; Hydraulic conduit benders
End cut pliers — End cutting pliers; High-leverage side cutting pliers; Side cutting pliers
Fish tape — Fish tape pullers; Wire loop pullers
Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex key sets
Power drills — Cordless drills; Hammer drills; Tapping tools
Retaining ring pliers — External snap ring pliers; Internal snap ring pliers
Stripping tools — Cable jacket strippers; Self-adjusting insulation strippers; Universal stripping tools; Wire strippers (see all 8 examples)
Voltage or current meters — Non-contact voltage detectors; Test lamps; Volt tick meters; Voltmeters (see all 6 examples)
Wire lug crimping tool — Ratchet crimper kits; Terminal crimpers; Wire crimpers; Wire crimping tools
Wire or cable cutter — Cable cutters; High-leverage cable cutters; Insulated cable cutters; Utility cable cutters (see all 6 examples)

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal
Analytical or scientific software — Construction Master Pro software; Electrosoft FlashWorks; Elite Software Inpoint; SoftEmpire Electrical Calculations (see all 9 examples)
Computer aided design CAD software — One Mile Up Panel Planner; SmartDraw software
Data base user interface and query software — Insight Direct ServiceCEO; Resolve service management software; Sage 300 Construction and Real Estate; Shafer Service Systems software (see all 5 examples)
Project management software — Craftsman CD Estimator
Spreadsheet software
Word processing software — Socrates Contractor's Library

See all 116 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
83   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
82   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
73   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
69   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
69   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
63   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
60   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
58   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
54   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
50   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
48   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
40   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
38   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
34   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
34   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
33   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
25   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
23   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
23   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
20   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
19   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
17   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
15   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
10   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
10   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
66   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
63   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
60   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
60   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
53   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
53   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
50   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
50   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
50   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
50   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
50   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
44   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
41   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
31   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
31   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
69   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
66   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
63   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
63   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
60   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
56   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
56   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
50   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
50   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
44   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
41   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
38   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
38   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
38   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
38   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
38   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
28   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
22   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
16   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
78   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
78   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
75   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
74   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Install electrical components, equipment, or systems.
  • Thread wire or cable through ducts or conduits.
74   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect electrical or electronic systems for defects.
  • Test electrical equipment or systems to ensure proper functioning.
73   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
72   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Update job related knowledge or skills.
71   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs.
68   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
68   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Assist skilled construction or extraction personnel.
  • Dig holes or trenches.
66   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate with other construction or extraction personnel to discuss project details.
65   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train construction or extraction personnel.
63   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
60   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
60   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
59   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Estimate construction project costs.
59   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
58   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
57   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Create construction or installation diagrams.
56   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
56   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Repair electrical equipment.
55   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
54   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct construction or extraction personnel.
53   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
51   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare operational reports.
50   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
50   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
47   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
46   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
45   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
45   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
44   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
43   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order construction or extraction materials or equipment.
41   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
39   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
37   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
36   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
31   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
30   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
28   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
95   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
92   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
91   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
90   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
89   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
88   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
83   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
83   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
82   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
81   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
81   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
79   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
78   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
77   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
76   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
76   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
75   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
75   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
74   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
73   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
72   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
71   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
70   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
70   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
67   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
67   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
66   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
64   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
64   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
63   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
63   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
63   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
60   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
58   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
55   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
53   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
53   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
53   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
53   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
53   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
52   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
51   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
50   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
45   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
41   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
39   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
37   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
33   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
29   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
25   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
22   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
21   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
20   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
14   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
11   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
59   Post-secondary certificate Help
18   High school diploma or equivalent Help
  Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
39   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
  Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
88   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
87   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
79   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
78   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
78   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
77   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
75   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
75   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
74   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
65   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
65   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
63   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
59   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
52   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
53   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2152.01 Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2152.02 Plumbers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-4021.00 Elevator Installers and Repairers Bright Outlook
49-2022.00 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers
49-2094.00 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment Green Occupation
49-3042.00 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines
49-9021.01 Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
49-9021.02 Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
49-9071.00 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General Bright Outlook Green Occupation
51-8021.00 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators Green Occupation

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $24.28 hourly, $50,510 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 584,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 224,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (67% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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