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Summary Report for:
49-9063.00 - Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners

Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning.

Sample of reported job titles: Band Instrument Repair Technician, Banjo Repair Person, Fretted String Instrument Repairer, Guitar Builder, Guitar Repairer, Luthier, Mandolin Repair Person, Piano Technician, Piano Tuner, Stringed Instrument Repairer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Play instruments to evaluate their sound quality and to locate any defects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust string tensions to tune instruments, using hand tools and electronic tuning devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Disassemble instruments and parts for repair and adjustment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect instruments to locate defects, and to determine their value or the level of restoration required. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair cracks in wood or metal instruments, using pinning wire, lathes, fillers, clamps, or soldering irons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Reassemble instruments following repair, using hand tools and power tools and glue, hair, yarn, resin, or clamps, and lubricate instruments as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compare instrument pitches with tuning tool pitches in order to tune instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • String instruments, and adjust trusses and bridges of instruments to obtain specified string tensions and heights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair or replace musical instrument parts and components, such as strings, bridges, felts, and keys, using hand and power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Polish instruments, using rags and polishing compounds, buffing wheels, or burnishing tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shape old parts and replacement parts to improve tone or intonation, using hand tools, lathes, or soldering irons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Make wood replacement parts, using woodworking machines and hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix and measure glue that will be used for instrument repair. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Align pads and keys on reed or wind instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust felt hammers on pianos to increase tonal mellowness or brilliance, using sanding paddles, lacquer, or needles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Solder posts and parts to hold them in their proper places. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove dents and burrs from metal instruments, using mallets and burnishing tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wash metal instruments in lacquer-stripping and cyanide solutions in order to remove lacquer and tarnish. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test tubes and pickups in electronic amplifier units, and solder parts and connections as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Refinish instruments to protect and decorate them, using hand tools, buffing tools, and varnish. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Deliver pianos to purchasers or to locations where they are to be used. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut out sections around cracks on percussion instruments to prevent cracks from advancing, using shears or grinding wheels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Refinish and polish piano cabinets or cases to prepare them for sale. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Solder or weld frames of mallet instruments and metal drum parts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove drumheads by removing tension rods with drum keys and cutting tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assemble bars onto percussion instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove irregularities from tuning pins, strings, and hammers of pianos, using wood blocks or filing tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Travel to locations such as churches and concert halls to work on pipe-organs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair breaks in percussion instruments such as drums and cymbals, using drill presses, power saws, glue, clamps, grinding wheels, or other hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air hoses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Alcohol lamp — Alcohol lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Alignment jig — Alignment jigs; Key button jigs; Neck jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Allen wrench — Allen wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Angle gauge — Flute gauges; Hammer angle gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Anvils — Bench anvils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Applicator brushes — Glue brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Arbors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Artist knives — Felt cutting knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Audio mixing consoles — Looping machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Bench lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Awls — Pointed awls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Belt sander — Belt sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench grinder — Bench grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow pipe — Blowpipes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Blow torches; Butane heaters; Pencil torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Boring tool — Bore tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Burnisher — Burnishing rings; Flute body mandrels; Hand burnishers; Scraper burnishers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • C clamps — Adjustable C clamps; Deep throat C clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cable bender — Bending irons; Damper spoon benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calibration weights or weight sets — Gram weights See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Dial calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Center punch — Center pin punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chamfering machine — Chamfer tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cleaning brushes — Bench brushes; Bore cleaning brushes; Brass mouthpiece brushes; Valve brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compressed air gun — Air dusting guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conduit benders — Heat staking tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Countersink tool or counterbore tool — Countersinks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Curved nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Depth gauges — Fret slot depth gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Die stocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dip tanks — Chemical dip tanks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Disc sander — Disc sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dollies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill gauge — Drill gauges; Wire drill gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drilling machines — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic instrument tuner — Digital tuners; Electronic tuners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — End cut nippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extending clamp — Cam clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Feeler gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flaring tool — Tubing shrinkers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flat nose pliers — Duck bill pliers; Jaw pliers; Long flat nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent lamps — Leak lights See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas burners — Bunsen burners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas compressors — Sprayer compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • General purpose motor AC — Bench motors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glue guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Guide jig — Post drilling jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Dent hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand clamps — Feeler gauge holders; Pin vises; Soldering clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand or push drill — Hammer head borers; Hand drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand reamer — Barrel reamers; Broaches; Pin hole reamers; Socket reamers (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sander — Fret dressing sticks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Precision spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Pad cup heaters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges — Height measurement gauges; Key dip blocks; String height gauges; Top deflection gauges (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Ball-end hex keys; Bracket hex wrenches; Hex drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hold down clamps — Violin clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole saws — Tone hole cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hook wrenches — Damper rod hooks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Humidifiers — Guitar humidifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Humidity sensor — Digital humidity gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Incandescent lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors; Valve mirrors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ironing machines or presses — Flute pad irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Grand piano jacks; Scissor jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Knife file — Nut files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory forceps — Alligator forceps; Curved nose forceps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory heaters — Glue pots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory spoon — Wax spoons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lapping machine — Valve lapping machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Clarinet pad leveling tools; Fingerboard levelers; Piano leveling devices; Sharp leveling and key-dip devices (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lighters — Spark lighters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers — Vise grip pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Loupes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetic tools — Pencil magnets; Telescoping magnetic pickup tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetizer demagnetizer devices — Magnetizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual wire straighteners — Hart spring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal cutters — Spring cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Needle file — Needle files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Needlenose pliers — Chain nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nut drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oil lubricator — Bench oilers; Oilers; Precision oilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Packing hooks — String hooks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Planes — Hand planers; Hand planes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Positioning jig — Saddle locating jigs; Soldering jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Buffing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers — Routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Portable band saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Fret end dressing files; Fret files; Razor files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Mag machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors — Hammer angle protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Punching lifters; String lifters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Agraffe removers; Piano stringing hooks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Arch punches; Punches; Spring punches; Tuning pin bushing punches (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radius gauge — Radius gauges; Understring radius gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rotary paper or fabric cutter — Felt cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Round file — Rat tail files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Regulating gauges; String action gauges; String spacing rules See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sand blasting machine — Sand blasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sash clamp — Fingerboard band clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saw blades — Screw slotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws — Adjustable fret slotting saws; Bridge pin hole slotting saws; Refret saws; Rip saws (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screw clamps — Edging clamps; Soundhole clamps; Spool clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screw extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Flange screwdrivers; Grand screwdrivers; Regulating screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers — Magnetic scribers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Curved nose scissors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering irons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spacers or standoffs — Hammer butt spacers; Piano key spacers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty wrenches — Action regulators; Bushing inserters; Pocket truss rod wrenches; Tuning wrenches (see all 17 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spray gun — Automated sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight edges — Fret rockers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • T handle tap wrenches — Tap wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Telescoping gauge — Telescoping gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tenoner or tenoning machine — Tenon expanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tension testers — Gram tension gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Screw gauges; Tuning pin gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thread counters or gauges — Screw pitch thread gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Thread cutting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Soldering clips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Torque wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Torx keys — Torx drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tube bending machine — Dent machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tuning bars — Tuning hammers; Tuning levers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tuning forks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tuning pins — Piano tuning pin cranks; Piano tuning pin extractors; Tuning pin setters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tweezers — Cross lock tweezers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Purfling cutters; Seam separation knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Web clamp — Band clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding or soldering kit — Heat control units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — File cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire gauge — Music wire gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire wrapping tool — Coil makers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wood chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Work benches — Bench blocks See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Katsura Shareware KS Strobe Tuner; Katsura Shareware ProLevel; Tunic OnlyPure; Veritune Verituner (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Paint surfaces or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align equipment or machinery. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fabricate parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Reassemble equipment after repair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate welding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust tuning or functioning of musical instruments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble mechanical components or machine parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Solder parts or connections between parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth surfaces of objects or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove dents from equipment, materials, tools or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove parts or components from equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Refinish wood or metal surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 73% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 59% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 40% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 37% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 37% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 34% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 54% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 34% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 40% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 27% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 43% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 28% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 30% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
43   Post-secondary certificate Help
27   High school diploma or equivalent Help
17   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RAI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $15.94 hourly, $33,150 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 8,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,800
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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