Skip navigation

Details Report for:
49-9063.00 - Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners

Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning.

Sample of reported job titles: Piano Tuner, Piano Technician, Luthier, Banjo Repair Person, Fretted String Instrument Repairer, Guitar Builder, Guitar Repairer, Mandolin Repair Person, Stringed Instrument Repairer, Band Instrument Repair Technician

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
95   Core Play instruments to evaluate their sound quality and to locate any defects.
89   Core Adjust string tensions to tune instruments, using hand tools and electronic tuning devices.
85   Core Disassemble instruments and parts for repair and adjustment.
85   Core Inspect instruments to locate defects, and to determine their value or the level of restoration required.
84   Core Repair cracks in wood or metal instruments, using pinning wire, lathes, fillers, clamps, or soldering irons.
83   Core Reassemble instruments following repair, using hand tools and power tools and glue, hair, yarn, resin, or clamps, and lubricate instruments as necessary.
83   Core Compare instrument pitches with tuning tool pitches in order to tune instruments.
80   Core String instruments, and adjust trusses and bridges of instruments to obtain specified string tensions and heights.
79   Core Repair or replace musical instrument parts and components, such as strings, bridges, felts, and keys, using hand and power tools.
78   Core Polish instruments, using rags and polishing compounds, buffing wheels, or burnishing tools.
75   Core Shape old parts and replacement parts to improve tone or intonation, using hand tools, lathes, or soldering irons.
68   Core Make wood replacement parts, using woodworking machines and hand tools.
67   Core Mix and measure glue that will be used for instrument repair.
93   Supplemental Align pads and keys on reed or wind instruments.
80   Supplemental Adjust felt hammers on pianos to increase tonal mellowness or brilliance, using sanding paddles, lacquer, or needles.
78   Supplemental Solder posts and parts to hold them in their proper places.
77   Supplemental Remove dents and burrs from metal instruments, using mallets and burnishing tools.
75   Supplemental Wash metal instruments in lacquer-stripping and cyanide solutions in order to remove lacquer and tarnish.
71   Supplemental Test tubes and pickups in electronic amplifier units, and solder parts and connections as necessary.
70   Supplemental Refinish instruments to protect and decorate them, using hand tools, buffing tools, and varnish.
68   Supplemental Deliver pianos to purchasers or to locations where they are to be used.
65   Supplemental Cut out sections around cracks on percussion instruments to prevent cracks from advancing, using shears or grinding wheels.
60   Supplemental Refinish and polish piano cabinets or cases to prepare them for sale.
58   Supplemental Solder or weld frames of mallet instruments and metal drum parts.
58   Supplemental Remove drumheads by removing tension rods with drum keys and cutting tools.
56   Supplemental Assemble bars onto percussion instruments.
55   Supplemental Remove irregularities from tuning pins, strings, and hammers of pianos, using wood blocks or filing tools.
50   Supplemental Travel to locations such as churches and concert halls to work on pipe-organs.
50   Supplemental Repair breaks in percussion instruments such as drums and cymbals, using drill presses, power saws, glue, clamps, grinding wheels, or other hand tools.
47   Supplemental Clean, sand, and paint parts of percussion instruments to maintain their condition.
47   Supplemental Replace xylophone bars and wheels.
47   Supplemental Strike wood, fiberglass, or metal bars of instruments, and use tuned blocks, stroboscopes, or electronic tuners to evaluate tones made by instruments.
47   Supplemental Place rim hoops back onto drum shells to allow new drumheads to dry and become taut.
45   Supplemental Assemble and install new pipe organs and pianos in buildings.
42   Supplemental Cut new drumheads from animal skins, using scissors, and soak drumheads in water to make them pliable.
39   Supplemental Stretch drumheads over rim hoops and tuck them around and under the hoops, using hand tucking tools.
35   Supplemental Remove material from bars of percussion instruments to obtain specified tones, using bandsaws, sanding machines, machine grinders, or hand files and scrapers.
25   Supplemental Adjust lips, reeds, or toe holes of organ pipes to regulate airflow and loudness of sound, using hand tools.
17   Supplemental File metal reeds until their pitches correspond with standard tuning bar pitches.

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
70   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
68   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
48   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
41   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
41   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
38   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
36   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
35   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
34   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
32   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
32   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
31   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
29   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
29   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
24   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
21   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
16   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
16   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
16   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
16   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
13   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
13   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
12   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
12   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
 Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
 Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
69   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
69   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
66   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
60   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
56   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
56   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
47   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
38   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
31   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
31   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
31   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
25   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
22   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
81   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
81   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
81   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
78   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
75   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
66   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
66   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
63   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
60   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
56   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
56   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
56   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
38   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
38   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
38   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
38   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
38   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
38   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
31   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
28   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
19   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
16   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
  Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
  Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
  Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
80   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
71   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
  • Adjust tuning or functioning of musical instruments.
  • Align equipment or machinery.
  • Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Operate welding equipment.
  • Paint surfaces or equipment.
  • Reassemble equipment after repair.
  • Refinish wood or metal surfaces.
  • Remove dents from equipment, materials, tools or structures.
  • Remove parts or components from equipment.
  • Smooth surfaces of objects or equipment.
  • Solder parts or connections between parts.
69   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
68   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
68   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
  • Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
  • Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
68   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
68   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
67   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
64   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
  • Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
63   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
62   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
62   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
59   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
56   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
55   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
53   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
53   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
51   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
47   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
46   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
46   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
  • Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs.
46   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
44   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
43   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
39   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
39   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
38   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
37   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
37   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
36   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
36   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
34   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
33   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
29   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
28   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
25   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
19   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
18   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
17   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
15   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
13   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  • Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
93   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
93   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
91   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
91   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
87   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
78   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
77   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
75   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
73   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
73   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
68   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
67   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
66   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
65   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
64   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
63   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
63   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
63   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
58   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
57   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
57   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
56   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
53   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
53   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
49   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
48   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
43   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
40   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
39   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
38   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
34   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
33   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
33   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
30   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
27   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
26   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
25   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
23   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
20   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
18   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
18   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
17   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
16   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
16   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
12   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
10   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
 Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
 Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

There are 5 recognized apprenticeable specialties associated with this occupation:
Fretted-Instrument Repairer; Wind-Instrument Repairer; Pipe-Organ Tuner and Repairer; Piano Technician; Piano Tuner

To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information external site website.

For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship external site website.

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
53   Some college, no degree
27   High school diploma or equivalent
17   Less than high school diploma

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
50   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
50   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
93   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
87   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
79   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
78   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
78   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
78   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
77   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
72   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
72   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
70   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
63   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
59   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
56   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
37   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
36   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
36   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
28   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
28   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
28   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

back to top

Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

27-1012.00 Craft Artists
49-3053.00 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics
49-3091.00 Bicycle Repairers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
49-9031.00 Home Appliance Repairers
49-9061.00 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers
49-9064.00 Watch Repairers
51-9071.01 Jewelers
51-9071.06 Gem and Diamond Workers
51-9071.07 Precious Metal Workers
51-9195.04 Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $14.73 hourly, $30,630 annual
Employment (2012) 8,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,800
Top industries (2012)
Retail Trade (60% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

back to top