Details Report for:
19-2042.00 - Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, and oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.
Sample of reported job titles: Engineering Geologist, Environmental Protection Geologist, Exploration Geologist, Geological Specialist, Geologist, Geophysicist, Geoscientist, Hydrogeologist, Mine Geologist, Project Geologist
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Analytical or scientific software — EarthWorks Downhole Explorer; Gemcom Surpac; RockWare Geochemist's Workbench GWB; The MathWorks MATLAB (see all 85 examples)
- Computer aided design CAD software — Atoll GeoCAD; Evolution Computing EasyCAD; MineSight; Trimble Terramodel (see all 12 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — EarthSoft EQuIS Geology; GeoPLUS Petra; Geosoft DAP server; Microsoft Access (see all 8 examples)
- Data conversion software — BOSS Didger
- Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat ; MHC Document Express
- Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
- File versioning software — Git
- Graphics or photo imaging software — ACD Systems Canvas; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop ; Golden Software Surfer (graphics or photo imaging feature)
- Internet browser software
- Map creation software — ESRI ArcView; Geographic information system GIS software ; Geosoft Oasis montaj; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE (see all 19 examples)
- Object or component oriented development software — Python
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office ; OpenOffice.org
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Project management software — Microsoft Project
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Web platform development software — Microsoft Active Server Pages ASP
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
- Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers
- Bench scales — Electronic bench scales
- Benchtop centrifuges — Centrifuges
- Binocular light compound microscopes — Illuminated microscopes; Optical compound microscopes
- Chemical absorption gas analyzers — Portable organic vapor analyzers
- Chromatographic scanners
- Cold chisels — Rock chisels
- Commercial fishing nets — Plankton nets
- Compasses — Mapping dividers
- Compressed air gun — Pneumatic airscribes
- Conductivity cells — Electrical conductivity cells
- Conductivity meters — Electrical conductivity meters
- Cyclone or vortex grinders — Rotary grinders
- Desktop computers
- Digital cameras
- Dissolved oxygen meters
- Drafting kits or sets — Mapping scale sets; Vertical sketchmasters
- Dredgers — Biological dredges
- Drying cabinets or ovens — Drying ovens
- Electromagnetic geophysical instruments — Alternating field demagnitizers; Degaussing wands; Impulse magnetizers; Thermal specimen demagnitizers
- Electron microscopes — Electron microprobes
- Electronic toploading balances
- Forestry increment borers — Tree corers
- Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods
- Geological compasses — Geological stratum compasses; Pocket transits; Sun compasses
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Graphics tablets — Digitizing tablets
- Gravimeters — Gravity meters; Microgravimeters
- Hammers — Chisel hammers; Crack hammers; Soft face hammers
- Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators
- Height gauges — Abney levels; Altimeters
- Hydraulic rock drills — Hydraulic earth drills
- Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers — Argon plasma atomic emission spectroscopes
- Ion chromatographs
- Jaw crushers
- Laboratory box furnaces — One-atmosphere furnaces
- Laboratory crushers or pulverizers — Laboratory rock pulverizers
- Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — High temperature laboratory ovens
- Laboratory mixers — Agitators; Roto torque mixers
- Laboratory separators — Isodynamic separators
- Laboratory sifting equipment — Sieve shakers
- Laser printers
- Levels — Hand levels
- Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Rock magnetometers; Vibrating sample magnetometers
- Magnifiers — Hand magnifying lenses
- Mainframe computers
- Map measurers — Analog map measurers; Digital map measurers; Planimeters
- Mass spectrometers
- Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computed tomography CT scanners
- Microscope slides
- Nitrogen gas analyzers — Brunauer-Emmett-Teller BET surface area analyzers
- Notebook computers
- Open stream current meters — Water current meters
- Open stream water level recorders — Water level recorders
- Optical diffraction apparatus — Submicron particle size analyzers
- Organic carbon analyzers — Carbon analyzers
- Paramagnetic susceptibility analyzers — Magnetic susceptibility measurement systems; Magnetic susceptibility/anisotropy systems; Magnetic susceptibility/temperature systems; Pocket magnetic susceptibility meters
- Penetrometers — Underwater sediment bearing strength probes
- Personal computers
- Pestle or mortars — Motorized mortars/pestles
- pH meters
- Picks — Geo/paleo picks; Rock picks
- Plotter printers — Large-format plotters
- Pneumatic rock drills — Powered rock-coring drills
- Polarizing microscopes — Petrographic microscopes
- Portable data input terminals — Mobile wireless handheld communication devices
- Portable seismic apparatus — Seismic stations
- Pry bars
- Radarbased surveillance systems — Ground penetrating radar GPR; Long range radar equipment; Short-range radar equipment
- Radiation detectors
- Rangefinders — Laser rangefinders
- Resistivity geophysical instruments — Earth resistivity meters
- Reverse osmosis equipment — Reverse osmosis systems
- Rock cutters — Rock saws
- Sand testing apparatus — Sand grain size gauges
- Scanners — Digitizers
- Scintillation crystal assemblies — Gamma ray scintillometers
- Seismic geophones — Geophones
- Seismic recorders or seismographs — Digital seismographs; Seismic activity recorders; Seismographs
- Soil core sampling apparatus — Sediment piston corers; Soil augers; Soil samplers; Tube samplers (see all 9 examples)
- Soil testing kits — X ray fluorescence XRF lead detectors
- Solid phase extraction preparations — Fusion fluxes
- Sonars — Echosounders; Multibeam echosounders; Side scan sonars; Towed sonars
- Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — X ray fluorescence spectrometers
- Spectrometers — Gamma ray spectrometers
- Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Stereo microscopes
- Test sieves
- Theodolites — Laser theodolites; Total stations
- Thermistor — Thermistor chains
- Thermographs — Temperature profile recorders
- Titration equipment — Digital alkalinity titrators
- Transmission electron microscopes — Cathodoluminescence scopes; Fluid inclusion microscopes
- Triple beam balances
- Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic sieve cleaners
- Ultraviolet UV lamps
- Underwater cameras
- Vacuum or rotary evaporators — Rotoevaporators
- Video attachments for microscopes — Stereoscopes; Video microscopes
- Water analyzers — Mercury analyzers
- Water samplers — Sediment samplers; Tubular water samplers; Water sampler bottles
- Well logging downhole test equipment — Borehole cameras
- X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers
- Interpret research or operational data.
- Analyze geological or geographical data.
- Conduct research to gain information about products or processes.
- Design research studies to obtain scientific information.
- Research geological features or processes.
- Prepare maps.
- Measure environmental characteristics.
- Analyze environmental data.
- Communicate results of environmental research.
- Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
- Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
- Inspect work sites to identify potential environmental or safety hazards.
- Monitor construction operations.
- Advise others on management of emergencies or hazardous situations or materials.
- Locate natural resources using geospatial or other environmental data.
- Advise others about environmental management or conservation.
- Review professional literature to maintain professional knowledge.
- Proofread documents, records, or other files to ensure accuracy.
- Review plans or proposals for environmental conservation.
- Analyze geological samples.
- Research hydrologic features or processes.
- Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
- Determine methods to minimize environmental impact of activities.
- Coordinate cross-disciplinary research programs.
- Develop sustainable industrial or development methods.
- Develop software or applications for scientific or technical use.
- Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives.
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|13-1041.01||Environmental Compliance Inspectors|
|15-1299.02||Geographic Information Systems Technologists and Technicians|
|17-2111.00||Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors|
|19-2021.00||Atmospheric and Space Scientists|
|19-2041.00||Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health Bright Outlook|
|19-2099.01||Remote Sensing Scientists and Technologists|
|19-4043.00||Geological Technicians, Except Hydrologic Technicians|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$44.99 hourly, $93,580 annual|
|Employment (2019)||31,800 employees|
|Projected growth (2019-2029)||Faster than average (5% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2019-2029)||3,000|
|Top industries (2019)||
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (45% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2019-2029 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- American Association of Petroleum Geologists
- American Geophysical Union
- American Geosciences Institute
- American Institute of Professional Geologists
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists
- Environmental and Engineering Geophysical Society
- Marine Technology Society
- Mineralogical Society of America
- National Ground Water Association
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Geoscientists
- Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration
- Society of Economic Geologists
- Society of Exploration Geophysicists
- The Geological Society of America