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Details Report for:
19-2042.00 - Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

Sample of reported job titles: Engineering Geologist, Environmental Protection Geologist, Exploration Geologist, Geological Specialist, Geologist, Geophysicist, Geoscientist, Mine Geologist, Petroleum Geologist, Project Geologist

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
93   Core
Analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, or geophysical information from sources such as survey data, well logs, bore holes, or aerial photos.
87   Core
Plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application.
79   Core
Prepare geological maps, cross-sectional diagrams, charts, or reports concerning mineral extraction, land use, or resource management, using results of fieldwork or laboratory research.
77   Core
Analyze and interpret geological data, using computer software.
75   Core
Investigate the composition, structure, or history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, or classification of soils, minerals, rocks, or fossil remains.
74   Core
Assess ground or surface water movement to provide advice regarding issues such as waste management, route and site selection, or the restoration of contaminated sites.  Green Task Statement
73   Core
Locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, or mineral ore deposits or underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, or research or survey results.
72   Core
Locate and review research articles or environmental, historical, or technical reports.  Green Task Statement
69   Core
Communicate geological findings by writing research papers, participating in conferences, or teaching geological science at universities.
66   Core
Measure characteristics of the Earth, such as gravity or magnetic fields, using equipment such as seismographs, gravimeters, torsion balances, or magnetometers.
63   Core
Conduct geological or geophysical studies to provide information for use in regional development, site selection, or development of public works projects.
57   Core
Identify risks for natural disasters, such as mudslides, earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions.
71   Supplemental
Design geological mine maps, monitor mine structural integrity, or advise and monitor mining crews.
68   Supplemental
Advise construction firms or government agencies on dam or road construction, foundation design, land use, or resource management.
57   Supplemental
Inspect construction projects to analyze engineering problems, using test equipment or drilling machinery.
52   Supplemental
Develop applied software for the analysis and interpretation of geological data.
50   Supplemental
Identify deposits of construction materials suitable for use as concrete aggregates, road fill, or in other applications.
48   Supplemental
Test industrial diamonds or abrasives, soil, or rocks to determine their geological characteristics, using optical, x-ray, heat, acid, or precision instruments.
Not available Not available
Collaborate with medical or health researchers to address health problems related to geological materials or processes.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Determine methods to incorporate geo-methane or methane hydrates into global energy production or evaluate the potential environmental impacts of such incorporation.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Determine ways to mitigate the negative consequences of mineral dust dispersion.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Develop strategies for more environmentally friendly resource extraction and reclamation.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Develop ways to capture or use gases that are currently burned off as waste during oil production processes.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Identify new sources for Platinum Group Elements necessary for industrial uses, such as automotive fuel cells or pollution abatement systems.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Identify possible sites for carbon sequestration projects.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Locate potential sources of geothermal energy.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Provide advice on the safe siting of new nuclear reactor projects or methods of nuclear waste management.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Research geomechanical or geochemical processes to be used in carbon sequestration projects.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Research ways to reduce the ecological footprint of increasingly prevalent megacities.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Review environmental cleanup work plans to determine the effectiveness of the remedial activities for mitigating soil or groundwater contamination.  Green Task Statement
Not available Not available
Study historical climate change indicators found in locations such as ice sheets or rock formations to develop models related to current climate changes.  Green Task Statement

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — EarthWorks Downhole Explorer; Gemcom Surpac; RockWare Geochemist's Workbench GWB; Waterloo Hydrogeologic FlowPath II (see all 84 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Atoll GeoCAD; Evolution Computing EasyCAD; Trimble Terramodel; Upperspace DesignCAD (see all 12 examples)
  • Data base user interface and query software — EarthSoft EQuIS Geology; GeoPLUS Petra; MJ Systems Logsleuth; RockWare Stratbugs (see all 7 examples)
  • Data conversion software — BOSS Didger
  • Document management software — MHC Document Express
  • Electronic mail software — Email software
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — ACD Systems Canvas; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology ; Golden Software Surfer (graphics or photo imaging feature)
  • Internet browser software
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcView; Geosoft Oasis montaj; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE; MineGeo software (see all 17 examples)
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office; OpenOffice.org
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers
  • Axes
  • Bench scales — Electronic bench scales
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Centrifuges
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Illuminated microscopes; Optical compound microscopes
  • Chemical absorption gas analyzers — Portable organic vapor analyzers
  • Chromatographic scanners
  • Clinometers
  • Cold chisels — Rock chisels
  • Colorimeters
  • Commercial fishing nets — Plankton nets
  • Compasses — Mapping dividers
  • Compressed air gun — Pneumatic airscribes
  • Conductivity cells — Electrical conductivity cells
  • Conductivity meters — Electrical conductivity meters
  • Cyclone or vortex grinders — Rotary grinders
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Drafting kits or sets — Mapping scale sets; Vertical sketchmasters
  • Dredgers — Biological dredges
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Drying ovens
  • Electromagnetic geophysical instruments — Alternating field demagnitizers; Degaussing wands; Impulse magnetizers; Thermal specimen demagnitizers
  • Electron microscopes — Electron microprobes
  • Electronic toploading balances
  • Forestry increment borers — Tree corers
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods
  • Geological compasses — Geological stratum compasses; Pocket transits; Sun compasses
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Graphics tablets — Digitizing tablets
  • Gravimeters — Gravity meters; Microgravimeters
  • Hammers — Chisel hammers; Crack hammers; Soft face hammers
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators
  • Height gauges — Abney levels; Altimeters
  • Hydraulic rock drills — Hydraulic earth drills
  • Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers — Argon plasma atomic emission spectroscopes
  • Ion chromatographs
  • Jaw crushers
  • Laboratory box furnaces — One-atmosphere furnaces
  • Laboratory crushers or pulverizers — Laboratory rock pulverizers
  • Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — High temperature laboratory ovens
  • Laboratory mixers — Agitators; Roto torque mixers
  • Laboratory separators — Isodynamic separators
  • Laboratory sifting equipment — Sieve shakers
  • Laser printers
  • Levels — Hand levels
  • Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Rock magnetometers; Vibrating sample magnetometers
  • Magnifiers — Hand magnifying lenses
  • Mainframe computers
  • Map measurers — Analog map measurers; Digital map measurers; Planimeters
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computed tomography CT scanners
  • Microscope slides
  • Nitrogen gas analyzers — Brunauer-Emmett-Teller BET surface area analyzers
  • Notebook computers
  • Open stream current meters — Water current meters
  • Open stream water level recorders — Water level recorders
  • Optical diffraction apparatus — Submicron particle size analyzers
  • Organic carbon analyzers — Carbon analyzers
  • Paramagnetic susceptibility analyzers — Magnetic susceptibility measurement systems; Magnetic susceptibility/anisotropy systems; Magnetic susceptibility/temperature systems; Pocket magnetic susceptibility meters
  • Penetrometers — Underwater sediment bearing strength probes
  • Personal computers
  • Pestle or mortars — Motorized mortars/pestles
  • pH meters
  • Picks — Geo/paleo picks; Rock picks
  • Plotter printers — Large-format plotters
  • Pneumatic rock drills — Powered rock-coring drills
  • Polarizing microscopes — Petrographic microscopes
  • Portable data input terminals — Mobile wireless handheld communication devices
  • Portable seismic apparatus — Seismic stations
  • Protractors
  • Pry bars
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Ground penetrating radar GPR; Long range radar equipment; Short-range radar equipment
  • Radiation detectors
  • Rangefinders — Laser rangefinders
  • Resistivity geophysical instruments — Earth resistivity meters
  • Reverse osmosis equipment — Reverse osmosis systems
  • Rock cutters — Rock saws
  • Sand testing apparatus — Sand grain size gauges
  • Scanners — Digitizers
  • Scintillation crystal assemblies — Gamma ray scintillometers
  • Seismic geophones — Geophones
  • Seismic recorders or seismographs — Digital seismographs; Seismic activity recorders; Seismographs
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Sediment piston corers; Soil augers; Soil samplers; Tube samplers (see all 9 examples)
  • Soil testing kits — X ray fluorescence XRF lead detectors
  • Solid phase extraction preparations — Fusion fluxes
  • Sonars — Echosounders; Multibeam echosounders; Side scan sonars; Towed sonars
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — X ray fluorescence spectrometers
  • Spectrometers — Gamma ray spectrometers
  • Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Stereo microscopes
  • Test sieves
  • Theodolites — Laser theodolites; Total stations
  • Thermistor — Thermistor chains
  • Thermographs — Temperature profile recorders
  • Titration equipment — Digital alkalinity titrators
  • Transmission electron microscopes — Cathodoluminescence scopes; Fluid inclusion microscopes
  • Triple beam balances
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic sieve cleaners
  • Ultraviolet UV lamps
  • Underwater cameras
  • Vacuum or rotary evaporators — Rotoevaporators
  • Video attachments for microscopes — Stereoscopes; Video microscopes
  • Water analyzers — Mercury analyzers
  • Water samplers — Sediment samplers; Tubular water samplers; Water sampler bottles
  • Well logging downhole test equipment — Borehole cameras
  • Winches
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
82 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
78 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
75 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
73 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
72 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
60 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
59 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
51 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
47 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
44 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
41 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
41 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
39 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
38 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
35 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
33 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
32 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
32 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
31 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
29 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
29 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
28 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
27 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
26 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
25 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
21 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
19 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
16 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
12 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
11 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
5 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
3 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
3 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
78 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
78 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
75 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
69 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
56 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
56 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
47 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
47 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
44 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
44 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
38 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
35 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
35 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
25 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
19 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
19 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
75 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
69 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
66 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
66 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
53 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
35 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
35 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
31 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
31 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
31 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
28 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
22 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
22 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
22 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
22 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
22 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
22 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
22 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
22 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
19 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
19 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
16 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
16 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
16 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
16 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
13 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
10 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
96 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
93 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
87 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
85 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
83 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
83 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
81 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
80 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
78 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
77 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
72 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
71 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
70 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
70 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
69 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
68 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
67 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
63 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
56 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
54 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
53 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
52 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
52 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
51 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
51 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
49 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
49 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
49 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
43 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
43 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
41 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
41 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
40 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
39 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
35 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
31 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
30 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
29 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
26 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
23 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analyze geological or geographical data.
  • Interpret research or operational data.
  • Prepare maps.
  • Research geological features or processes.
  • Measure environmental characteristics.
  • Locate natural resources using geospatial or other environmental data.
  • Review professional literature to maintain professional knowledge.
  • Communicate results of environmental research.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Advise others about environmental management or conservation.
  • Develop software or applications for scientific or technical use.
  • Analyze geological samples.
  • Determine methods to minimize environmental impact of activities.
  • Advise others on management of emergencies or hazardous situations or materials.
  • Coordinate cross-disciplinary research programs.
  • Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
  • Develop sustainable industrial or development methods.
  • Research hydrologic features or processes.
  • Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives.
  • Review plans or proposals for environmental conservation.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


88     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


63     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


75     More than 40 hours
25     40 hours
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


50     Every day
42     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


46     A lot of freedom
46     Some freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


46     A lot of freedom
29     Some freedom
21     Limited freedom
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


33     Extremely important
50     Very important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


38     Extremely important
25     Very important
33     Important
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


33     Every day
42     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


13     Constant contact with others
50     Contact with others most of the time
29     Contact with others about half the time
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


21     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


13     Very important results
50     Important results
17     Moderate results
21     Minor results
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


54     More than half the time
21     About half the time
17     Less than half the time
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


21     Very high responsibility
33     High responsibility
21     Moderate responsibility
17     Limited responsibility
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


42     Highly competitive
46     Moderately competitive
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


38     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
25     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


46     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
25     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


42     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


33     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


29     High responsibility
42     Moderate responsibility
25     Limited responsibility
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


17     Extremely serious
33     Very serious
33     Fairly serious
13     Not serious at all
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


38     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


25     Very important
42     Important
21     Fairly important
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
50     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
46     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
42     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


17     Moderately close (at arm's length)
29     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
50     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


13     Extremely important
33     Important
33     Fairly important
21     Not important at all
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


38     Once a month or more but not every week
50     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


17     Extremely important
17     Very important
13     Fairly important
43     Not important at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


33     Once a month or more but not every week
63     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


25     About half the time
67     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


58     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
38     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


27     Once a month or more but not every week
50     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


13     About half the time
67     Less than half the time
13     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
67     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


17     About half the time
71     Less than half the time
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


25     About half the time
50     Less than half the time
25     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


13     Highly automated
17     Moderately automated
25     Slightly automated
46     Not at all automated
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


22     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
46     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
46     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


21     Once a month or more but not every week
46     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


42     Once a year or more but not every month
42     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


50     Less than half the time
42     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


58     Less than half the time
38     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


67     Less than half the time
33     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
67     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


46     Less than half the time
54     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


87     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


13     Fairly important
83     Not important at all

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
50   Bachelor's degree
25   Master's degree
13   Doctoral degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
67 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
39 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
22 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
90 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
90 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
81 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
80 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
77 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
73 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
72 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
69 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
66 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
63 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
62 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
57 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
41 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
36 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
72 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
72 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
39 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
22 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2015) $43.13 hourly, $89,700 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 36,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Faster than average (9% to 13%) Faster than average (9% to 13%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 15,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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