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Summary Report for:
29-1131.00 - Veterinarians

Diagnose, treat, or research diseases and injuries of animals. Includes veterinarians who conduct research and development, inspect livestock, or care for pets and companion animals.

Sample of reported job titles: Associate Veterinarian, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM), Emergency Veterinarian, Equine Vet (Equine Veterinarian), Mixed Animal Veterinarian, Small Animal Veterinarian, Staff Veterinarian, Veterinarian (VET), Veterinary Medicine Doctor (DVM), Veterinary Surgeon

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information


  • Examine animals to detect and determine the nature of diseases or injuries.
  • Treat sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds, or performing surgery.
  • Collect body tissue, feces, blood, urine, or other body fluids for examination and analysis.
  • Inoculate animals against various diseases, such as rabies or distemper.
  • Counsel clients about the deaths of their pets or about euthanasia decisions for their pets.
  • Operate diagnostic equipment, such as radiographic or ultrasound equipment, and interpret the resulting images.
  • Advise animal owners regarding sanitary measures, feeding, general care, medical conditions, or treatment options.
  • Educate the public about diseases that can be spread from animals to humans.
  • Attend lectures, conferences, or continuing education courses.
  • Establish or conduct quarantine or testing procedures that prevent the spread of diseases to other animals or to humans and that comply with applicable government regulations.
  • Euthanize animals.
  • Train or supervise workers who handle or care for animals.
  • Research diseases to which animals could be susceptible.
  • Plan or execute animal nutrition or reproduction programs.
  • Perform administrative or business management tasks, such as scheduling appointments, accepting payments from clients, budgeting, or maintaining business records.
  • Conduct postmortem studies and analyses to determine the causes of animals' deaths.
  • Inspect and test horses, sheep, poultry, or other animals to detect the presence of communicable diseases.
  • Provide care to a wide range of animals or specialize in a particular species, such as horses or exotic birds.
  • Drive mobile clinic vans to farms so that health problems can be treated or prevented.
  • Direct the overall operations of animal hospitals, clinics, or mobile services to farms.
  • Specialize in a particular type of treatment, such as dentistry, pathology, nutrition, surgery, microbiology, or internal medicine.
  • Determine the effects of drug therapies, antibiotics, or new surgical techniques by testing them on animals.
  • Inspect animal housing facilities to determine their cleanliness and adequacy.

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Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software — IDEXX Laboratories IDEXX VPM; Microsoft Access Hot technology
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Medical software — American Data Systems PAWS Veterinary Practice Management; InformaVet ALIS-VET; Sneakers Software DVMax Practice; Vetport (see all 11 examples)
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Air rifles or air handguns — Capture rifles; Dart guns
  • Amalgam carriers — Dental amalgam carriers
  • Angiography contrast medium delivery set — Angiography catheters
  • Animal catching devices — Animal catching poles; Animal snares
  • Animal husbandry equipment — Cattle chutes; Dehorners; Hoof picks; Hoof testers
  • Animal shearing or clipping equipment — Electric animal clippers
  • Animal weighing scales — Electronic animal scales
  • Arterial line catheters
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Semiautomated or automatic external defibrillators AED
  • Autopsy chisels or osteotomes — Osteotomes
  • Bandage scissors or its supplies — Bandage scissors
  • Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners
  • Benchtop centrifuges
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Optical compound microscopes
  • Blood collection syringes
  • Blood gas analyzers
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Cardiac monitors
  • Cardiac ultrasound or doppler or echo units or cardioscopes — Echocardiogram equipment
  • Cardiovascular system veterinary products — Thoracic drainage catheters
  • Cast cutters or saws — Cast cutting saws
  • Chemistry analyzers — Automated chemistry analyzers
  • Chest tube — Chest tubes
  • Coagulation analyzers
  • Cosmetic dentistry curing lights or accessories — Visible light curing units
  • Crown or bridge removers — Crown pullers
  • Cryosurgery equipment or accessories — Cryosurgery units
  • Dental amalgam carvers
  • Dental burs
  • Dental cord packers
  • Dental elevators — Periosteal elevators
  • Dental files or rasps — Dental files
  • Dental finishing or polishing discs — Prophylaxis angles
  • Dental forceps — Extraction forceps
  • Dental hand pieces or accessories — High-speed dental handpieces; Low speed dental handpieces
  • Dental impression trays — Veterinary dental impression trays
  • Dental material pluggers or tips or accessories — Dental material pluggers
  • Dental mirrors or mirror handles — Dental examination mirrors
  • Dental mouth props — Veterinary dental mouth props
  • Dental probes — Dental explorers
  • Dental reamers
  • Dental root tip picks
  • Dental scalers or accessories — Hand scalers; Ultrasonic dental scalers
  • Dental spreaders
  • Dental x ray units — Veterinary dental x ray equipment
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras
  • Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Electrosurgery units
  • Endoscopic instrument sets — Arthroscopic surgical equipment
  • Endotracheal tubes — Endotracheal ET tubes
  • Enema kits or accessories — Enema equipment
  • Enteral feeding administration sets — Enteral feeding equipment
  • Flexible endoscopes or accessories or related products — Fiberoptic endoscopes
  • Floor grade forceps or hemostats — Hemostats
  • Floor grade needle holders — Needle holders
  • Full body immersion hydrotherapy baths or tanks — Veterinary immersion hydrotherapy equipment
  • Gas anesthesia apparatus — Veterinary anesthesia machines
  • Glucose monitors or meters — Glucometers
  • Goggles — Safety goggles
  • Goniometers
  • Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Handheld refractometers
  • Hematology analyzers
  • Hemocytometers
  • Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB machines — Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators
  • Intravenous infusion pumps for general use — Intravenous IV fluid pumps
  • Intravenous or arterial fluid warmers or accessories — Intravenous IV fluid warmers
  • Intravenous syringe infusion pumps — Intravenous syringe pumps
  • Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV administration sets
  • Laboratory animal restraints or harnesses — Avian restrainers
  • Laboratory balances — Laboratory scales
  • Laparoscopes or laparoscopic telescopes — Laparoscopic equipment
  • Laryngoscopes or accessories — Laryngoscopes
  • Lip retractors
  • Livestock identification equipment — Tattoo equipment
  • Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters — Differential cell counters
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Medical cine fluoroscopy equipment — Fluoroscopy units
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computed tomography CT scanners
  • Medical gamma cameras for general use — Gamma ray cameras
  • Medical linear accelerator intensity modulated radiation therapy IMRT three dimensional units — Image guided intensity modulated radiation therapy IMRT equipment
  • Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners — Magnetic resonance imaging MRI systems
  • Medical radiation films or badges — Radiation detecting film badges
  • Medical radioisotope scanners — Nuclear scintigraphy equipment
  • Medical radiological shielding aprons or masks or drapes — Lead aprons; Thyroid collars
  • Medical radiological shielding gloves — Lead gloves
  • Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Protective face shields; Surgical masks
  • Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers
  • Medical syringe with needle — Single dose syringes
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Veterinary ultrasound equipment
  • Medical x ray darkroom equipment or supplies — X ray film processors
  • Medical x ray intensifying screens — X ray intensifying equipment
  • Medical x ray units for general diagnostic use — Digital x ray equipment; Portable veterinary x ray equipment; Stationary x ray equipment
  • Microbiology analyzers — Automated microbial identification systems
  • Microcentrifuges — Microhematocrit centrifuges
  • Microscope slides
  • Mobile or transportable medical linear accelerators — Linear accelerator equipment
  • Multiparameter vital sign unit or accessories — Mobile multiparameter monitors
  • Muzzles
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Ophthalmic irrigation or aspiration supplies or accessories — Eye lavage kits
  • Ophthalmic surgical knives or blades or scissors or accessories — Ophthalmic surgical blades
  • Ophthalmic tonometers or accessories — Ophthalmic tonometers
  • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
  • Orthopedic splint systems — Veterinary orthopedic splints
  • Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies — Oxygen administration equipment
  • Periodontal chisels
  • Periodontal curettes
  • Personal computers
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves
  • Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
  • Respiratory monitoring kits or its accessories — Respiration monitors
  • Restraints — Nose tongs
  • Resuscitation masks or accessories — Ambu bags
  • Scanners — Digitizers
  • Specimen collection container — Specimen collection containers
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Steam autoclaves
  • Surgical bone cutting forceps — Bone cutting forceps
  • Surgical bone hand saws or wire saws or saw handles — Surgical bone saws
  • Surgical calipers or rulers — Surgical calipers
  • Surgical chisels or gouges — Bone chisels
  • Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Dressing forceps; Sponge forceps; Staple removal forceps; Veterinary obstetrical forceps (see all 12 examples)
  • Surgical curettes or loops — Bone curettes
  • Surgical gloves
  • Surgical lasers or accessories — Laser surgery units
  • Surgical microscopes or loops or magnifiers or accessories — Operating microscopes; Surgical magnifiers
  • Surgical mouth gags or accessories — Veterinary surgical mouth gags
  • Surgical pneumatic or battery or electric saws or drills or pin drivers or accessories — Battery-operated orthopedic drills; Orthopedic drills
  • Surgical punches or punch holder or accessories — Biopsy punches
  • Surgical rasps — Bone rasps
  • Surgical retractors for general use — Surgical retractors
  • Surgical rongeurs — Bone ronguers
  • Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories — Surgical scalpels
  • Surgical scissors — Mayo scissors
  • Surgical suction machines or vacuum extractors or ultrasonic surgical aspirators or regulators or accessories — Bone marrow aspirators; Ultrasonic aspirators
  • Suture needles
  • Tablet computers
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling units or systems — Veterinary patient warming systems
  • Tourniquets
  • Treadmill exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy — Veterinary rehabilitation treadmills
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic instrument cleaners
  • Urinary catheterization kit — Urinary catheters
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Veterinary blood pressure testers — Ultrasonic blood pressure monitors
  • Veterinary castration instruments — Castrating knives
  • Veterinary clinical thermometers — Digital veterinary thermometers
  • Veterinary electrocardiograph ECG — Animal electrocardiograph ECG units
  • Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Aspiration catheters; Ear syringes; Insemination equipment; Veterinary suction equipment
  • Veterinary nail trimmers or cutters — Hoof knives; Hoof trimmers; Nail trimmers
  • Veterinary speculums — Veterinary oral specula; Veterinary vaginal specula
  • Volumetric pipettes — Volumetric glass pipettes

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  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

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  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

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  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

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Work Activities

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
  • Operate on patients to treat conditions.
  • Prescribe medications.
  • Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries.
  • Collect biological specimens from patients.
  • Immunize patients.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
  • Operate diagnostic imaging equipment.
  • Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
  • Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
  • Determine protocols for medical procedures.
  • Supervise medical support personnel.
  • Train medical providers.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
  • Manage healthcare operations.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
  • Maintain medical facility records.
  • Perform clerical work in medical settings.
  • Schedule patient procedures or appointments.
  • Analyze medical data to determine cause of death.

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Work Context

  • Telephone — 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 85% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others — 81% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Deal With External Customers — 75% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Physical Proximity — 62% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 71% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 60% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 67% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 61% responded “Very important results.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 82% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 56% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Consequence of Error — 67% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 56% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Letters and Memos — 57% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 44% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 55% responded “Very important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 45% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 55% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Spend Time Standing — 66% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 56% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Time Pressure — 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 35% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail — 39% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 48% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 29% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Exposed to Radiation — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 28% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 32% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
75   Doctoral degree
23   Professional degree Help
1   Post-doctoral training

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Interest code: IR   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2018) $45.11 hourly, $93,830 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
Employment (2016) 80,000 employees
Projected growth (2016-2026) Much faster than average (15% or higher) Much faster than average (15% or higher)
Projected job openings (2016-2026) 4,500
State trends Employment Trends
Top industries (2016)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data external site and 2016-2026 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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