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Summary Report for:
45-3021.00 - Hunters and Trappers

Hunt and trap wild animals for human consumption, fur, feed, bait, or other purposes.

Sample of reported job titles: Animal Damage Control Agent, Fur Trapper, Hunter, Hunting Guide, Nuisance Wildlife Control Operator, Nuisance Wildlife Trapper, Predator Control Trapper, Trapper, Urban Wildlife Damage Control Specialist, Wildlife Control Operator

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information


  • Patrol trap lines or nets to inspect settings, remove catch, and reset or relocate traps.
  • Obtain permission from landowners to hunt or trap on their land.
  • Travel on foot, by vehicle, or by equipment such as boats, snowmobiles, helicopters, snowshoes, or skis to reach hunting areas.
  • Skin quarry, using knives, and stretch pelts on frames to be cured.
  • Maintain and repair trapping equipment.
  • Scrape fat, blubber, or flesh from skin sides of pelts with knives or hand scrapers.
  • Obtain required approvals for using poisons or traps, and notify persons in areas where traps and poison are set.
  • Track animals by checking for signs such as droppings or destruction of vegetation.
  • Select, bait, and set traps, and lay poison along trails, according to species, size, habits, and environs of birds or animals and reasons for trapping them.
  • Participate in animal damage control, wildlife management, disease control, and research activities.
  • Release quarry from traps or nets and transfer to cages.
  • Kill or stun trapped quarry, using clubs, poisons, guns, or drowning methods.
  • Trap and capture quarry dead or alive for identification, relocation, or sale, using baited, scented, or camouflaged traps, snares, cages, or nets.
  • Wash and sort pelts according to species, color, and quality.
  • Teach or guide individuals or groups unfamiliar with specific hunting methods or types of prey.
  • Mix baits for attracting animals.
  • Pack pelts in containers, load containers onto trucks, and transport pelts to processing plants or to public auctions.
  • Train dogs for hunting.
  • Cure pelts with salt and boric acid.
  • Cut walk tracks for better access to traps and bait stations.
  • Remove designated parts, such as ears or tails, from slain quarry as evidence for killing bounty, using knives.

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Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software — DeerDays; Strat-Tech Deer Hunting Expert; Winchester Ammunition Ballistics Calculator
  • Map creation software — Trimble MyTopo Terrain Navigator Pro

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Tools Used

  • Air rifles or air handguns — Tranquilizer guns
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
  • Animal calls — Game calls
  • Animal catching devices — Noose poles
  • Archery arm guards — Bow hunting arm guards
  • Archery arrows — Crossbow broadheads; Hunting arrows; Quivers
  • Archery bow strings — Bow stringers; Cocking aids; Mechanical releases; String silencers
  • Archery bows — Arrow rests; Bow stabilizers; Longbows; Recurve bows (see all 7 examples)
  • Archery gloves — Bow hunting gloves; Finger tabs; Hand guards
  • Assistive listening devices — Hearing enhancement aids
  • Axes — Camp axes; Tactical axes; Throwing axes
  • Bench vises — Bow presses; Gun vises
  • Binoculars — Hunting binoculars
  • Borescope inspection equipment — Bore lights; Rifle borescopes
  • Calipers — Reloading calipers
  • Camera tripods — Viewing equipment tripods
  • Carts — Game carts; Game sleds
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers
  • Cleaning brushes — Bore swabs
  • Commercial use cutlery — Bone saws; Boning knives
  • Compressed air gun — Pneumatic hog ring tools
  • Deburring tool — Arrow squaring devices
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Bow cameras
  • Direction finding compasses — Magnetic compasses
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Pipe cleaners
  • Ear muffs — Hunting ear muffs
  • Electronic charts or maps or atlases — Garmin Topo U.S. 100K; HuntingSouth HuntSmart
  • Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency first aid kits
  • Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Wildlife food plot spreaders
  • First aid blankets — Space blankets
  • Flashlight — Hunting flashlights
  • Flat nose pliers — Hunting pliers
  • Force or torque sensors — Trigger pull gauges
  • Funnels — Reloading powder funnels
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Handheld global positioning system receivers GPS
  • Goggles — Hunting goggles
  • Gun barrel — Choke tubes
  • Gun cases — Holsters; Hunting gun cases
  • Handguns — Break-action pistols; Double-action revolvers; Hunting handguns; Single-action revolvers
  • Hatchets — Hunting hatchets
  • Hoists — Cable hoists; Gambrels
  • Infrared imagers — Heatseekers; Infrared game cameras
  • Instrument tripods — Bipods; Shooting sticks
  • J hooks — J-hook tools
  • Knife blades — Caper knives; Fixed-blade knives; Fleshing knives
  • Laser measuring systems — Laser sights
  • Leather straps — Game straps
  • Life vests or preservers — Personal floatation devices
  • Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Climbing straps
  • Lifting cables — Haul lines
  • Light enhancing cameras or vision devices — Night vision binoculars; Night vision goggles; Night vision scopes
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Hunting trucks
  • Lighters — Fire starters
  • Lighting pole or post and hardware — Propane lanterns
  • Machetes — Hunting machetes
  • Magnifiers — Monoculars
  • Metallic mirrors — Signal mirrors
  • Micrometers — Bullet micrometers
  • Mining headlamp — Headlamps
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Paddles — Duck boat paddles
  • Parts of guns or pistols — Ammunition magazines; Cappers; Reloading presses; Trigger locks (see all 7 examples)
  • Personal computers
  • Pet grooming products — Fur combs
  • Phone headsets — Radio headsets
  • Picks — Nipple picks
  • Pocket knives — Folding knives; Survival pocket knives
  • Post hole digger — Stake pullers
  • Protective knee pads — Hunting knee pads
  • Protective pants — Hunting waders
  • Pull spring balances — Game scales
  • Pullers — Arrow pullers; Arrow straighteners; Bullet pullers; Patch pullers (see all 5 examples)
  • Radios — Weather alert radios
  • Rangefinders — Digital laser rangefinders
  • Recreational motorboats — Hunting boats
  • Safety glasses — Shooting glasses
  • Safety harnesses or belts — Hunting safety harnesses
  • Safety horns — Air horns
  • Safety vests — Hunting vests
  • Saws — Folding saws; Hand saws; Pack saws
  • Screw hooks — Tree steps
  • Screwdrivers — Gunsmith screwdrivers
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Arrow sharpeners; Knife sharpeners
  • Shears — Bone crushers; Game shears; Ratchet shears
  • Sifters — Dirt sifters
  • Skis — Cross country skis; Snowshoes
  • Slings — Wrist slings
  • Snowmobiles or snow scooter — Hunting snowmobiles
  • Specialty wrenches — Broadhead wrenches; Choke tube wrenches; Nipple wrenches; Priming tools
  • Sporting decoys — Dog training dummies; Hunting decoys
  • Sporting rifles — Black powder pistols; Black powder revolvers; Pump action rifles; Semi-automatic rifles (see all 8 examples)
  • Sporting shotguns — Hunting shotguns
  • Sporting traps — Bodygrip traps; Snares; Trap triggers; Tunnel traps (see all 14 examples)
  • Still cameras — Trail cameras
  • Storm lights — Spotlights
  • Stripping tools — Arrow stripping tools
  • Tablet computers
  • Telescopes — Muzzleloader scopes; Rifle scopes; Shotgun scopes; Spotting scopes
  • Tents — Blinds
  • Threading taps — Thread cleaning tools
  • Tongs — Trap setters; Trap setting tongs
  • Trapshooting equipment — Dog training dummy launchers
  • Trowels — Hand trowels
  • Tumblers or polishers — Case tumblers
  • Two way radios — Hand-held radios
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Sonic cleaners
  • Utility knives — Hunting utility knives; Skinning knives
  • Water purification equipment — Water purifiers
  • Wire brushes — Bronze brushes; Chamber brushes
  • Wire or cable cutter — Cable cutters

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  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

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  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

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  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.

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Work Activities

  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Locate animals for fishing or hunting purposes.
  • Obtain documentation to authorize activities.
  • Remove skin or other body parts from animals.
  • Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment.
  • Position animal trapping or capture equipment.
  • Capture or kill animals.
  • Sort forestry or agricultural materials.
  • Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment.
  • Transport animals, crops, or equipment.
  • Train workers in farming, forestry, or hunting techniques.
  • Prepare materials or solutions for animal or plant use.
  • Trim trees or other vegetation.
  • Plan trapping or hunting activities.
  • Promote agricultural or hunting activities.

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Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 95% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 91% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 64% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 45% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 64% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Telephone — 50% responded “Every day.”
  • Work Schedules — 48% responded “Seasonal (only during certain times of the year).”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 45% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing — 50% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 38% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 36% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 41% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 33% responded “About half the time.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Outdoors, Under Cover — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Contact With Others — 36% responded “Occasional contact with others.”
  • Electronic Mail — 32% responded “Every day.”
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 41% responded “More than half the time.”

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include counter and rental clerks, dishwashers, sewing machine operators, landscaping and groundskeeping workers, logging equipment operators, and baristas.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
39   High school diploma or equivalent Help
30   Less than high school diploma
13   Some college, no degree

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Interest code: R   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations.
Employment data collected from Fishing and Hunting Workers.
Industry data collected from Fishing and Hunting Workers.

Median wages (2018) $12.20 hourly, $25,380 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
Employment (2016) 27,000 employees
Projected growth (2016-2026) Faster than average (10% to 14%) Faster than average (10% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2016-2026) 3,100
State trends Employment Trends
Top industries (2016)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data external site and 2016-2026 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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