Skip navigation

Details Report for:
15-1131.00 - Computer Programmers

Create, modify, and test the code, forms, and script that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software developers or other individuals. May assist software developers by analyzing user needs and designing software solutions. May develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.

The occupation code you requested, 15-1021.00 (Computer Programmers), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 15-1131.00 (Computer Programmers) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Programmer Analyst, Programmer, Analyst Programmer, Computer Programmer, Software Developer, Applications Developer, Computer Programmer Analyst, Internet Programmer, Java Developer, Web Programmer

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
83   Core Correct errors by making appropriate changes and rechecking the program to ensure that the desired results are produced.
79   Core Conduct trial runs of programs and software applications to be sure they will produce the desired information and that the instructions are correct.
78   Core Write, update, and maintain computer programs or software packages to handle specific jobs such as tracking inventory, storing or retrieving data, or controlling other equipment.
77   Core Write, analyze, review, and rewrite programs, using workflow chart and diagram, and applying knowledge of computer capabilities, subject matter, and symbolic logic.
75   Core Perform or direct revision, repair, or expansion of existing programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements.
72   Core Consult with managerial, engineering, and technical personnel to clarify program intent, identify problems, and suggest changes.
70   Core Perform systems analysis and programming tasks to maintain and control the use of computer systems software as a systems programmer.
69   Core Compile and write documentation of program development and subsequent revisions, inserting comments in the coded instructions so others can understand the program.
62   Core Prepare detailed workflow charts and diagrams that describe input, output, and logical operation, and convert them into a series of instructions coded in a computer language.
61   Core Consult with and assist computer operators or system analysts to define and resolve problems in running computer programs.
59   Core Investigate whether networks, workstations, the central processing unit of the system, or peripheral equipment are responding to a program's instructions.
60   Supplemental Assign, coordinate, and review work and activities of programming personnel.
50   Supplemental Write or contribute to instructions or manuals to guide end users.
48   Supplemental Train subordinates in programming and program coding.
28   Supplemental Collaborate with computer manufacturers and other users to develop new programming methods.

back to top

Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Computer servers
Desktop computers
Mainframe computers — Mainframe operating systems
Serial port cards

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — SAS software; Simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis SPICE; The MathWorks MATLAB
Application server software
Compiler and decompiler software — Command interpreters; Just-in-time compiler; Stage compiler; Threaded code compiler (see all 14 examples)
Configuration management software — IBM Rational ClearCase; Revision control software
Content workflow software — Emerald Software Group Emerald Green Office; Workflow software
Data base management system software — Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software; Oracle procedural language/structured query language PL/SQL; Pick software (see all 11 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — dBASE Plus; IEA Software Emerald; Microsoft Access; Structured query language SQL (see all 5 examples)
Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Tier generator software; Xerces2 Java Parser (see all 51 examples)
Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML; IBM WebSphere; Progress Sonic ESB; SAP NetWeaver BW (see all 5 examples)
Graphical user interface development software — Basis BBx VisualPRO/5; Graphical user interface GUI development software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite
Object or component oriented development software — C++; Greatis Object Inspector; PowerSoft PowerBuilder; Python (see all 21 examples)
Operating system software — Bourne Shell; Job control language JCL
Program testing software — Debugging software; Low-level debugger software; Source code editor software; Symbolic debugger software
Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Cold Fusion; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player; CoffeeCup software; Microsoft FrontPage
Web platform development software — Hypertext markup language HTML; JavaScript; Microsoft Silverlight; Progress WebSpeed Workshop (see all 13 examples)

See all 29 T2 categories

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
96   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
76   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
52   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
50   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
49   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
36   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
35   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
34   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
28   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
23   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
20   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
19   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
18   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
16   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
15   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
13   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
12   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
11   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
10   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
 Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
 Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
 Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
 Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
88   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
66   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
63   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
63   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
60   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
56   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
38   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
35   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
31   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
16   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
13   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
63   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
63   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
60   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
56   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
56   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
47   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
41   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
38   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
35   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
28   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
22   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
22   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
19   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
19   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
13   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
 Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
99   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Resolve computer software problems.
  • Write computer programming code.
83   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
80   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
80   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
79   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues.
78   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
78   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop diagrams or flow charts of system operation.
  • Develop models of information or communications systems.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance.
77   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
69   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
67   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
61   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
58   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
57   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
53   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
50   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
48   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
48   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Document design or development procedures.
  • Prepare instruction manuals.
47   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
46   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
43   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
43   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
41   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
41   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
37   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use.
32   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
31   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Test computer system operations to ensure proper functioning.
  • Test software performance.
29   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Assign duties or work schedules to employees.
  • Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments.
  • Manage information technology projects or system activities.
  • Supervise information technology personnel.
28   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
19   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
18   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
16   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
15   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
15   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
14   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
13   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
13   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
12   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
  Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


89     Every day
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


86     Continually or almost continually
14     More than half the time
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


92     Every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


65     Extremely important
34     Very important
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


60     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


47     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


49     Extremely important
20     Very important
25     Important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


38     Every day
37     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


49     More than 40 hours
51     40 hours
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


34     Extremely important
39     Very important
14     Important
13     Fairly important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


29     Constant contact with others
38     Contact with others most of the time
19     Contact with others about half the time
14     Occasional contact with others
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


39     Continually or almost continually
20     More than half the time
12     About half the time
17     Less than half the time
11     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


32     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


16     A lot of freedom
43     Some freedom
22     Limited freedom
15     Very little freedom
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


37     Very important
32     Important
23     Fairly important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


12     Very important results
32     Important results
29     Moderate results
26     Minor results
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


11     Extremely competitive
49     Highly competitive
24     Slightly competitive
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


20     A lot of freedom
30     Some freedom
24     Limited freedom
21     No freedom
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


35     Continually or almost continually
12     More than half the time
18     Less than half the time
27     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


12     Moderately close (at arm's length)
62     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
14     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


12     High responsibility
50     Moderate responsibility
19     Limited responsibility
13     No responsibility
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


33     Highly automated
16     Moderately automated
39     Slightly automated
12     Not at all automated
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


11     Every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
11     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


12     Very serious
40     Serious
18     Fairly serious
23     Not serious at all
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


18     Extremely important
19     Important
38     Fairly important
23     Not important at all
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


26     Every day
40     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


30     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


26     Every day
11     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


11     Very high responsibility
33     Limited responsibility
48     No responsibility
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
51     Once a year or more but not every month
34     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
72     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


11     Every day
77     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


11     Every day
21     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


61     Less than half the time
39     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


22     Less than half the time
68     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


39     Less than half the time
61     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
85     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
88     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


91     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
85     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


92     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


92     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


17     Less than half the time
83     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


11     Once a year or more but not every month
89     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


97     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


90     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


96     Not important at all
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


92     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


96     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


97     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


95     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


96     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


97     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


100     Never

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
78   Bachelor's degree
11   Post-secondary certificate Help
  High school diploma or equivalent Help

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Computer Science — Computer and Information Sciences, General; Computer Graphics; Computer Programming, Specific Applications; Computer Programming/Programmer, General; Management Information Systems, General; Medical Office Computer Specialist/Assistant

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
78   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
17   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
84   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
83   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
79   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
76   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
74   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
74   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
74   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
69   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
69   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
69   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
68   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
66   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
65   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
53   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
45   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
75   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
22   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

back to top

Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

15-1121.00 Computer Systems Analysts Bright Outlook
15-1132.00 Software Developers, Applications Bright Outlook
15-1133.00 Software Developers, Systems Software   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
15-1134.00 Web Developers
15-1141.00 Database Administrators
15-1199.01 Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers Bright Outlook
15-1199.05 Geographic Information Systems Technicians Bright Outlook Green Occupation
19-4061.00 Social Science Research Assistants
43-9011.00 Computer Operators
43-9111.00 Statistical Assistants

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $36.60 hourly, $76,140 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 344,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 118,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top