Special Education Teachers, Middle School
25-2057.00

Teach academic, social, and life skills to middle school students with learning, emotional, or physical disabilities. Includes teachers who specialize and work with students who are blind or have visual impairments; students who are deaf or have hearing impairments; and students with intellectual disabilities.

Sample of reported job titles: Exceptional Children Teacher (EC Teacher), Exceptional Student Education Teacher (ESE Teacher), Inclusion Teacher, Intervention Specialist, Learning Support Teacher, Middle School Special Education Teacher, Self-Contained Special Education Teacher, Special Education Resource Teacher, Teacher

Occupation-Specific Information

Tasks Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceCategoryTask
94
 
Core
Establish and enforce rules for behavior and policies and procedures to maintain order among students.
92
 
Core
Modify the general education curriculum for special-needs students based upon a variety of instructional techniques and instructional technology.
91
 
Core
Develop or write Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for students.
91
 
Core
Maintain accurate and complete student records, and prepare reports on children and activities, as required by laws, district policies, and administrative regulations.
91
 
Core
Develop and implement strategies to meet the needs of students with a variety of handicapping conditions.
89
 
Core
Teach socially acceptable behavior, employing techniques such as behavior modification and positive reinforcement.
89
 
Core
Confer with parents or guardians, other teachers, counselors, and administrators to resolve students' behavioral and academic problems.
88
 
Core
Confer with parents, administrators, testing specialists, social workers, and professionals to develop individual educational plans designed to promote students' educational, physical, and social development.
86
 
Core
Observe and evaluate students' performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.
85
 
Core
Employ special educational strategies and techniques during instruction to improve the development of sensory- and perceptual-motor skills, language, cognition, and memory.
85
 
Core
Collaborate with other teachers that provide instruction to special education students to ensure that the students receive appropriate support.
84
 
Core
Teach students personal development skills, such as goal setting, independence, and self-advocacy.
84
 
Core
Plan and conduct activities for a balanced program of instruction, demonstration, and work time that provides students with opportunities to observe, question, and investigate.
84
 
Core
Meet with parents and guardians to discuss their children's progress and to determine priorities for their children and their resource needs.
83
 
Core
Monitor teachers and teacher assistants to ensure that they adhere to inclusive special education program requirements.
83
 
Core
Prepare materials and classrooms for class activities.
81
 
Core
Prepare, administer, and grade tests and assignments to evaluate students' progress.
81
 
Core
Coordinate placement of students with special needs into mainstream classes.
80
 
Core
Use computers, audio-visual aids, and other equipment and materials to supplement presentations.
80
 
Core
Instruct through lectures, discussions, and demonstrations in one or more subjects, such as English, mathematics, or social studies.
79
 
Core
Establish clear objectives for all lessons, units, and projects and communicate those objectives to students.
79
 
Core
Guide and counsel students with adjustment or academic problems, or special academic interests.
77
 
Core
Instruct students in daily living skills required for independent maintenance and self-sufficiency, such as hygiene, safety, and food preparation.
75
 
Core
Confer with other staff members to plan and schedule lessons promoting learning, following approved curricula.
71
 
Core
Provide assistive devices, supportive technology, and assistance accessing facilities, such as restrooms.
71
 
Core
Meet with parents and guardians to provide guidance in using community resources and to teach skills for dealing with students' impairments.
70
 
Core
Prepare for assigned classes and show written evidence of preparation upon request of immediate supervisors.
69
 
Core
Prepare objectives and outlines for courses of study, following curriculum guidelines or requirements of states and schools.
68
 
Core
Attend professional meetings, educational conferences, and teacher training workshops to maintain and improve professional competence.
67
 
Core
Administer standardized ability and achievement tests and interpret results to determine students' strengths and areas of need.
66
 
Core
Instruct and monitor students in the use and care of equipment and materials to prevent injuries and damage.
64
 
Core
Attend staff meetings and serve on committees, as required.
62
 
Core
Plan and supervise class projects, field trips, visits by guest speakers, or other experiential activities, and guide students in learning from those activities.
60
 
Core
Organize and supervise games and other recreational activities to promote physical, mental, and social development.
58
 
Core
Organize and label materials and display students' work.
55
 
Core
Perform administrative duties, such as assisting in school libraries, hall and cafeteria monitoring, and bus loading and unloading.
53
 
Core
Select, store, order, issue, and inventory classroom equipment, materials, and supplies.
69
 
Supplemental
Supervise, evaluate, and plan assignments for teacher assistants and volunteers.
65
 
Supplemental
Provide additional instruction in vocational areas.
53
 
Supplemental
Visit schools to tutor students with sensory impairments and to consult with teachers regarding students' special needs.

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Technology Skills Save Table: XLSX CSV

Hot technology Hot Technologies are requirements frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used Save Table: XLSX CSV

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Occupational Requirements

Work Activities Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceWork Activity
84
 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
80
 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
80
 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
79
 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
79
 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
78
 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
78
 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
77
 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
77
 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
77
 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
77
 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
76
 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
75
 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
75
 
Working with Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
73
 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
72
 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
70
 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
69
 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
68
 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
67
 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
67
 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
66
 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
65
 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
61
 
Judging the Qualities of Objects, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
61
 
Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
60
 
Communicating with People Outside the Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
57
 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
57
 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
45
 
Providing Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
36
 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
34
 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
32
 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
27
 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
23
 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
21
 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
20
 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
19
 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
15
 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
11
 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
6
 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
5
 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or watercraft.

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Detailed Work Activities Save Table: XLSX CSV

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Work Context Save Table: XLSX CSV

  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
    • 93%
      93%
       
      responded: Constant contact with others
  • Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
    • 86%
      86%
       
      responded: Every day
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
    • 82%
      82%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
    • 81%
      81%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Very important
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
    • 86%
      86%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Never
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
    • 49%
      49%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 40%
      40%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Important
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
    • 42%
      42%
       
      responded: A lot of freedom
    • 52%
      52%
       
      responded: Some freedom
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
    • 47%
      47%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 37%
      37%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
    • 44%
      44%
       
      responded: Very close (near touching)
    • 43%
      43%
       
      responded: Moderately close (at arm's length)
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
    • 49%
      49%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?
    • 48%
      48%
       
      responded: Very important results
    • 28%
      28%
       
      responded: Important results
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Moderate results
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: A lot of freedom
    • 63%
      63%
       
      responded: Some freedom
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Limited freedom
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
    • 60%
      60%
       
      responded: More than 40 hours
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: 40 hours
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
    • 46%
      46%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 29%
      29%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Important
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
    • 44%
      44%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 31%
      31%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
    • 56%
      56%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
    • 40%
      40%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 25%
      25%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Important
  • Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
    • 39%
      39%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 31%
      31%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
  • Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
    • 56%
      56%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
    • 25%
      25%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 32%
      32%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Never
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
    • 19%
      19%
       
      responded: Very high responsibility
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: High responsibility
    • 44%
      44%
       
      responded: Moderate responsibility
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Limited responsibility
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Very high responsibility
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: High responsibility
    • 42%
      42%
       
      responded: Moderate responsibility
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Limited responsibility
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
    • 29%
      29%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 22%
      22%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 38%
      38%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
  • Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Highly competitive
    • 46%
      46%
       
      responded: Moderately competitive
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Slightly competitive
  • Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Very serious
    • 25%
      25%
       
      responded: Serious
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Fairly serious
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Not serious at all
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
    • 19%
      19%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Important
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Fairly important
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Not important at all
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
    • 32%
      32%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 21%
      21%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 38%
      38%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 48%
      48%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
    • 22%
      22%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 28%
      28%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 37%
      37%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
    • 25%
      25%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 32%
      32%
       
      responded: Never
  • Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 21%
      21%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 45%
      45%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
    • 74%
      74%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Never
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 45%
      45%
       
      responded: Never
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 29%
      29%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 53%
      53%
       
      responded: Never
  • Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
    • 19%
      19%
       
      responded: Moderately automated
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Slightly automated
    • 49%
      49%
       
      responded: Not at all automated
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
    • 20%
      20%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 57%
      57%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
    • 20%
      20%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 25%
      25%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 55%
      55%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 63%
      63%
       
      responded: Never
  • Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
    • 75%
      75%
       
      responded: Never
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
    • 82%
      82%
       
      responded: Never
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
    • 76%
      76%
       
      responded: Never
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 63%
      63%
       
      responded: Never
  • Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
    • 88%
      88%
       
      responded: Regular (established routine, set schedule)
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
    • 88%
      88%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 78%
      78%
       
      responded: Never
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
    • 89%
      89%
       
      responded: Not important at all
  • Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
    • 96%
      96%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
    • 94%
      94%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
    • 94%
      94%
       
      responded: Never
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
    • 94%
      94%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
    • 96%
      96%
       
      responded: Never
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
    • 99%
      99%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
    • 96%
      96%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
    • 100%
      100%
       
      responded: Never

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Experience Requirements

Job Zone Save Table: XLSX CSV

Title
Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education
Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience
A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training
Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples
Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include real estate brokers, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range
2-4 years of preparation (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Training & Credentials

State training
Local training
Certifications
State licenses
Apprenticeships
Have a career path or location in mind? Visit Apprenticeship.gov external site to find apprenticeship opportunities near you.

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Worker Requirements

Skills Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceSkill
78
 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
78
 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75
 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
75
 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75
 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
72
 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
72
 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
72
 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
72
 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
69
 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
69
 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
69
 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
69
 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
66
 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
66
 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56
 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
56
 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50
 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47
 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47
 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
41
 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
16
 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13
 
Operations Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
13
 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13
 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
10
 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
10
 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
10
 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
10
 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
3
 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0
 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0
 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0
 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
0
 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
0
 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Knowledge Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceKnowledge
94
 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
94
 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
74
 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
65
 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
64
 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
61
 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
58
 
Administrative — Knowledge of administrative and office procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and workplace terminology.
58
 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
55
 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
48
 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
45
 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.
42
 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
41
 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
40
 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34
 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
34
 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
33
 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
26
 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.
21
 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
21
 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
20
 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
20
 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
18
 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
18
 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
17
 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15
 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
14
 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
11
 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
10
 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
9
 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
8
 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
7
 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
5
 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

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Education

How much education does a new hire need to perform a job in this occupation? Respondents said:

  • 47%
     
    responded: Master’s degree requiredmore info
  • 41%
     
    responded: Bachelor’s degree required
  • 12%
     
    responded: Post-baccalaureate certificate required

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Worker Characteristics

Abilities Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceAbility
78
 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75
 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75
 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75
 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72
 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72
 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
72
 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
72
 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
72
 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
72
 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66
 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66
 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56
 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53
 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53
 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47
 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47
 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47
 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
47
 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44
 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44
 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
44
 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44
 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38
 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
31
 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31
 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.
28
 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28
 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
16
 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
16
 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
10
 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
10
 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
6
 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
6
 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
3
 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
3
 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
3
 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
0
 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
0
 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
0
 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0
 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0
 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of a glare or bright lighting.
0
 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
0
 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low-light conditions.
0
 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0
 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0
 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
0
 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
0
 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0
 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0
 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0
 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

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Interests Save Table: XLSX CSV

Occupational InterestInterest
100
 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
67
 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
39
 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
39
 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28
 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22
 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Values Save Table: XLSX CSV

ExtentWork Value
89
 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
72
 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67
 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61
 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50
 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45
 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Work Styles Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceWork Style
97
 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
96
 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
96
 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
96
 
Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
95
 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
94
 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
93
 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
92
 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
92
 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
92
 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
90
 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
90
 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
87
 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
83
 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
80
 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
79
 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

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Workforce Characteristics

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2021)
$61,820 annual
State wages
Local wages
Employment (2020)
78,500 employees
Projected growth (2020-2030)
Average (5% to 10%)
Projected job openings (2020-2030)
6,500
State trends
Top industries (2020)
Educational Services (99% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2021 wage data external site and 2020-2030 employment projections external site . “Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). “Projected job openings” represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

State job openings
Local job openings

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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