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Summary Report for:
17-2199.02 - Validation Engineers

Design or plan protocols for equipment or processes to produce products meeting internal and external purity, safety, and quality requirements.

Sample of reported job titles: Corporate Quality Engineer, Design Assurance Manager, Post Market Quality Manager, Product Quality Engineer, Quality Assurance Engineer, Quality Engineer, Quality Management Systems Engineer, Reliability Engineer, Supplier Quality Engineer, Validation Specialist

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Study product characteristics or customer requirements to determine validation objectives and standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze validation test data to determine whether systems or processes have met validation criteria or to identify root causes of production problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop validation master plans, process flow diagrams, test cases, or standard operating procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare detailed reports or design statements, based on results of validation and qualification tests or reviews of procedures and protocols. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain validation test equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct validation or qualification tests of new or existing processes, equipment, or software in accordance with internal protocols or external standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with regulatory agencies regarding compliance documentation or validation results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare, maintain, or review validation and compliance documentation, such as engineering change notices, schematics, or protocols. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Recommend resolution of identified deviations from established product or process standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design validation study features, such as sampling, testing, or analytical methodologies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare validation or performance qualification protocols for new or modified manufacturing processes, systems, or equipment for production of pharmaceuticals, electronics, or other products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create, populate, or maintain databases for tracking validation activities, test results, or validated systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Resolve testing problems by modifying testing methods or revising test objectives and standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct audits of validation or performance qualification processes to ensure compliance with internal or regulatory requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Draw samples of raw materials, intermediate products, or finished products for validation testing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct validation activities, such as protocol creation or testing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate the implementation or scheduling of validation testing with affected departments and personnel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in internal or external training programs to maintain knowledge of validation principles, industry trends, or novel technologies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Validate or characterize sustainable or environmentally friendly products, using electronic testing platforms. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assist in training equipment operators or other staff on validation protocols and standard operating procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan or conduct validation testing of alternative energy products, such as synthetic jet fuels or energy storage systems, such as fuel cells. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software — Cadence Incisive Enterprise Simulator; Minitab Hot technology ; QUALCOMM eXtensible Diagnostic Monitor QxDM; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology (see all 12 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — Docker Hot technology ; GitHub Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Compliance software — Sparta Systems TrackWise See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Dassault Systemes CATIA Hot technology ; Dassault Systemes SOLIDWORKS Hot technology ; PTC Creo Parametric See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Configuration management software — Chef Hot technology ; Perforce Helix software; Puppet Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — Apache Cassandra Hot technology ; Elasticsearch Hot technology ; NoSQL Hot technology ; Teradata Database Hot technology (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software Hot technology ; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Microsoft SQL Server Hot technology ; Structure query language SQL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Apache Kafka Hot technology ; C Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual Basic Hot technology ; Verilog Hot technology (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — EMC Documentum See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; IBM Notes Hot technology ; Microsoft Outlook Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Atlassian Bamboo Hot technology ; Extensible markup language XML Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise system management software — Splunk Enterprise Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Expert system software — Ansible software Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • File versioning software — Apache Subversion; Git Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Microsoft Visio Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Industrial control software — GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy HMI/SCADA iFIX See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network monitoring software — Nagios Hot technology ; Wireshark Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Virtual private networking VPN software Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology ; Oracle Java Hot technology ; Python Hot technology ; Scala Hot technology (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object oriented data base management software — PostgreSQL Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Bash Hot technology ; Red Hat Enterprise Linux Hot technology ; Ubuntu Hot technology ; UNIX Hot technology (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Portal server software — Apache HTTP Server Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Program testing software — Bugzilla; Hewlett Packard QuickTest Professional; Selenium Hot technology ; Windows kernel debuggers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Django Hot technology ; JavaScript Hot technology ; PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Hot technology ; Ruby on Rails Hot technology (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Flow sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Frequency analyzers — Spectrum analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation systems — Gel electrophoresis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Integrated circuit testers — In-target probes ITP; Logic analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network analyzers — Network protocol analyzers; Tektronix Communications Network & Service Analyzer NSA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oscilloscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protocol analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermal conductivity analyzers — Thermal validation systems See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Review technical documents to plan work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze test or validation data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare detailed work plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document technical design details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain test equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct validation tests of equipment or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate technical information to suppliers, contractors, or regulatory agencies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records or records systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect finished products to locate flaws. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Devise research or testing protocols. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate computer systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolve operational performance problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect operational processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect samples of raw materials or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct quality control activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Update technical knowledge. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train personnel on proper operational procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 89% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 65% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 50% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 40% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 60% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 35% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 55% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 35% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 40% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 30% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 50% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 35% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 45% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 45% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 25% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include real estate brokers, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
90   Bachelor's degree
5   Associate's degree
5   Master's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRC   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2018) $46.62 hourly, $96,980 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2018) 158,000 employees
Projected growth (2018-2028) Average (4% to 6%) Average (4% to 6%)
Projected job openings (2018-2028) 11,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2018)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data external site and 2018-2028 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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